The plan was rejected because colonial governmentsbelieved it would usurp their own authority an … d territorial rights. Among them was esteemed citizen Benjamin Franklin. Albany Plan: That they Make all Purchases from the Indians for the Crown, of Lands now not within the Bounds of Particular Colonies or that shall not be within their Bounds when some of them are reduced to more Convenient Dimensions. That within Months after the passing of such Act, The House of Representatives in the Several Assemblies, that Happen to be Sitting within that time or that shall be Specially for that purpose Convened, may and Shall Choose Members for the Grand Council in the following Proportions, that is to say. Delancey, every member consented to this plan, and qualified as he was rather for short altercation than copious debate, he made no great opposition. The speaker should be presented for approbation; it being convenient, to prevent misunderstandings and disgusts, that the mouth of the council should be a person agreeable, if possible, both to the council and the President General.
That they make such Laws as they Judge Necessary for regulating all Indian Trade. It is supposed better that there should be one purchaser than many; and that the crown should be that purchaser, or the union in the name of the crown. That the members of the Grand Council shall be allowed for their service ten shillings sterling per diem, during their session and journey to and from the place of meeting; twenty miles to be reckoned a day's journey. Franklin was desired to make a draught of it as now concluded upon. After careful study of all the available evidence, the present editors believe that neither the Trumbull Short Plan nor the Trumbull Long Plan, with or without the emendations appearing on the manuscripts, represents the text of a paper written before the Albany meeting and presented to the Congress or its committee for consideration.
The British government thought the proposed colonial government was unnecessary and, as such, rejected it. The delegates voted approval of a plan that called for a union of 11 colonies, with a president appointed by the. Even still, the Albany Plan of Union foreshadowed the future unification and independence of these colonies. Twenty miles was set down as a day's journey to allow for accidental hinderances on the road, and the greater expences of travelling than residing at the place of meeting. Copies of the approved plan were sent to Colonial Assemblies and to the British Board of Trade in London.
The Albany Plan would allow all colonials to function as one and it would dictate the taxes, colonial defense, and certain law … s. The plan called for the creation of new layers of government, including a president-general who would be appointed by the Crown and exercise broad powers over relationships with the natives, making war and governing the frontier areas until new colonies were created. Franklin and his fellow delegates left Philadelphia on June 3 and arrived two days later. Gipson has contended that Thomas Hutchinson played a much larger part in the framing of the plan than he has usually been given credit for; that, like Franklin, he had drafted a plan before the Congress met; that this paper was considered by the commissioners; and that many of its provisions and even more of its phraseology appeared in the final text that Franklin presented to the Congress on the morning of July 10, in obedience to the instructions given him the day before. Many of the colonies jealously guarded their own power, and they were worried that they would lose some of their power by establishing a unified, centralized government. A remark made by Franklin in 1789 about the Plan follows.
That there shall be a New Election of Members for the Grand Council every three years; And on the Death or Resignation of any Member his Place shall be Supplyed by a New Choice at the next Sitting of the Assembly of the Colony he represented. Two other differences between the Trumbull plans and the Albany Plan may be significant for the order of composition: 1. But it is not intended that they may interfere with the constitution and government of the particular colonies; who are to be left to their own laws, and to lay, levy, and apply their own taxes as before. The idea was not new to Franklin, who had proposed union as early as 1751. It is proposed that humble application be made for an act of Parliament of Great Britain, by virtue of which one general government may be formed in America, including all the said colonies, within and under which government each colony may retain its present constitution, except in the particulars wherein a change may be directed by the said act, as hereafter follows. Parliament ordered all colonial legislatures which did not rescind the circular letters dissolved. Who shall meet for the first time at the City of Philadelphia, in Pensilvania, being called by the President General as soon as conveniently may be, after his Appointment.
But as, in consequence of this power, one colony might make peace with a nation that another was justly engaged in war with; or make war on slight occasions without the concurrence or approbation of neighbouring colonies, greatly endangered by it; or make particular treaties of neutrality in case of a general war, to their own private advantage in trade, by supplying the common enemy; of all which there have been instances--it was thought better to have all treaties of a general nature under a general direction; that so the good of the whole may be consulted and provided for. Benjamin Franklin, the delegate from Pennsylvania, proposed the Albany plan of union. Relating to American History in the New York Public Library Digital Gallery. Representatives met daily at the in , from June 18 to July 11, 1754, to discuss better relations with the tribes and common defensive measures against the threat from Canada in the opening stage of the , the North American front of the between Great Britain and France. Benjamin Chew 1722-1810: Head of the Pennsylvania Judiciary System under Colony and Commonwealth.
They submitted it with their recommendations, but the legislatures of the seven colonies rejected it, as it would have removed some of their existing powers. No contemporary document has been found that mentions a written plan prepared by Hutchinson or any other person in Massachusetts before the Albany meeting. The Albany Plan which aspired to place the Atlantic Colonies undera more centralized form of government for the purpose of thinkingtogether as one cohesive body as opposed to various unconnectedcolonies. Indeed, that would not happen until well after the submission of the. In the 1750s, the American colonies lacked any true sense of union, and most colonists were still loyal to the British government.
The outcome was the Albany Plan of Union written by Ben Franklin. Fearing that the Indians would ally themselves with France, England's principal rival in North America, the Board directed DeLancey to call a meeting of the colonies and of the Indians, to resolve differences and cement ties. That a quorum of the Grand Council, empowered to act with the President-General, do consist of twenty-five members; among whom there shall be one or more from a majority of the Colonies. The point was to try to enact a treaty to be made in the name of the King, rather than several small, possibly conflicting treaties with the colonies. That the Grand Council have Power to Chuse their Speaker, and shall neither be Dissolved, prorogued nor Continue Sitting longer than Six Weeks at one Time without their own Consent, or the Special Command of the Crown. That within months after the passing such act, the house of representatives that happen to be sitting within that time, or that shall be especially for that purpose convened, may and shall choose members for the grand council, in the following proportion, that is to say, Massachussett's Bay 7 New Hampshire 2 Connecticut 5 Rhode Island 2 New York 4 New Jerseys 3 Pensylvania 6 Maryland 4 Virginia 7 North Carolina 4 South Carolina 4 48 It was thought that if the least colony was allowed two, and the others in proportion, the number would be very great and the expence heavy; and that less than two would not be convenient, as a single person, being by any accident prevented appearing at the meeting, the colony he ought to appear for would not be represented.
That the Particular Military as well as Civil Establishments in each Colony remain in their present State, this General Constitution Notwithstanding. Power of President General and Grand Council. That the particular military as well as civil establishments in each colony remain in their present state, the general constitution notwithstanding; and that on sudden emergencies any colony may defend itself and lay the accounts of expence thence arising before the President General and general council, who may allow and order payment of the same as far as they judge such accounts just and reasonable. Where particular colonies have selfish views, as New York with regard to Indian trade and lands; or are less exposed, being covered by others, as New Jersey, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Maryland; or have particular whims and prejudices against warlike measures in general, as Pensylvania, where the Quakers predominate; such colonies would have more weight in a partial union, and be better able to oppose and obstruct the measures necessary for the general good, than where they are swallowed up in the general union. This similarity is found only in those parts of the last three documents where the framework of the proposed union is the same. It was rejected by Parliament, which in December 1775 passed the American Prohibitory Act forbidding all further trade with the colonies. The plan was never sent to the Crown for approval, although it was submitted to the British , which also rejected it.