I mean the law facilitates abortion so perhaps duty isn't useful here. A Kantian presumably would say that no one should adopt a rule for themselves regarding abortion that could not also be a universal rule. In United States of America, one third of the women before the age of forty-five, have abortions. If there were a low in the amount of babies being born because of abortions it would damage society as a whole because we need people to sustain society. Secondly, no one knows for sure what level of pain is inflicted through the procedure, especially in the later stages of pregnancy.
To help decipher this moral dilemma, moral…. They want a better world where everyone is happy and think if themselves on how to make themselves happy and also how to make other people happy 4. It also emphasises the ends of abortion over its means; so it judges the rightness of abortion by the end result, possible pleasure, it produces. Utility is the good, and the good is often taken to mean pleasure. As with many ethical responses, the status of the foetus affects the response you give. There are people spread across both sides of the argument whose opinions vary in intensity and depend on different sources of information to back up their points of view.
Classics of Political and Moral Philosophy. However, there are some criticisms of deontological ethics. This is not a trick question. He used the Hedonistic Calculus Theory as a way to determine which pleasures are of the greatest good and should be pursued by others Nussbaum, 2004. The major influence is social circumstances.
There are also many different methods of abortion. However, the connection is complex. This is an important concept to hold and brings a much heated debate on abortion that will surely require much attention in the future. For Mill, whether an act is morally right or not, depends on the pleasure and pain that lies in the consequences of that action. An example would be an individual throwing their garbage into the ocean.
John Stuart mill on abortion John Stuart mill is known as father of utilitarian view and it is not possible to understand the issue in Toto without seeing his view on the issue of abortion. Act utilitarianism, in contrast, maintains that the morality of each action is determined in relation to the favorable and unfavorable consequences that come from the act Waller, 2008. The week might be largely relieved. Otherwise, the excision of population ethics from current utilitarian discussion of abortion is easily explainable by the implicit assumption that we are not at a clearly suboptimal population size. Mill held many views on abortion and morality but more importantly he set into motion the fact that pleasure and pain is not necessarily a set factor and can be calculated by each individual. Overall, the calculus gave the principle reason and allowed people to understand what was classed as a morally correct act in terms of 'happiness'.
It would be inefficacious to legally prohibit and punish citizens for unintentional acts or omissions resulting in misfortune unless, of course, the citizen was negligent. It is their preferences that make the difference. When using the utilitarian consequential principle of ethics, we establish a set of general morals and rules in which we can apply to every moral question based upon our utilitarian findings. Since that text seems to not be reproduced anywhere but random blogs, it seems like something just made up off the top of the site owner's head. I am doing perfectly fine in the class myself; however, someone requested that I be present.
Words: 1910 - Pages: 8. If the act is not covered by any such laws or practices, or the existing laws or practices have no utilitarian justification, then its moral status must be decided on act-utilitarian grounds. A complete different scenario on the abortion is that it is absolutely moral and legal because it is the discretion of the woman to decide about her body and she should have the right of abortion if she considers it good for her. Act utilitarianism is the view that each individual action should maximise utility. Whether you find yourself agreeing with it or not, many people have something to say. In the third scenario, abortion is considered illegal because except in the exceptional situation of rape. As philosophical issues are often complicated and have potentially thousands of years of research to sift through, knowing when someone is an expert in a given area can be important in helping understand and weigh the given evidence.
Along with these concepts abortion can also be viewed through the eyes of the utilitarian approach to ethics which focuses on both pleasure and pain and the ability to maximize pleasure over pain. They may consider it offending and unnecessary interfering in their personal life if they are prevented or advised to not receive abortion. It is a duty based ethics because the set rules bind individuals to their normal duties and as such the consequences do not matter but instead compliance is what matters… these decisions is called deontological ethics. Well, if the foetus wasn't a person yet, then yes they might. This formulation introduces the concept of doing something for the right reason not for an ulterior motive. Abortion rights are different depending on which country they live in.
Though not fully articulated until the 19th century, proto-utilitarian positions can be discerned throughout the history of ethical theory. Hare tries to show that Kant's moral theory contains utilitarian elements and it can be properly asked if Kant could have been a utilitarian, though in fact he was not. On the other hand, it also provides a social critique of our treatment, for example, of the poor living in underdeveloped countries and of non-human animals suffering due to our inhumane practices. It also does not take into account the number of people it affects — it only considers the amount of happiness. However I will induct a constructive alteration that emancipates Act Utilitarianism from these….