Underdeveloped countries have also a shorter life expectancy which means a smaller fraction of their population is available as effective labour force. The middle income countries, which are little bit more developed than low income countries, give shelter to nearly 48. Workers and employers in this sector are well organised. The First World consists of the Western developed countries whereas the erstwhile Communist Countries led by Soviet Russia were referred to as the Second World. Todaro classifies these common characteristics into six broad categories: Indian economy possesses all the characteristics common to underdeveloped or developing countries. Here is the list of top ten most underdeveloped countries. State of the World's Children 2006 reports that 54% of Afghan children under age five suffer from stunted growth, and 39% are moderately or severely underweight.
In fact, hunger and its consequences are major health problems in Timor-Leste. Not only the stock of capital will be small, but also the rate at which it is being formed will be low. Open sewers spread that can cause severe illness or death, especially in children. En efecto, el Convenio autoriza a los países cuya economía no haya alcanzado un nivel de desarrollo suficiente a hacerse cargo de al menos tres de las nueve categorías. Low Level of Income 2. It is a country lacking in factories of its own.
Aside from the obvious difficulties facing poor families who cannot afford treatment or prevention, the wider effects of frequent epidemics include impeded market activity and tourism industries as traders and potential tourists avoid areas with heavy infection rates. In August 1999, 75% percent of Timorese voters chose independence, but in September an anti-independence front of militias rampaged through the country, burning three-quarters of the houses and destroying most of the infrastructure, schools, and utility systems. These countries range in size from Bangladesh, which has 130 million people, to Tuvalu with 11,000. The countries which appear in the following list are all facing a very complicated economic outlook and are plagued by a serious lack of infrastructure. Africa is typically discussed as two distinct regions: northern Africa—the area north of the Sahara Desert that is inhabited mostly by Arabic-speaking people whose ancestors come from the —and sub-Saharan Africa, the area south of the desert, in which many different tribes and nationalities live. Lack of technical know-how and poor scientific advancement and obsolete technique, combined with poor entrepreneurship would result in poor quality products.
This advanced sector of the economy accounts for a small part of the whole economy. Mass poverty and illiteracy combined with caste systems, religious beliefs, etc. In the early twenty-first century some countries have seen marked improvements in access to education and literacy among children. At present, the annual growth rate of population according to 2001 census stands at 2. It usually has insufficient roads and rail-roads, insufficient government services and poor communication.
It is small state split by ethnic and political conflicts. The natural growth rate of population in these countries is very high due to its prevailing high birth rate and falling death rate. Economic growth in a capitalist economy has a tendency to increase disparities in income distribution. In addition, the infection's resistance to the most effective and affordable antimalarial drug, chloroquine, is high in African countries, and resistance to the second most commonly used drug, sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine, is growing. Poor technology and lower skills are responsible for inefficient and insufficient production which leads to poverty of masses. Utilities, however, have not been fully restored: electricity in particular remains unavailable in much of the country, especially rural areas. Technical Backwardness: The state of technology in the underdeveloped countries is backward.
The World Development Report 2007 of the World Bank has classified the various countries of the world on the basis of its per capita Gross National Product G. Monetary and fiscal measures of regulation are not very effective. The number of nomadic schools rose from 329 in 1990 to 1,098 in 1997. Burundi : Burundi has the most underdeveloped nation in the world. Only one province had near 100% toilet access. The various estimates made by different committees indicate that the inequalities of income and wealth have widened rather than narrowed as a result of planned economic development in India. An underdeveloped economy is an economy in which the available stock of goods is not sufficient to employ the total available labour force on the basis of modern technique of production.
The per capita incomes of some developing and developed countries are given in Table 39. What is more serious is that the number of unemployed is on the increase. During the violence that followed the independence referendum, 95% of schools were destroyed, and 20% of primary school teachers and 80% of teachers fled the country. According to a survey by the United Nations Department of Economic Affairs in 1949 real capital per worker in Asia and Far East excluding Japan was only 10 per cent of the Not only is the capital stock extremely but the current nile of formation is also very low. At present, the annual growth rate of population according to 2001 census stands at 2.
In short, there will be market towns and cities with factories, banks, business houses, swimming pools, colleges and five-star hotels. The heavy concentration in agriculture is a symptom of poverty. Only 4% of the rural population has access to safe water, sanitation, and electricity, versus almost 50% of urban dwellers. This is because the people do not produce enough surplus to trade with, sometimes not even producing a surplus at all. This is because lack of capital is not the only cause of under-development and poverty. Nonetheless, access to education is limited and schools remain substandard.
Late in September peacekeeping forces from Australia entered Timor-Leste to end the violence. Regional Overview: Sub-Saharan Africa reports that rates of adult literacy in Africa range from below 40% in Benin, , Chad, Mali, Niger, Senegal, and to more than 90% in Seychelles and Zimbabwe. In a country where most girls have no options for higher education or careers, educating them seems like a waste of time and money that could be better spent elsewhere. The infrastructure and the industrial sectors in the region are in decline. They are not equipped to deal with natural disasters, their economies consist primarily of subsistence farming, and the health and education services suffer from a serious lack in funding. Well economy does have something to do with money so its a no brainier.