# Univocal terms in logic. More examples of equivocal terms in logic 2019-01-17

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## UNIVOCAL

By denoting a term brings us an object or idea. Bread baked grain and yeast or the money we need to buy it 3. Similarly we can form concepts of 'not-man', 'not-white'. A frequent way in which terms are thus restricted, is by mentioning the time and place to which reference is made. Latin also possesses a word aut for exclusive or â€” A or B but not both. In these tables, the components are simply.

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## Univocal

Let us assume that in a 1000 line program, if there should be an instruction, which multiplies two numbers and is wrongly written to perform addition. This distinction first appears in the works of the Arabian commentators on Aristotle. Many proper names indeed once had a meaning. Hence Logic is wholly concerned with Second Intentions : and it was not without cause that the medieval logicians defined it simply as the Science of Second Intentions. And is not 'John Smith' in all probability the proper name of not a few negroes? Slang words depend on thelanguage used, country or area, ethnic background, subculture, andspecific occupation or part of society - in o â€¦ ther words, everyonehas their own slang.

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## 25 examples of univocal terms in logic

Thus 'man,' 'soldier,' 'Englishman,' 'white,' 'black,' are affirmed of each of the objects to which they are applied. It is used to add clarity and detail to your writing. Socrates, Plato, Peter, Paul are each of them termed man. But even when a connotation is susceptible of change, these changes are not arbitrary. He argues that we do not speak of God univocally, because words when applied to God do not have the same meaning as when they are applied to a person.

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## The TERM in Logic

Formal Logic â€” this is centered on the operation of the mind from the point of view of correct thinking. He claimed that being is univocal, i. The denotation consists of the real objects expressed by the concepts. Everything, no matter what it be, whether it be matter or spirit, real or unreal, is either white or not white. A Substance is a thing which can possess independent existence, as e. In order to preserve relations between statements, we need a formal system which can formalize the parts of statements. Yo - greeting, hello, attention-getting word.

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## Logic & Philosophy of Language 2

We have already explained what are the grounds, on which Logic takes cognizance of the Concept. When a term does not involve a correlative, it is known as Absolute. For Connotative names primarily signify the characteristic or quality, and secondarily the individual object to which they are applied. Now I can conceive Peter, without thinking of him as a brother: his brotherhood may be altogether outside my mind's field of vision. A Relative term is one, which, over and above the object it denotes, implies in its signification another object also receiving a name from the same fact which is the ground of the first name. It is frequently given as a rule that, 'As connotation 'increases, denotation decreases and as denotation 'increases, connotation decreases.

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## More examples of equivocal terms in logic

A Non-connotative Term is one which denotes a subject only, or an attribute only. The English language, perhaps even more than others, is lacking in this scientific precision. The expression has been adopted by the English language to describe all instances where two terms contradict each other. It is requisite to a Collective term that the objects should be capable of being considered from some point of view common to all. Some terms that would be recognizedby any American would include. The definitions given by Mill are as follows: A Connotative Term is one which denotes a subject and implies an attribute. What the output is doesn't have anything to do with what the previous out â€¦ put was.

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## Univocal

Example, The lady in red walking down the street. An Equivocal Term, on the other hand, is one which can be used to express two entirely different meanings, as e. I thought about this listening to Mr. Computer the machine or a person who works figures Five equivocal terms: 1. There were no eyewitnesses, and the physical evidence seemed equivocal. It really is just that simple. Whinge - to complain or whine.

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## UNIVOCAL

These various uses of the term were termed by the Latin logicians its suppositiones, from supponere, 'to stand for'. Science only calls on us to alter the connotation of a term, when it has found some more fundamental characteristic, in relation to which, those hitherto reckoned as its connotation are merely derivative. Our mind has the ability and function to abstract the common qualities or features present in some things perceived by our senses. The opposition which exists between Repugnant terms, e. Every term which possesses both these features is termed Connotative.

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## The Name and the Term

In other words the concept of the circle is universal: the phantasm is singular. This concept is applicable to every circle that ever was drawn. I was told by my logic professor that only a few dozen people in the world, including himself, really understand this proof in its entirety. Compare which is a constant reference to a domain object. These three categories label the signification of the term.

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