First, there is the great natural barrier, the void, the space, which separates man from the stars. So he deceives his very close friend by giving a false statement without admitting his crime. It focuses onacting on ones conviction in order to arrive at personal truth. This book tries to bring out something sustainable and composite on three major thematic concerns of Arun Joshis fictional world which were not explored with all critical fairness by scholars and critics till date. There also he assumes his usual role of a stranger. Of a large host: my father, my mother, the brigadier, the unknown dead of the war, of those whom I harmed, with deliberation and with cunning, of all those who have been the victims of my cleverness, those whom I could have helped and did not.
He temporarily left teaching in 1940 to join the Royal Navy. Threatened by a bleak future, without influential connections, Ratan undergoes a profound change. Sindi, the protagonist who is representative of modern man, provided with all sorts of technological advancements places himself in a despair and detachment. The humiliation, starvation and the physical trauma brought him to despair and to the verge of collapse. Suffering in both these stories come in different forms such as emotional, physical, and mental. His journey of fictional works is characterized by a sense of alienation and existential predicament. But then, whatdifference would it have made if I had lived in Kenya or India or any other place for that matter! But the theme of the novel is again the same.
Arun Joshi, in his second novel The Strange Case of Billy Biswas presents two different faces of woman living in two different sections of Indian society- modern civilized society and age-old primitive society. The sense of self-alienation deepens his longing for detachment. No doubt poverty is a fertile soil for breeding crime, but it is seen in both the rich and the bourgeoisie of the pre-independence and the post-independence periods, who will do anything to gratify their indulgent lust for money. Even though multi-national publishers like had entered the publishing space in India, Arun Joshi stuck with Orient all his life. The present paper examines theme of existentialism in the novels of Arun Joshi. Alienation is defined as emotional isolation or dissociation from others. One had to make a living.
In addition to that, some philosophers started exploring the terms like Freedom, Absurdity, Alienation, Authenticity so on. It will serve the purpose of students, researchers, university teachers, and will certainly appeal to those interested in Indian English Literature. He is aware of his rootlessness. If men forgot how to make deals the world would come to a stop. He repeated it to himself many times, whenever he was on the brink of plunging himself into any sort of involvement. According to Arun Joshi, the puzzles and contradictions of life cannot but be resolved through faith. Joshi lived a reclusive life and generally avoided publicity.
His alienation is of the soul and not of geography. But in The Apprentice we comprehend that Joshi was equally influenced by the Gandhian philosophy of social service as well as the karmic principles of Bhagvad Gita. The hero makes an honest confession, without hiding or manoeuvring any detail that would reflect his hypocrisy, treachery, debauchery and finally degeneration. The novel commences with a very strong accountof the human and natural association of these two Indian students in America. There is only chaos, confusion anarchy in social life.
William received his early education at the school his father ran, Marlborough Grammar School. His father hoped he would become a scientist, but William opted to study English literature instead. Rathor was obsessed more by his honour than by magnitude of his crime. His restlessness, the mental agencies that he suffers and his own predicament compel him to think as such. Notwithstanding unprecedented scientific and technological advancements, which have added immensely to his physical pleasures and comforts, the contemporary man is doomed to find himself in a tragic mess. He also highlights the distressed caused by confusion of values generated by materialistic and corrupt society.
While he tries to preserve his identity, he is terrified with the fear of being possessed. In the succeeding pages the novels ofArun Joshi in their chronological sequence have been analysed with special reference to the existential andalienation. There were many laws, she said, but money was law unto itself. Ratan realises that one could not reform the world, but oneself. Joshi has been influenced by existential thinkers like Camus, Sartre and this can be observed in his novels.
He has formed his own ideas regarding life. He feels alienated in the bourgeois society. He has tried to highlight some of the constant metaphysical and ethical questions. Victor leaves his family in his. I have no system of morality.
In the middle of the novel. Ultimately, this reading will attempt to access an understanding of the hierarchy of significations that inform our hermeneutic experience of narrative self-identity. The Papers Contain Original Approaches And Insights And The Interviews Bring Out Interesting And, In Some Cases, Hitherto Unknown Information. But he has chosen Gandhian way to expiate his guilt by polishing the shoe in front of the Krishna temple. All his novels stand as an emblematic of Existentialism. This process of transfiguration, that is, withdrawal from and return to life leads them to purification and perfection. The Apprentice is narrated in a confessional tone.
However in the process of discovery of self there are magical moments when the individual sees congruence between social morality and individual consciousness. The writer reveals his instinctive capability to articulate the emotions, struggles, and feelings of Indians. Thus the prominent characters in the novel, suffer from existential predicament for different reasons. An insatiable hunger drives him. His areas of specialization are Translation Studies, Indian Writing in English, British Literature, American Literature, Canadian Literature, Comparative Literature and Diasporic Literature.