The difference between them is that footnotes are put at the bottom of the page where the source is referenced, whereas endnotes are put at the end of the chapter if your article is divided into chapters or at the end of the whole article. You should always use heading levels in this order, beginning with Level 1. If the quotation is more than four lines long, then use the block quotation format. George Washington Williams: A Biography. One inch is equivalent to 10 spaces.
The first time a work is mentioned in a note, the entry should include: the author's full name, the title of the work, the specific reference i. For more examples, see pages 177-203 in Turabian. Also note that for quotations within quotations, we change from double to single quotation marks 'mad emperors' above. This can get tedious and decrease the readability of the text. I decided I liked photography in opposition to the Cinema, from which I nonetheless failed to separate it. If you use only an attribution phrase such as notes, claims, argues, or according to along with the author's name, end the phrase with a comma.
If a line of poetry is longer than the length of the page, continue on the next line, but indent another quarter inch. Introduce the quotation in your own words in the text. If you are continuing in the same paragraph, remove the indentations and keep your normal margins. Block quotations in the text should also be separated from the rest of the text by a blank line before and after the quotation. It converts the main idea of a source, a few pages, or a few paragraphs into this brief, condense review. Lavender also decreased the amount of time it took for subjects to fall asleep in clinical studies.
You may either spell out the name of the version, at least in the first reference, or you may use abbreviations without preceding or internal punctuation. . For example, if you cited the quotation above as a fact rather than a legend about Nero, you'd be misrepresenting the original author's intention. Do not simply quote it as a stand-alone sentence. Know the difference between primary and secondary sources, and try to use as many primary sources as possible.
Use a block quote for quotations longer than 3 to 4 lines. If the original source uses ellipses, you can include a note to avoid confusion and use brackets to separate your ellipses from others. If the paragraph is more than 4 lines, use a block quote. When you are writing an article on a truly interesting topic, it is very easy to get carried away and pay attention only to the brilliant content, forgetting about such small details as formatting. Bibliography entries also place the family name first followed by a comma and then the first name i.
Sad as it may seem, this is how the things go. This article was co-authored by. Put a comma or a colon at the end of this phrase. We will make sure that every paper of your is polished to perfection. Read the entire source carefully if possible. Our highly qualified editors will be more than happy to reach out with a helping hand. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985.
Individuals who were exposed had lower heart rates and blood pressure compared to the control group. Christopher Taylor is an Adjunct Assistant Professor of English at Austin Community College in Texas. This means for a second paragraph, the first word will actually be ten spaces from your margin. Remember to also include the sources that have influenced your work even if you have not cited them. If the reference has already been cited, but not in the reference immediately preceding, then there are two options: A. Chapter and verse are separated by a colon.
When the quote ends, start a new line to keep writing your paper. Introduce the quote with a short sentence. If it is long enough, a paper may require chapters with subdivisions. You do not need to use quotation marks for the quote. The block quote should also be double-spaced like the rest of your paper. This still works in Microsoft Word 2013 as well as Office 365. You may use either list, but be consistent throughout your paper.