Although it is impossible to quantify with any certainty the impact of European contact on New World populations, estimates of the pre-contact population of the Americas have ranged from 8 to 30 million. Throughout the sixteenth century, Potosí was a boom town, attracting settlers from many nations as well as native people from many different cultures. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985. During these explorations, the Europeans brought diseases such as malaria, yellow fever, typhoid and bubonic plague to the New World, wiping out entire Indian populations. Slaves were also transported to the New world from Africa. They were an important part of this Age, but theirs was not the main motivation. The Impact of European Diseases on Overview Contact between Europeans and led to a demographic disaster of unprecedented proportions.
Premium Columbian Exchangeand David Northrup. In these trade networks, the spice, silver, slave, and sugar trades were especially important in affecting the world. On the other hand, the Native Americans suffered from the Columbian Exchange because most of their population were killed by diseased and the lost of land. In stripping and burning forests in order to plant, European settlers exposed native flora to direct sunlight and to domesticated animals brought from the Old World. Gold and other precious metals from the New World also added greatly to the wealth of countries like Spain, England, and France.
I can identify how life colonization changed life for people living in the Old World and New World. Europe started to increase in territorial expansion due to the enhancement of technology improvement, weapon mastery, and rank of power. For instance, rattlesnakes evolved in the New World while vipers were present in the Old World Crosby, 2007. This close interaction and contact lead to a widespread exchange of different things such as plants, livestock, and most importantly, disease. This event is one of the more significant events of all-time as it marks the beginning of the modern era of history. Some scholars have argued that the devastating population decline in the New World was due primarily to imported diseases, while others have argued that the demographic catastrophe was the result of the chaos and exploitation that followed the Conquest. At the same time, the colonies the Europeans established in the New World soon became efficient producers of not only New World crops, but Old World transplants as well.
However, the New World provided the Old World with new crops as well; they provided corn, potatoes, and cocoa plants. Just like Europeans, the Americans helped to bring new plants, vegetables, and fruits back to the old world such as corn, tomatoes, and coco beans. Wheat, peaches, turnips, onions, lettuce and sugar was all brought to the New World from the Old World. Some species of plants and animals flourished in both areas, and some did not. Click on the pictures below to learn more about the influences of maize, potatoes, rice, and smallpox. The environments of the world changed so drastically that the inhabitants of the worlds were affected Crosby, 1972. But this time, Europeans brought something from America that electrified China -- silver.
Not only were Native Americans greatly impacted by the Columbian Exchange as it brought them devastation and catastrophe, but the Europeans were also affected as they benefited from the precious metals and agriculture they received. The hope of finding gold in the Americas drove the greedy Europeans to migrate there. The introduction of cattle from Europe brought most of these diseases. The Columbian exchange caused numerous short and long-term effects in the Americas and many other. However, Europe was not the only one that profited from the Columbian Exchange. The mother country sent back finished materials of all sorts: textiles, tools, clothing. Columbus would not reach India, instead he would land on the banks of a world entirely unknown to Europeans of the time period.
The natives had never seen or used European cattle before such as horses, cows, buffalo, and pigs. The economy of the fourteenth century was in a state of decline. Europe also affected the Americas environmentally by bringing foods such as wheat, rye, barley, oats and millet. What foods did the New world exchange with the Old World? Emperor of Japan, Feudalism, Government 938 Words 3 Pages European maritime expansion? The colonists could purchase these goods only from their mother country; trade with other countries was forbidden. Also, such animals as turkeys, provided a new food source for Europeans. Their influence on Old World peoples, like that of wheat and rice on New World peoples, is key to understanding the global population explosion of the past three centuries. But the crop proved to be incredibly popular outside of Europe: it was taken up rapidly throughout the Middle East, arriving in Lebanon and Syria in the 1520s where it helped spur population growth.
All European colonizers, however, shared a disregard for Indians. Of all the commodities in the Atlantic World, sugar proved to be the most important. Columbus began the trade routes which had never been established between Europe and the Americas so his voyages initiated the interchange of plants between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres, which doubled the food crop resources available to people. One way Europe and the Americas differed was through their expansion of territory. New foods for both Europe and the Americas was a major part of the Columbian Exchange.
Although they may not spend as much for gas to run the vehicles, there are subjects such as territory,. Americas, Christopher Columbus, Indigenous peoples of the Americas 424 Words 2 Pages Two very different regions of the world, Europe and Japan, each independently developed very similar systems of feudalism, in which vassals held land from lords in exchange for military service. How did the introduction of this livestock change Native Americans lives? New agricultural developments were traded, economic activity and opportunities opened up between the New and Old Worlds, and new ideas were exchanged. Age of Discovery, Columbian Exchange, Europe 789 Words 2 Pages World History 12 September 28, 2012 Columbian Exchange The tomato was originally cultivated by the Aztecs in Central America, and has historic origins that can be traced back to around 700 A. This has brought about both positive and negative effects. The Columbian Exchange was a quite indistinct concept, and developed by a fairly ambiguous individual. There were many positive things that happened as a result of the Columbian exchange.
This was just the beginning of the Old World changing the New World. Therefore, most adults were immune to the disease. The natives had never seen or used European cattle before such as horses, cows, buffalo, and pigs. Because of this, the Europeans uses Native Americans mostly in Latin America to work their plantations in order to get rich due to the newer concept of capitalism. The Columbian Exchange is one of the most significant results of the Age of Exploration and the First Global Age. Entire populations were wiped out by warfare and European diseases like smallpox. All in all, the Columbian Exchange of foodstuffs vastly increased the health and wealth of Europeans and their colonists in the Americas.
Tobacco, an American product, was also carried to. Unequal Exchange: Food for Disease Columbus' ships, and those of the innumerable Europeans who followed him to America, short-circuited millions of years of divergent evolution in the two hemispheres by rapidly introducing Old World plants, animals, and micro-organisms into New World environments, and vice versa. Europe emerged as the most dominant power in the world during the Columbian Exchange. So, when Europeans arrived, they generally found life in the Americas to be at least as healthy as back home. A few of the other plants that took root in the European palate was the cacao bean for chocolate, lima beans, corn, peanuts, pumpkins, squash, cashews, and pineapples. Many of the crops that European explorers brought back from the New World became staples in the Old World, helping to feed millions and leading to a major population boom. Named after the explorer credited for discovering the new world, Christopher Columbus, the Columbian Exchange affected all who were involved directly and indirectly.