Happy Independence Day to you all. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shown that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they were accustomed. It is binding over all the globe, in all countries and at all times; no human laws are of any validity if contrary to this, and such of them as are valid derive all their force, and all their validity, and all their authority, mediately and immediately, from this original; therefore, Resolved, That such laws as conflict, in any way, with the true and substantial happiness of woman, are contrary to the great precept of nature and of no validity, for this is superior in obligation to any other. What Was the Seneca Falls Convention? Thus we can compare the Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions to the Declaration of Independence. Resolved, that woman is man's equal, was intended to be so by the Creator, and the highest good of the race demands that she should be recognized as such. How do you think the rhetoric in the speech caused the men of the time to react? Resolved, That the women of this country ought to be enlightened in regard to the laws under which they -live, that they may no longer publish their degradation, by declaring themselves satisfied with their present position, nor their ignorance, by asserting that they have all the rights they want.
Lucretia and James Mott were active in the abolitionist and womens rights reform movements. Analyze in detail how a complex primary source is structured, including how key sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text contribute to the whole. We hope this Convention will be followed by a series of Conventions, embracing every part of the country. Here, too, was the first pronouncement demanding that women be given the right to vote. Determine an author's point of view or purpose in a text in which the rhetoric is particularly effective, analyzing how style and content contribute to the power, persuasiveness or beauty of the text. In the end, the women were not permitted to speak or vote on resolutions. Elizabeth Cady Stanton was a mother of seven children and leader of the 19th-century women The Seneca Falls Convention of 1848 launched an organized American women's movement separate from the anti-slavery movement.
Sixty-eight women and 32 men, including , signed the Declaration of Sentiments, although many eventually withdrew their names because of the intense ridicule and they received after the document was made public. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shown that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they were accustomed. Now, in view of this entire disfranchisement of one-half the people of this country, their social and religious degradation — in view of the unjust laws above mentioned, and because women do feel themselves aggrieved, oppressed, and fraudulently deprived of their most sacred rights, we insist that they have immediate admission to all the rights and privileges which belong to them as citizens of the United States. From a resolution by Angelina Grimke adopted at the female antislavery convention of 1837. The final copy was signed , many of whom were the husbands or family members of women present.
Now, in view of this entire disfranchisement of one-half the people of this country, their social and religious degradation, in view of the unjust laws above mentioned, and because women do feel themselves aggrieved, oppressed, and fraudulently deprived of their most sacred rights, we insist that they have immediate admission to all the rights and privileges which belong to them as citizens of the United States. He has made her, if married, in the eye of the law, civilly dead. We shall employ agents, circulate tracts, petition the state and national legislatures, and endeavor to enlist the pulpit and the press in our behalf. It was based on the Declaration of Independence. His Essays on Human Rights, and Their Political Guaranties, published in 1845, is an extreme statement of inalienable individual rights, informed by phrenology and legal history and laced with sarcasm. He has made her, morally, an irresponsible being, as she can commit many crimes with impunity, provided they be done in the presence of her husband. The convention was organized by Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, two Quakers whose concern for women's rights was aroused when Mott was denied a seat at an international antislavery meeting in London because she was a woman.
This experience convinced Elizabeth Cady Stanton and her friend Lucretia Mott, who also attended the London convention, of the need to address 'the present condition of woman. He has never permitted her to exercise her inalienable right to the elective franchise. The driving forces behind the gathering were feminists Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Ironically, even when women did gain the right to vote in 1920, women of color were largely precluded from voting by racist local laws until enforcement of the. Resolved, that the equality of human rights results necessarily from the fact of the identity of the race in capabilities and responsibilities. There were just 100 signatures from among the estimated 300 who were present and heard it read.
The delegates adopted a statement of women's rights, deliberately modeled on the Declaration of Independence, as well as a series of resolutions calling for women's suffrage and the reform of marital and property laws that kept women in an inferior status. In 1807 women lost the right to vote in New Jersey, the last state to revoke the right. Around the same time in New York, where Stanton lived, legal reformers had been discussing equality and challenging state laws prohibiting married women from owning property. Wright, , and Mary Ann McClintock met to assemble the agenda for the meeting along with the speeches that would be made. Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments The feminist political movement began in the nineteenth century with the call for female suffrage. He has monopolized nearly all the profitable employments, and from those she is permitted to follow, she receives but a scanty remuneration. He has made her, if married, in the eye of the law, civilly dead.
So all in all I say this resolution has partially come true. Such has been the patient sufferance of the women under this government, and such is now the necessity which constrains them to demand the equal station to which they are entitled. In entering upon the great work before us, we anticipate no small amount of misconception, misrepresentation, and ridicule; but we shall use every instrumentality within our power to effect our object. Both political conventions also generate plenty of press on their seating chart each year; in 2008, for example, the Democratic Party drew attention for giving swing state delegates at the Denver convention. In the History of Woman's Suffrage, vol. Resolved, That woman is man's equal—was intended to be so by the Creator, and the highest good of the race demands that she should be recognized as such. He has usurped the prerogative of Jehovah himself, claiming it as his right to assign for her a sphere of action, when that belongs to her conscience and to her God.
Reactions to the Seneca Falls Convention In New York and across the U. Resolved, that inasmuch as man, while claiming for himself intellectual superiority, does accord to woman moral superiority, it is preeminently his duty to encourage her to speak and teach, as she has an opportunity, in all religious assemblies. In entering upon the great work before us, we anticipate no small amount of misconception, misrepresentation, and ridicule; but we shall use every instrumentality within our power to effect our object. The Declaration of Sentiments was read by Elizabeth Cady Stanton, then each paragraph was read, discussed, and sometimes slightly modified during the first day of the Convention, when only women had been invited and the few men present anyway were asked to be silent. The document insists that women be viewed as full citizens of the United States and be granted all the same rights and privileges that were granted to men. He has endeavored, in every way that he could, to destroy her confidence in her own powers, to lessen her self-respect, and to make her willing to lead a dependent and abject life.
The convention had been thrown into chaos that American women intended to vote, serve on committees and even speak at the convention, and in response they were shunted off to a section that was out of the view of men. He has denied her the facilities for obtaining a thorough education, all colleges being closed against her. We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights governments are instituted, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed. Resolved, therefore, That, being invested by the Creator with the same capabilities, and the same consciousness of responsibility for their exercise, it is demonstrably the right and duty of woman, equally with man, to promote every righteous cause, by every righteous means; and especially in regard to the great subjects of morals and religion, it is self-evidently her right to participate with her brother in teaching them, both in private and in public, by writing and by speaking, by any instrumentalities proper to be used, and in any assemblies proper to be held; and this being a self-evident truth, growing out of the divinely implanted principles of human nature, any custom or authority adverse to it, whether modern or wearing the hoary sanction of antiquity, is to be regarded as self-evident falsehood, and at war with the interests of mankind. Whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of those who suffer from it to refuse allegiance to it, and to insist upon the institution of a new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness. Having deprived her of this first right of a citizen, the elective franchise, thereby leaving her without representation in the halls of legislation, he has oppressed her on all sides.
Whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of those who suffer from it to refuse allegiance to it, and to insist upon the institution of a new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness. Key Events The first day of the Seneca Falls Convention was set aside for women speakers only, although several men attended the meeting. . Interestingly, the only resolution that did not pass unanimously was that which called for , as some were concerned that the issue was too controversial and would hurt their efforts for equality in other arenas. Significance The American women's movement grew directly out of the anti-slavery or abolitionist movement of the 1830s and 1840s. My own comments are in italics.