In Pakistan the level decreased slowly to the current level of 3 children per woman. This is true in respect of underdeveloped countries where capital is scarce and its supply is inelastic. Crucial to the future evolution of the population is the further evolution of the birth rate. Since then, growth rates have been increasing exponentially, reaching staggeringly high peaks in the 20th century and slowing down a bit thereafter. But this is only part of the story.
In the beginning of the 1970s, there was light and hope. The evolution of the birth rate is in turn dependent on two things: the further evolution of the total fertility rate the average number of children per woman in the first place and population momentum in the second. To offset overpopulation, people can have more fun that does not involve sexual acts. That the population explosion in the developing countries since the second half of the 20th century was so much more intense and massive, is a consequence of the fact that in those countries, the process of demographic transition occurred to a much more extreme extent and on a much larger scale. Water is not much useful for drinking and other purposes in the cities because of high pollution. Farmers have noted, for many centuries, what the effects of an uncontrolled predator population can do to livestock.
Population increase is taking less time to become double. Environmental degradation has many dire symptoms, such as anthropogenic climate change including global warming, deforestation, water and air pollution, water scarcity, loss of biodiversity, and depleted fish stocks, all of which are intensified by an increasing global human population. I want my future generations to have a happy successful career and life, and at the same time, enjoy the beauty of nature in its fullest. Secondly, we need to encourage and support the empowerment of women, not just via education but also via services for reproductive health. Some economists have estimated that for maintaining the present level of per capita income, 2 per cent to 5 per cent of national income must be invested if population grows at 1 per cent per annum.
Information concerning the efficient use of contraceptives and increasing the accessibility and affordability of contraceptives can therefore play an important role. Vachhani 11th July, 2014, 4:29 pm It is clear since 1977 election. Per captia income and availablity of natural resources such as water, land, minerals, fuel etc. The infant mortality rate is directly related to the age of women at marriage. So okay I see your point a little. The upper layer of soil is burnt due to excessive use of chemicals fertilizers.
But rapid increase in population make burden all the more heavy. Stop stripping resources from one area and sending them to another part of the world. Nearly 40 to 50 per cent of the population is in the non-productive age group which simply consumes and does not produce anything. A brief survey of world population shows that human population is ever increasing. I fear the government of India will need to face this problem head-on, and hopefully soon. According to a survey conducted among the Muslims by the Operations Research Group in 1978, although a majority of both male and female respondents were aware of modern family planning methods, they were either not using them on religious grounds or they lacked clear adequate knowledge about them. India has experienced extraordinary population growth: between 2001 and 2011 India added 181 million people to the world, slightly less than the entire population of Brazil.
The high growth rate of population, particularly in the developing and underdeveloped countries led a way for declining environmental quality in all spheres of the Earth. Due to this also, the position of Population Explosion occurred. As a result, all the above-mentioned problems are even more intense in rural areas with the addition of the lack of family planning facilities in those areas. Social factors are at the base of both poverty and population growth. The exploitation of mineral resources is threatening forests, nature reserves, and ecology.
It is significant for the person. Minimum thing we can do as individual is to spread awareness of population stabilization and improving living standard. The cafeteria approach has recently been reinforced by campaign for sterilization. Higher Rate of Population requires more Investment: In economically backward countries, investment requirements are beyond its investing capacity. If we want to develop our country and want to raises the living standard of the people then we should reduced our birth rate. The population growth of any animal, if left uncontrolled can become burdensome.
And it continued to go even faster: 4 billion by 1974, 5 billion by 1987, 6 billion by 1999 and 7 billion in 2011. Population grows when they adequately nourished. Thus, our main emphasis falls on decreasing the birth rate. For India not only the full employment of an increased labour force require huge amount of additional capital, but to support an increased population at reasonably acceptable standards of living will also necessitate a marked expansion of exports. I was elected vice-president of International Right to Life Federation in 2005. The consequences of such an event are severe and major.
A large family is unable to afford higher education to the children. Only the rich countries have a shrinking momentum, that is -3%. In a lot of Asian and Latin American countries, the entire transition has taken place and the fertility level is around or below the replacement level. Schematic representation of the modern demographic transition. But in poorer states like Bihar, fertility rates were nearer to 4. Food scarcity effects economic development in two respects.
Under developed countries: There are under developed less advanced countries. Distribution of population in space. The birth rate is increasing due to the lack of awareness in people. The factors affecting per capita income in relation to population growth equally apply to the standard of living. Poverty and famine The Malthusian line of thought continues to leave an important mark on the debate regarding the association between population growth and poverty: Malthus saw an excessive population growth as an important cause of poverty and famine. Population momentum is the reason why we are as good as certain that the world population will continue to grow for a while. The same will happen in India unless doctors sterilize the woman after she gives birth.