China is seen by Eurocentric historians to have been much more densely populated than Europe. The first reason was that England had the resources that were needed for industrialization. Dutch art reflects the decline of its patrons, as 18th century Dutch art shows little of the genius of the previous century. Well, because conditions in Britain happened to be perfect at that time. The population increase in Britain and the exodus of farmers from rural to urban areas in search of wage-labor created a ready pool of workers for the new industries.
It's important to note that Clark's book really doesn't answer questions like England vs. These machines turned cotton into yarn. Coal was used to power steam engines. People also sold and traded their self-made goods within short distances from their location. Until the Industrial Revolution, wood was the primary source of energy in Britain. Producing Hegemony: The Politics of Mass Production and American Global Power.
Development in the area of precise measurement was an area of unique European speciality, and they kept a monopoly in the science of time measurements and magnification for over 300 years. Overall, they had a great geograpphy large amounts of coal and iron , a large capital money to invest in industry and a large and growing population. Gains inliteracy and education combined with technological innovation tocreate the first mass media. It was in England that the industrial revolution first took hold. Along with that, the new inventions made it so less people were needed on farms and more people. Therefore, the revisionist argument is discredited, as has been shown, east and west were similar in many aspects and a comparison between them is possible especially in light of how close China might have come to industrialisation.
Inventions played a major role in the development of. Britain's natural resources and agriculture Britain is an island rich in natural resources. Of course there are other differences between France and Britain that you note. England had relatively secure property rights Hart stresses that in Europe only England had all these factors operating in its favor. Those ponds could add another wheel for another type of mill.
England had abundant iron ore and coal 8. However, in terms of population growth the two seem quite similar. New industries were introduced; coal, mining, steel, wool, ship building, cotton etc. Agricultural stability allowed the British population to increase. Soon there were many steamboats.
One of the intol … erable acts made it illegal for the English colonies to make their own nails. Advances in transport facilitated distribution of bothmanufactured goods and foodstuffs for grow … ing urban populations. Raw materials were purchased at low prices from the colonies, made into manufactured goods in England, and sold back to the colonies at high prices. First tested in Wales, Trevithick's locomotive ran at five miles per hour. I had a law school professor who attributed the rise of England to the legal doctrine of primogenitor where the whole of the inheritance went to the oldest son.
The system of making your own clothes was called the putting out system. Abraham Darby, looking for cheaper way to produce iron pioneered the use of coke in the iron foundries. Furthermore, its subsequent applications paved the way for technological advancements such as the steam engine. Lastly, Great Britain's colonial empire created a ready supply of consumers to purchase its manufactured goods. As a result, it took decades before India started adopting modern industrial practices, such as steam power and mechanized spinning and weaving, in its textile manufacturing. British farmer Charles Townsent popularized the idea of crop rotation in England. At any given time, 0:31:27 0:31:31 you had between eight to 15 ships in here and while they were here, 0:31:31 0:31:34 they could take the opportunity to do repairs.
One is that Great Britain had great sources of coal and iron whichwere needed for industrialization. British workers began to save money. The second reason is innovation which was helped by the variety and amount of English thinkers and inventors being able to communicate effectively and quickly about their new farming and factory techniques. Happily the medieval ages were followed by the renaissance. New technologies started a chain reaction in Britain that became known as the Industrial Revolution.
During this time period, there was a rapid growth in the population called population explosion. In addition, some countries never fully industrialized at all, such as numerous countries in Africa and Asia while others, such as Russia, are only partially industrialized. Only slight differences stand out in the cloud and these are not stand-alone factors, without the combination it is likely the Industrial Revolution might not have happened at all. However, there were also massive coal reserves which were never used before. Industrial Revolution in Japan: Large-scale industrialization of Japan began around 1870 after a political revolution brought into power an oligarchy that ruled through the name of a teenaged emporer named Meiji. The Industrial Revolution also began in England because of their large demand for coal and iron. The maintenance of horses required a great deal of effort and land.
It's by Joseph Wright, 0:08:43 0:08:45 of Derby, it's 1766, 0:08:45 0:08:47 and what it shows is a small group, 0:08:47 0:08:50 including these children, 0:08:50 0:08:51 with this wonderful lighting of these wrapt faces, 0:08:51 0:08:54 looking at an orrery - this device, 0:08:54 0:08:56 which shows you how the solar system works, 0:08:56 0:08:59 and it's really quite wonderful. However, Chinese money and resources were needed for much more pressing matters at that time. Demands for products led to the development of efficient transportation systems. These crops could be easily cultivated in Europe and provided a lot of nutrition. His Darwinian speculations are a lot more likely to prove relevant to that massive question than to why the Industrial Revolution started in England rather than in Holland.