On top of this, the rush to recruit in time for the Armada meant that many men had not served in the colonies, the method Spain used to harden its fighting men. A wild coast on , largest of the Aran Islands. Fore and aft castles were lowered for stability. Despite strenuous efforts to buy weapons in Germany and arquebuses from Holland, many militiamen were armed only with bows and arrows. On July 29, 1588, after the bad weather had passed, the Armada was spotted off the Sicily Isles near southwestern England Goldman 1. The English were sinking Spanish ships carrying silver back to Spain, and worse, Francis Drake was capturing ships and taking their cargo of silver back to England. In the early seventeenth century, English colonies were founded at Plymouth Rock and Jamestown.
Also those English sailors who survived and fought against the Armada were poorly treated by the English government. The 45 noblemen and officers were marched to Dublin, but only 30 survived to reach the capital, where they were dispatched to London for ransom. Aware of the Spanish tactic of hooking in enemy ships, the English kept their distance and used their cannons to their full advantage. The greatest destruction for the Armada was yet to come, as they entered the September gales of the North Sea to loop west around Scotland and Ireland. Its hopes of invasion crushed, the remnants of the Spanish Armada began a long and difficult journey back to Spain.
Armada timeline: 1588 12 July: the Spanish Armada set sail. Thedevelopment of a tactical plan for the fleet, in respect to thesailing route and to anticipated clashes with the English navy, wasitself carefully formulated. In reality, the Armada was doomed for a whole host of reasons, only some of them the work of the English. First, he wanted to return all Protestants back to the Catholic faith. It met with armed resistance in the , when a fireship attack off Calais broke its formation, and was driven into the after the. Battered by storms and suffering from a dire lack of supplies, the Armada sailed on a hard journey back to Spain around Scotland and Ireland.
The Spanish King had been married to Mary I of England and it seemed that for a time that England would fall under Spanish influence. This was not the case. The English ships were much lighter than the heavy Spanish ships this also was a disadvantage to the Spanish because the English ships could get to places quicker. More than 13,500 sailors and soldiers did not come home— the vast majority victims not of English cannon fire, but of lack of food and water, virulent disease and incompetent organisation. They never actually got the ship that they were chasing because the French got it.
After smaller battles near Eddystone and the Isle of Portland, the Spanish ships were chased from the Isle of Wight and pursued to Calais. This war was never actually declared, however, there was always tension between the two countries as Catholic Spain was not happy with England being a protestant country. The victory over the Armada was to make Sir Francis Drake a very famous man. On August 4th, a strong wind caused the Channel to become a lot more rough and the smaller English ships suffered from this whereas the Spanish used the wind to move quickly to the European coastline where they would pick up Spanish troops ready for the invasion of England. As soon as one beacon was seen, the next further along the coast was lit. The English shot loads and ran out of ammunition! After being defeated by England, they lost that control and England gained it.
His planning was atrocious, for example, he started the journey with not enough accurate maps and an insufficient amount of food for the crew. This was not unusual as most fleets sailed in this shape as it offered the ships in that fleet the most protection. There were nine survivors, who were sent on to Scotland by ; 260 bodies were washed ashore. Holding the weather vane, using standoff tactics and superior gunnery, The English were able to inflict a defeat on the Spanish. In the English fleet, on the other hand, roughly one man in ten was a gunnery specialist, meaning that every gun crew was supervised by someone with the relevant skills and experience.
Therefore , they came unprepared and ill equipped , for the fight England upheld. To speed up production, canon balls had been cooled in water, weakening their structure. Hitler was a man with extremist ideologies and had great hatred for Communism. What the English did do was waste a lot of ammunition firing at the Armada and not having much of an impact as the Spanish ships had well built hulls that proved to be solid. The Rosario collided with another ship, was disabled and captured by Drake, while the San Salvador blew up with tremendous loss of life.