The narrative outlines the children's activities, including sneaking around the Radley house, finding presents left in the tree, discovering the hole has been filled with cement, and watching Miss Maudie's house burn down. It becomes very apparent in this section that Jem is becoming further distanced from Scout in terms of growing up. Chapter 16 opens with the start of Tom Robinson's trial. Later, she asks Atticus what the phrase means, and he explains that he has decided to defend a black man named , who lives in a settlement behind the town dump. After the service, Reverend Syke's takes up a collection of money for Tom Robinson's wife, who has not been able to find work since her husband was brought up on charges of raping a white woman. Atticus tells the children to stay out of the situation, and Aunt Alexandra agrees.
Atticus does not brag about his strengths or talents, he simply uses them when necessary. Bob Ewell takes the witness stand next, and Scout gives some background information about his family. Jem told Dill that he needed to let his mom know that he was there and that he thought his parents would have been worried sick. One evening, the sheriff stops by the house with a group of men from town. When Scout asked what rape is, Cal instructed her to ask Atticus. It is a gift for Jem, who is angered by the gesture.
He's much older than the parents of her peers, which makes it difficult for him to take part in such activities. One of the men tells Atticus that he needs to make his children leave, and he obviously means this as a threat. The kids are not pleased by the news, having no idea that they have been behaving improperly. Atticus then takes Scout and the other children home. A group of men gets out, and one demands that Atticus move away from the jailhouse door. During a break between Sunday school and services the next day, Scout sees Atticus standing with another group of men. He took a train from Meridian to Maycomb Junction, fourteen miles away, and covered the remaining distance on foot and on the back of a cotton wagon.
The next day, they are horrified to discover that someone has filled their hole up with cement. The now mature Jem leads Scout and Dill into town on the night that Atticus faces the lynch mob. As Atticus points out, Tom's left hand is useless because it was damaged in a cotton gin when he was young. They realize that must have slipped the blanket over Scout while she and Jem were engrossed by the fire. Instead, he goes so far as to say he pitied her.
Scout also asked why Tom Robinson is in jail, and Cal explained that accused Tom of raping his daughter, Mayella Ewell, so Tom was thrown in jail. She is not sure if they should be going to church by themselves and decides that they should come with her on Sunday. The end of the month arrives and Mrs. For Christmas, Jem and Scout both get air rifles and are extremely pleased. They spend more time going into town, which requires them to pass the house of Miss Dubose, who never misses an opportunity to shout at the children. These exchanges show that Jem is maturing and becoming more aware of the world around him.
They return home and gloomily await Atticus's return, knowing that they will be in trouble. Though she initially assumes Atticus is reprimanding Jem for disobeying him, she sees Atticus affectionately reach out and pat Jem's hair. When they arrive home, they discover Aunt Alexandra sitting on their porch. Jem refuses, and one of the men tells Atticus that he has fifteen seconds to get his children to leave. Calpurnia has to stay with the children and take full care of them in his absence.
Analysis: Chapters 14—15 If Aunt Alexandra embodies the rules and customs of the adult world, then the reappearance of Dill at this juncture offers Scout an opportunity to flee, at least for a short time, back into the comforts of childhood. He then ran for the sheriff. He warns the men that Heck Tate is nearby, but they counter that they have called him away on a 'snipe hunt'. He took a train from Meridian to Maycomb Junction, fourteen miles away, and covered the remaining distance on foot and on the back of a cotton wagon. Again, the events of Chapter 11 help underscore the severe racial intolerance of many of the townspeople, and the extreme ostracizing the Finches undergo in the name of maintaining good conscience.
Mayella Ewell is clearly very different from her father, and she has suffered a seemingly endless torrent of physical, sexual, and verbal abuse throughout her lifetime. These parallel struggles of individual identity against communal tradition - Atticus's preservation of his own morals and Scout's preservation of her own idea of what it means to be a girl - suggest that though Atticus's fight for justice is very difficult and lonely, the process of growing up as a tomboy in the 1930s South could be equally painful and lonely at times, and certainly contributed to Scout's strong character development. After all, as we've seen in the novel so far, people are often defined by the attributes of their families. The following evening, Atticus goes into town, and Jem, Scout, and Dill follow him. Uncle Jack comes upstairs to have a talk with her about her language.
On the way home, in a sudden fit of anger, Jem suddenly grabs Scout's baton, cuts off all the tops of Mrs. Chapter 12 As Jem grows older he also grows moodier, leaving Scout to spend more time with Calpurnia. Radley must have a good reason for plugging up the hole. Later, she tries to convince Atticus to get rid of Calpurnia, saying that they no longer need her. After Atticus reassures Tom that they are gone and will not return, we learn that Mr.
Despite the fact that Mayella has doomed him a likely terrible sentence, he does not criticize her. Aunt Alexandra, meanwhile, takes over the Finch household and imposes her vision of social order. To top it all off, Atticus had to go to an emergency session of the state legislature. However, though materially poor, the congregation displays a richness in human and spiritual dignity. Atticus wants the children to see that though many of the townspeople are ignorant and racist, they also have personal strengths and are not fundamentally bad people. Lee presents Lula's anger at Calpurnia and the children as wholly wrong—as just another form of prejudice.