As long as the line connected to water sources, it would have lower passes and a longer working season. Today the rail line moves through a far different countryside. Pacific Railroad Bond, City and County of San Francisco, 1865 After 1864, the Central Pacific Railroad received the same Federal financial incentives as the Union Pacific Railroad, along with some construction bonds granted by the state of California and the city of San Francisco. When Dodge took command, he was given a job as transfer agent out of Omaha. A was obtained with the purchase of the , crossing the and proceeding southwest through to , where it crossed the by means of an enormous , followed the shores of the and bays to and the paralleling which ultimately became. After the first few days of trial with a few workers, with noticeably positive results, Crocker decided to hire as many as he could, looking primarily at the California labor force, where the majority of Chinese worked as independent gold miners or in the service industries e.
The summit tunnel Number 6 , 1,660 feet 510 m , was started in late 1865, well ahead of the railhead. Department of State, Office of the Historian. The right-of-way roughly followed the North Fork of the American River as it passed through Colfax, Dutch Flat, and Emigrant Gap before reaching Summit Tunnel tunnel 6 near present-day Norden. The mountains required tunneling, a slow, expensive, and dangerous process. He had a lobbying office in the , received an audience with President , and represented the Convention before Congress. Archived from on May 5, 2012.
A snapshot of workers in late 1865 showed about 3,000 Chinese and 1,700 white workers employed on the railroad. The completion of the transcontinental railroad made the American West easily accessible, creating a boon of trade, business and population. It was finished in August of 1867 a full year since it had all began August 27, 1866. The crew of the Union Pacific, which was composedlargely of Irish immigrants and veterans, had to contend with and the Rocky Mountains. The Kansas Pacific became part of the Union Pacific in 1880. Gives insights to travel in the late 1880s on the transcontinental railroad. Once believed to be too frail to perform arduous manual labor, the Chinese workers accomplished amazing and dangerous feats no other workers would or could do.
Austin, Chapter 17: Railroad Policy pp. It was little more than a collection of partying, gambling, drinking, and promiscuous behavior enabling workers to relax after a hard day's work. Union Pacific responded by increasing security and by hiring marksmen to kill bison commonly known as American buffalo which were both a physical threat to trains and the primary food source for the Plains Indians. Now, we have hundreds of thousands of miles of rail connecting major cities across the country, but this was not the case two hundred years ago. The Union Pacific initially took over the Southern Pacific in 1901 but was forced by the to divest it because of monopoly concerns.
The charge during the first week of operation was a dollar a word, which was higher than the 30 cents specified by the Telegraph Act of 1860. One year into the , a Republican-controlled Congress passed the Pacific Railroad Act 1862 , guaranteeing public land grants and loans to the two railroads it chose to build the transcontinental line, the Union Pacific and the Central Pacific. Clement went on to design and also using the line , and also worked on many urban and lines. The report failed however to include detailed of potential routes needed to estimate the feasibility, cost and select the best route. At least 15,000 patents were issued annually during this period and 45,661 patents were issued in 1897.
The crew had the formidabletask of laying the track crossing California's and had to blast fifteen to accomplish this. The Central Pacific company had thirty locomotives gayly decked rangedon the city front, and at the signal of a gun announcing the driving ofthe last spike on the road the locomotives opened a chorus of whistles,and all the bells and steam whistles in the city joined. In your opinion, how should the U. After securing the finances and selecting the engineering team, the next step was to hire the key personnel and prospective supervisors. Many of these steam engines, railroad cars, and other machinery were shipped dismantled and had to be reassembled. Leland Stanford, governor of California and president of the Central Pacific Railroad, drove in the last spike.
The railroad established many townships along the way: , , , , and as the railroad followed the Platte River across Nebraska territory. Many conflicts arose as the railroad project continued westward, and the military was brought in to fight Native American tribes. Among the cooks serving the film's cast and crew between shots were some of the Chinese laborers who worked on the Central Pacific section of the railroad. Lincoln won almosthalf a million votes more than Douglas, his closest rival, and he won theelection garnering 39. Jul 1, 1862 Pacific Railway Act Lincoln signs the Pacific Railway Act, authorizing the Central Pacific to build a California line east from Sacramento and establishing the Union Pacific Railroad Company with a mandate to build west from the Missouri River. He invited Judah to his office to hear his proposal in detail.
Nearly all other tunnels were worked on both tunnel faces and met in the middle. Louis, and Davenport, Iowa into Chicago. Transcontinental Railroad: The Pacific Railroads T he Transcontinental Railroad was one of the Pacific Railroads. The Southern Route and the Gadsden PurchaseCalifornia became a U. As tourists began streaming west, some amused themselves during the long journey by shooting bison from the windows of their rail cars.
Although Strobridge was initially against the idea, feeling that the Chinese were too slight in stature for the demanding job, he agreed to hire 50 men on a trial basis. The Union Pacific Railroad only managed to lay 40 miles of track by the end of 1865, but with the Civil War drawing to a close, they could finally build a workforce equal to the task at hand. The 1939 movie is said to have inspired the Western television series starring , and which aired in syndication from 1958 until 1959. Construction began in 1870 and the main line opened all the way from the to the on September 8, 1883. Who funded and financed the Transcontinental Railroad? Unfortunately, as with everything in Washington, both then and now, Congress was slow to act There were many doubters and Judah was severely handicapped by not having the necessary materials needed to convince naysayers.