And yet, amid what might seem like a hopeless scenario, I am full of hope—not the kind that stems from naive dreaming, but a kind of confidence inspired by the people I work with every day in the field. Today, there are over 900 tea gardens in Assam. There are around 2500 small tea gardens and the total production of tea in Assam in 2009 was 500 million kgs, compared to the 487 million kgs produced by the State in 2008. Although Small tea growers in Assam have received financial support from various banks and financial institutions like cooperative banks in Assam, industrial finance cooperation and few commercial banks yet inadequate finance has affected the growth of tea plantations of this section. They are then exposed to sun for about 30-40 minutes and then packed and sent for marketing.
By the end of the 19th century, Assam was the world leader in tea production. There was also the risk of their desertion. Today, the Tea Board is planning their increased influence on new markets Iran, Egypt, Pakistan and Vietnam, for example and existing markets such as the United Kingdom, the United Arab Emirates, Russia and Iraq. First, the tender leaves are plucked and then heated for about 18-24 hours after which they are rolled down by machines which make them into small grains. In this, India is also among the top 5 per-capita tea consumers. Will the quality premium keep pace with the cost escalation? After this final processing the tea leaves are poured into buckets and weighed.
The changing taste of Assam tea is a serious concern for the tea growers and the changes will sharply slow down the demand for this variety of tea abroad. However, the demand for organic tea is likely to be increased incredibly as preference of the people shifting from conventional tea to organic tea. As of today, Assam Teahas maintained its international reputation andcommands significant share in the world TeaMarket. Up to 1927 an era of prosperity followed, during which modernisation of factories and production techniques made rapid strides. Dibrugarh accounts for 30 percent of thetotal tea gardens followed by Tinsukia 22percent, Jorhat 13 percent, Golaghat 12 percent,Sivasagar 11 percent and other districts contain11 percent. This was the highest over the past 11 years.
In September 2008-2009 tea production has slipped to 56911 tons and yet again enhanced to 74139 tons in the month of October. It may vary slightly from garden to garden. Tea is considered as the most important crop in Assam. After plucking, the workers carry the basket full of leaves to the main junction, where the leaves get weighed and are finally ready for the factory. Concept of Small Tea Cultivation in Assam The concept of small tea cultivation in home stead gardens and to sell the green leaf to the existing big factories for enhancing farm income was initiated during the seventies by the then Janata Government in Assam and encouraged by the government. Most of the small tea gardens in the state are confined to Upper Assam.
There are no provisions or channels to make sure social benefits and security measures for small tea garden workers in the region. Most of the small teagardens in the State are confined to upperAssam. Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Tripura and West Bengal. To halt or slow down oxidation, fermented leaves are moved to a panning trough where they are heated and then dried. In fact China and Assam are the only two regions in the world with native tea plants. It is held that the longer it takes to fix the leaves, the more aromatic will be the tea. We are happy to be commissioned to film for you or else provide you with broadcast crewing and production solutions across South Asia.
It has become unattainable for the Board to meet the demands of the North Eastern Regions as well as small growers because the number of small growers has gone up enormously in recent years. Assam tea is not yet officially recognized as a brand or variety of tea by the government due to bureaucratic red tape, depriving the beverage of an exclusive label. Each of these procedures is carried out in a climate-controlled facility to avoid spoilage due to excess moisture and fluctuating temperatures. We cannot however take the responsibility of settling their problems. Tea had been a high-status drink when first introduced, but had steadily fallen in price and increased in popularity among the working class.
Assam tea is globally reputed for its full bodied, deep-amber liquor with a brisk, strong and malty taste. Then came the collapse in 1866, when all tea properties depreciated and all the babble concerns burst. The scientific name for the tea plant is Camellia sinensis. This sector contributes 25 percent to the State Domestic Product 2010-11. Objectives of the study: The main objectives of the study are as follows: l To have an overview of tea industry of Assam.
Though Assam generally denotes the distinctive black teas from Assam, the region produces smaller quantities of and as well with their own distinctive characteristics. The planning commission hereafter decided to restrain absurd practices of the tea estates to improve its form. Marketing of tea has always been a problem for the products of this region. What is required is a detailed analysis of the market, evolvement of a strategy and a business plan, plus an in-depth study of the supply chain. Robert Bruce discovered tea plants growing wild in the Upper Brahmaputra Valley.
Among the manifold causes suggested as being responsible for the recession in tea. The entire enterprise must be sustainable in the face of climate change, which will directly impact the tea industry. A tea garden was started by the Government in 1833 in erstwhile Lakhimpur district. Taking into consideration all these, a suggestion has been submitted to Government for expansion of technical manpower of the Board for efficient administration of small growers cell and for opening of new filed offices in all the important areas of small grower concentration. The onus of putting the industry back to its rails squarely lies with the state government. Once the truck arrives in the factory it is weighed again.