Never use two note numbers at the end of a sentence. Book, with no known author 5. Chicago Manual Footnotes Hanover College History Department Style Guide for Chicago Manual Footnotes Footnotes are a conventional way to tell your readers where you got the information and quotes that appear in your paper. For further info, see section 14. Use Method A if you need to cite more than one reference by the same author. Immediately following the name of the author, you'll include the title of the work you're citing in italics.
For the Koran, provide sura and verse i. More examples for the sources genealogists use are available. That is, the paragraph that mentions Taft the second time gets its own footnote; don't re-use the number found in the earlier paragraph. The Chicago Style is also named Turabian after Kate Turabian, who wrote a style manual based on the Chicago Style while working at the University of Chicago. Finally, when using endnotes in a book it is customary to add a running head to each page e.
Use this model when the book has been reformatted in some way from the original printed copies. If you are a student, plagiarism may result in disciplinary action. It's a good idea to include your last name as well, in case pages become separated. Chicago-style source citations come in two varieties: 1 notes and bibliography and 2 author-date. Emphasis If you want to emphasize part of a quote, add italics, or make any other changes you desire, you can add a quick note at the end of your citation: 5. If the paper source and the online source look exactly the same as would be the case in a photocopy, for instance , the details above will be most helpful for your readers. Remember that the purpose of a footnote is to make it easy for readers to find the item you used.
Most students can rely on using footnotes instead. These differences are displayed in the image above. Follow the author's name with a comma. Through a Subscription Database 1John T. Indent the first line of each footnote 5 spaces.
For agencies, include the acronym in parentheses after the full name when first used, e. Encyclopedias and other reference books With rare exceptions, print encyclopedias and other reference books follow the models already provided for citing books. The title of the larger work should be italicized. Smith, His Name Is My Name New York: Nursery Publications, 1982 , 101. For samples of numerous other Endnote citations, please see , 6th ed. Choose 2 or 3 key words from the title that will allow your readers to easily recognize the work. The format is slightly different from endnotes.
To the extent possible, combine the information you would have provided for the primary source in its original form as a or , for instance plus identifying information for the online version of it. The same number will appear in the endnote section at the end of your manuscript, allowing your reader to look up the citation. The Secret of Roan Inish, dir. However, the Chicago Manual of Style recommends that for the sake of clarity writers are more cautious about using shortened citations see above. Rienner Publishers, 1997 , 5. House Papers, Yale University Library New Haven, Conn.
To do that, you need to provide complete citations in a consistent citation style. If the citation has been referenced immediately prior, the note may be shortened even further to ibid with the page number. If you are reading this page from the Hanover College campus, you can click to see an example of a published article using Chicago Manual style footnotes. Gustav Holst, The Planets, performed by the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra with Andre Previn, Holst: The Planets 1990; Telarc, 1990. For more details on Chicago-style footnotes, see at or the Chicago Manual itself available at the Duggan Library. Include the name of the version you are citing. Compiler, translator or editor if an editor is listed in addition to an author ; 4.
For information about citing specific sources, please consult the relevant section from our. Remember that your goal is to make it easy for readers to find the item you used. Louis, Missouri, 13 June 2017. Endnotes allow you to show the reader that you have considered all of the major arguments regarding your given topic, or if you have not, allows them to easily see which authors you have failed to consider. This can be helpful if you have several sources that offer further reading on the topic you are discussing, but do not have room in your paper to discuss them all there.