The above vows and principles were meant for the householders. Jamali, however, continued with his false doctrine and at last died without confessing his sin. Digambara images of the Tirthankara, the revered Jain teachers, always have downcast eyes, signifying meditation deep and concentrated thinking. At that time Mahavira had still not attained omniscience. The later commentaries however say that Jamali was the husband of Priyadarshana, daughter of Mahavira. After attaining kevala, Mahavira took a student, , who had attained some magical powers. At first he wandered about as a single monk; but now he has surrounded himself by many monks, and teaches every one of them the Law at length.
Mahavira lived for sixteen years more after this. Otherwise he could have not withstood the tortures and privations he suffered during the period of twelve years he was travelling either alone or with Goshala. The other major sect of Jainism denies that he married and had a child. The Jain sources also do not give any particulars about his life as a teacher. In Jainism, the honorific title given to Vardhamāna Jnātṛputra, the 24th. Mahavira's family tree can be drawn up as follows. Priyadarshana, Jamali's wife, the Blessed one's daughter, together with one thousand women took initiation under the Master.
He was preceded by 23 Thirthankaras. He wandered about north Bihar and eastern Uttar Pradesh, teaching people the ethics of his religion. Each vow leads to a releasing of karma. This does not seem to be correct. Two important Śvet āmbara canonical texts tell the story of Mah āv īra's life: One text is included in the first book of the canon Ᾱc ār ā ṅga S ūtra 1.
For this reason, he traveled less during the rainy seasons, when paths would be filled with life forms that he did not want to injure. The Digambara views are clearly presented in Padmanabh S. He therefore insisted on avoiding evil Karmas, prevent all kinds of fresh Karmas and destroy the existing ones. Goshala was apt to mock at people and therefore, was beaten up by them many times. Thus the Niganthas of the Nataputta were as if warring with each other.
His birthdate is traditionally given as 599 B. Sometimes, however, those principles become less important in the minds of the people and the religion dies out for a time before it is reborn. . According to Jain belief, after Mahavira was born, he was taken by Indra, the king of the gods in Hinduism, to be bathed in heavenly milk, and the rituals befitting a future Tirthankara were performed for him. During the second year, while Mahavira was crossing the river Suvannakula, his garment was caught in the thorns on the bank of the river. The purport of these records is as follows: Chunda Samanuddesa, a Buddhist monk was passing his rainy season in Pava.
These vows are still practiced by Jains in the early twenty-first century. He even strained his drinking water to ensure that no creatures were living in it. Goshala used to call himself omniscient. In fact Trishala was the sister1 of king Chetaka of Vaishali whose daughter Chellana was married to Shranik Bimbisara king of Magadh. The Buddhist records do not give any details about the life of Mahavira, except to state that he was a leader of the Nigantha sect.
After Mahavira attained Kevala, a Samavarsana religious conference was held on the bank of the river Ujjuvaliya, but it is said that the first preaching of Mahavira remained unsuccessful. They were later released by the intervention of two sisters called Viyaya and Pragalbha. Jamali met Mahavira while the latter was in Kshatriya- Kundagram, the village where Mahavira was born. His constitution must also have been quite strong. When Ananda reported this to Mahavira, he remarked that Goshala indeed had this dangerous flash, with which he could consume anybody except the Arhat , who would only feel some discomfort.
All Jains are vegetarians, as was Mahavira, and strict Jains go to great lengths to avoid harming anything that is alive. At one time while the two were in Lohaggala, a place described as the capital of king Jiyasattu, the royal servants took them to be enemy spies and tied them up. The result of this spirit of accommodation was that Jainism has survived in India till today, whereas, Buddhism. Within a few days of Mahavira's renunciation of the world, he went to a village called Kummara. Humans regard them only as a source of inspiration. Atthiyaggama - 1 The first rainy season 2. That Jamali was Priyadarshna's husband, is not mentioned in the canon though his name occurs several times in the canonical texts.