It plays a significant role in population growth in the history for the past 100 years or more. Some of the more important of these changes include commercialization, increasing division of labour, growth of production, formation of nation-states, bureaucratization, growth of technology and science, secularization, , spread of literacy, increasing geographic and , and growth of organizations. Society is the net-work of social relationship. In the study of social change demographic factors have been viewed from two different angles. This is called planned change. Towns like Kanpur, Jamshedpur and Ahmadabad in India owe their birth to the factories established there.
The distribution of population over various regions, the variations in the population densities, the agricultural production, flora and fauna, the joys and hardships—all indicate a change when a change in the physical environment occurs. Basically the changes in human inter-actions and inter relations, indicate social change. New scientific inventions and technologies always greatly influence the social life. A society which vests great authority in the very old people as classical China did for centuries is likely to be conservative and stable. The invention of the personal computer is a good example.
Some of these factors are shown in the following diagram. Causes of social change culture and conflict causes people server at uncw. The first comes from within a society and culture, and the second from another culture outside of the society. It has revolutionised the whole way of life, institutions, organisations and community life. Technology Some would say that improving technology has made our lives easier. But the demographic factor in its quantitative aspect has been playing the most decisive role in causing social change. So any difference or any modification or transformation in the established pattern of human interaction and standards of conduct amounts to change.
Socio-cultural changes are also brought about by people from other cultures all over the world. Historical background Several ideas of social change have been developed in various and historical periods. Small-scale and short-term changes are characteristic of societies, because customs and norms change, new techniques and technologies are invented, environmental changes spur new , and conflicts result in redistributions of power. These transformations in various social institutions are examples of social change. One is the material and another one is the non-material.
Today we hold a different view. Class conflict and poverty may also result if large urban areas experience loss of jobs. It is the human nature that desires change and also it is his tendency to bring change and to oppose or accept change. These are understood in terms of social processes and social interactions and social organization. Social change is also caused by tension and conflict. Social change, in other words, is possible only by virtue of biological characteristics of the human species, but the nature of the actual changes cannot be reduced to these species traits.
Conversely isolated areas are centers of stability, conservatism and resistance to change. For instance, after independence, the directive principles—equality, fraternity, liberty and justice laid down in our constitution—have not only revolutionised the Indian society but it has even affected greatly the relations between the members of the family. Marriage is held be good for personal comfort. The wider the scope and the longer the time span of planning, the more difficult it is to attain the goals and avoid unforeseen or undesired consequences. So it is treated as an important source or instrument of social change. Demographic Factors: The Demographic factors always influence the process and nature of Social Change.
Example: change of governments; replacing goods and services such as cars, phone service, marriages; change in occupations and careers. Class consciousness and revolution The ideas of both class consciousness and revolution are also central to Marx's theory of social change. Social change which occurs in the natural course is called the unplanned change. It emerged from the mindset of making home loans more available to everyone. This mechanism may explain the succession of fads, fashions, and social movements. Great historic migrations and conquests of the Huns, Vikings and many others have arisen from the pressure of a growing population upon limited resources. The work of Durkheim, Weber, and other social theorists around the turn of the century marked a transition from evolutionism toward more static theories.
Examples of social change include the industrial revolution, the abolition of slavery, the civil rights movement and the women's suffrage movement. Many of these changes have also occurred in non-Western societies. At best, they are approximations of social reality. Historical , as developed by Marx and Engels, is one of the more prominent theories that gives priority to economic processes, but it is not the only one. It is a process in which we always face problems in its conditions, forms, limitations, direction, sources, causes as well as consequences. It has given birth to the factory system and replaced domestic system. Backward practices like female circumcision, wife inheritance, and early marriages are being fought against.
Because in this process one culture gives something to the other and at the same time takes something from it. They also generate new identities and a new perspective. · Temptation to cheat — corporate crimes. Rapid decline of useful animals, birds and plants will also create a number of problems in human society and influences social change. As an agent of war, it brought about the most appalling annihilation of people in Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Migration refers to the process of movement of population from one place to another for considerable period of time. Since most new traits come through diffusion, those societies in closest contact with other societies are likely to change most rapidly. Population growth and production growth are known to follow this pattern over certain time frames. In fact, they eerily contend it most certainly will, because Congress decided against fixing the problem of too big to fail institutions when it had the opportunity to do so p. Climates change, soil erodes and lakes gradually turn into swamps and finally plains. Urbanization creates multiple problems like slum, quality of health and life style. Singing, dancing, eating, playing belong to the category of culture.