James, Peter and John in Jerusalem accepted his calling to the apostleship from the Lord to the specifically those not as of equal authority as Peter's to the specifically those circumcised according to Paul. We find the names of the 12 disciples in , , and. He is often identified with James the Less and commonly known by that name in church tradition. His name was put forth for this appointment by roughly 120 believers at the instigation of Peter. Although these men lived and ministered with Jesus we often have a difficult time remembering much about them. In the time of Tertullian and Clemens of Alexandria the glory of martyrdom was confined to St.
Matthew wrote the gospel that bears his name, although the date of this writing is sometimes debated among scholars. Philip, another of the twelve apostles as per John 1:43-51 , where the name Nathaniel first appears. Hinckley, August 1, 2007 2007-08-01 — October 6, 2007 2007-10-06 , called by Gordon B. Oil on panel, 1614 Matthew describes Jesus meeting James and John, also fishermen and brothers, very shortly after recruiting Simon and Andrew. With the letter he sent his envoy Hannan, the keeper of the archives, offering his own home city to Jesus as a safe dwelling place. Simon the Zealot Also known as Simon the Cananaean, this apostle was a Zealot, a political group which did not shy away from using violence in pursuit of its goals. What happened to Judas Iscariot? After his betrayal of Jesus, he committed suicide by hanging himself.
The account of Bartholomew being skinned alive is the most represented in works of art, and consequently Bartholomew is often shown with a large knife, holding his own skin as in Michelangelo's Last Judgment , or both. He is sometimes called Levi in the Bible Mark 2:14. Philip Philip was from Bethsaida , as were the apostles Andrew and Peter. Further rewards included a horrid death and universal castigation. After the resurrection, Peter became a bold evangelist and missionary, and one of the greatest leaders of the early church. His close proximity to Jesus taught him much about love. John as the presumed author of the Gospel is often depicted with an eagle, which symbolizes the height he rose to in the first chapter of his gospel.
In Medieval Catholic folklore, Mary, the sister of Lazarus, was seen as the same as Mary Magdalene. He is also called James the Greater to distinguish him from James, son of Alphaeus, who is also known as James the Lesser. In the course of time I decided to do a compilation of all items, list, topics that interest me. The of the Twelve Apostles. Saint Andrew As one of the Twelve, Andrew was admitted to the closest familiarity with Our Lord during His public life; he was present at the Last Supper; beheld the risen Lord; witnessed the Ascension; shared in the graces and gifts of the first Pentecost, and helped, amid threats and persecution, to establish the Faith in Palestine. A comparison of the three passages shows a couple of minor differences in the names. He is also believed to have crossed the largest area, which includes the Parthian Empire and India Thomas speaks in the Gospel of John.
Members of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles are , with the calling to be , ambassadors, and special witnesses of. You can be sure that any educated, first-century Roman citizen would have laughed at any prediction that within three centuries the would be the official faith of the empire. Jude was a son of Clopas and his wife Mary, a sister of the Virgin Mary. On the other hand, several books bearing his name—the Acts of Peter, Gospel of Peter, Preaching of Peter, Revelation of Peter, and Judgment of Peter—are rejected by the Catholic Church as Apocryphal. After having witnessed the empty tomb, Peter returned to fishing. At the beginning of Jesus' public life, they were said to have occupied the same house at Capernaum.
From here Peter would return as the leader of the apostles and of the early church. Zebedee and his sons fished in the Lake of Genesareth. He preached boldly to large crowds in Samaria but was willing to be led into the desert to preach to one Ethiopian man and lead him to Christ Acts 8. This parallels the accounts of Mark and Luke, but Matthew implies that the men have also abandoned their father since he is present in the ship they abandon behind them , and Carter feels this should be interpreted to mean that Matthew's view of Jesus is one of a figure rejecting the traditional patriarchal structure of society, where the father had command over his children; most scholars, however, just interpret it to mean that Matthew intended these two to be seen as even more devoted than the other pair. And he was transfigured before them, and his face shone like the sun, and his clothes became white as light. The Synoptic Gospels go on to describe that much later, after Jesus had later begun , he noticed, while teaching, a in his booth. In later tradition, Simon is often associated with St.
Andrew at once recognized Jesus as the Messiah, and hastened to introduce him to his brother. Eusebius quotes Origen as saying Andrew preached along the Black Sea as far as the Volga, Kiev and Novgorod. In light of the Easter event, then, Peter became an exemplar of the forgiven sinner. All of them, including Peter, rest upon Christ Jesus as the foundation cornerstone. Invariably the successor has been the most senior member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, with seniority determined by the longest continuous duration of service. Albright and Mann extrapolate from Simon's and Andrew's abandonment of their nets that Matthew is emphasizing the importance of renunciation by converting to Christianity, since fishing was profitable, although required large start-up costs, and abandoning everything would have been an important sacrifice. Judas betrayed Jesus for thirty pieces of silver.
It further connects him to Nathanael sometimes identified with Bartholomew whom Philip first introduces to Jesus. He wrote a large portion of the New Testament—The book of John, 1, 2, and 3 John, and the book of Revelation. Mathew Levi of Capernaum 9. He is generally identified with Thaddeus, and is also variously called Jude of James, Jude Thaddaeus, Judas Thaddaeus or Lebbaeus. Can you name them all? Nathanael reappears at the end of John's gospel as one of the disciples to whom Jesus appeared at the Sea of Galilee after the Resurrection.