Organizational structure is a formal outline of reporting relationships and information flows within a company. There are many reasons for conflict. Or, perhaps the staff employee feels unappreciated. Conflict Resolution Management has several ways to resolve the conflict between line and staff employees. In the line and staff authority all the officials have got independence to make decisions.
The line executive can concentrate on the execution of plans and they get relieved of dividing their attention to many areas. Staff employees provide advice and support to line workers that is intended to help them achieve company objectives. This means that you need to keep everybody organized, so that they are doing their jobs and only their jobs. Staff groups are engaged in tasks that provide support for line groups. Characteristics of Individuals: The final point of distinction between line and staff in some organisations arises from the characteristics of the individuals who are involved. The departmental heads are independent of each other and enjoy equal status. Staff positions consist of staff personnel and staff managers.
Disadvantages of Line Organization 1. Additionally, the finance group maintains the authority to freeze the spending of a line department when it is in danger of operating in the red. Staff authorities, such as those in human resources or a production or inventory manager, most often view the business from a quantitative perspective. There came a problem when trying to transfer this system off of the battlefield and into everyday life. On the other hand, the authority of staff managers is limited to supervising the activities of other staff personnel and advising line managers.
This system was effective in emergency situations such as dealing with riots or major events, but the little things did not need the military ideals. Under type of organisation, the line of authority flows from the top to bottom vertically. The Staff The staff is composed of every non-revenue generating department. The line managers have the following to say about the staff people: i Staff authority undermines line authority and interferes in the work of line managers. He currently heads recruitment sourcing at a major movie studio. Historically the police departments used the military model in organizing their departments because that is what they had knowledge in. Definition of Line and Staff Organization Line and staff organization is the organization that combines the merits of line and functional organization, by adding the functional specialist to the line organization.
Thus, staff groups create the of the organization. Expensive: This type requires the appointment of a large number of experts involving heavy expenditure. It can be easily define and explain to all staff. The planning and investigation which is related to different matters can be done by the staff specialist and line officers can concentrate on execution of plans. Both terms originated in the military. Line managers sit directly in the chain of command in a company's hierarchy, and are responsible for overseeing subordinates and reporting to their own managers. To avoid such conflicts, the best thing stations can do is clear and consistent communication.
In a line organization, top management has complete control, and the chain of command is clear and simple. Therefore, staff authority gives staff personnel the right to offer advice in an effort to improve line operations. The power of command always remains with the line executives and staff supervisors guide, advice and council the line executives. Line employees are usually older and have more experience than staff employees, who are typically younger and better educated with college degrees. Line officers should give due consideration to staff advice.
Some have staff departments focused on providing psychological counseling to officers to deal with the stresses of the job. These positions can include production, marketing and sales. For example, the research and development team creates the products, while the supply chain manufactures them. In order to resolve such complaints committee should be formed to discuss and settle the matters amicably the job description and responsibilities to be clarified in writing to avoid any ambiguity. Alternative names for the line are the business groups or, in the financial services industry, the front office. It needs to be apparent to everyone exactly who has authority over what. This means preventing and investigating crime to create a safer community.
The factors of designations, status influence sentiments which are related to their relation, can pose a distress on the minds of the employees. Organizational structure involves, in addition to task organizational boundary considerations, the designation of jobs within an organization and the relationships among those jobs. There was no other form of organization to base a chart following a chain of command off of. Staff employees are not directly involved in producing and selling activities. The basic of scalar organization is that in any organization there must be a series of superior and subordinates relationship from top organization to the very downward structure of organization. Line Structure: The line structure is defined by its clear chain of command, with final approval on decisions affecting the operations of the company still coming from the top down.
Lack of Coordination- Whatever decisions are taken by the line officials, in certain situations wrong decisions, are carried down and implemented in the same way. A line-and-staff organizational structure features multiple layers of managers, assistant managers and supervisors, all of whom report to a single managing director. About the Author Based in Green Bay, Wisc. Line authority - in which individuals in management positions have the formal power to direct and control immediate subordinates. Three types of authority are present: line, staff, and functional.
All those who do support functions to line functions are called as staff functions. Line personnel carry out the primary activities of a business and are considered essential to the basic functioning of the organization. A variation of the pure line organisation is the departmental line organisation, under which the business enterprise is divided into several departments and the authority flows downward from the General Manger through the departmental managers to the lower subordinates. The following sections refer primarily to line-and-staff structures, although the advantages and disadvantages discussed apply to both types of organizational structures. There is a misinterpretation of expert advice by incompetent line executives. The free form organisation resembles the project and matrix organisation. Every person is crystal clear to whom he is answerable and who are accountable to him.