Official statistics sociology. Official statistics 2019-01-31

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Advantages And Disadvantages Of Official Statistics In Sociological Research Essay Example for Free

official statistics sociology

The act allows employees of a company the right to form a union and have the union organization represent them through collective bargaining. For example, government departments such as the Home Office and Education and Skills request; process and then publish information from organisations such as local tax offices, social services and hospitals. An extended research time period means that the researcher is able to obtain… 965 Words 4 Pages Outline and assess the usefulness of official statistics of crime to sociologists. The employment rates for people, men and women have been generally increasing since early 2012. It will then go on to critique a qualitative research article yet due to the word count only several factors of this will be critiqued and the article is by Wills ' et al 2005.

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Official Statistics

official statistics sociology

Sociologists use many different designs and methods to study society and social behavior. Victim Surveys A second way of estimating the extent and patterns of crime is that of victim surveys. But without any evidence other than these reports to support such claims, few use them to support their work. However, some sociologists, such as Barry Hindess, have argued that official statistics on crime, do have serious deficiencies. Official statistics are data which has been already collected by government for example marriages, births, crimes and deaths. In other words, sociologists can compare statistics to see if there is a trend between two related sets of information.


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official statistics

official statistics sociology

Thus Statistics as a discipline is the development and application of methods to collect, analyze and interpret data. Courtesy of Lee Bryant, Director of Sixth Form, Anglo-European School, Ingatestone, Essex Related Posts. This is the effect that many statistic collections face in a survey. Official Statistics are massively available, that is to say that there are many official statistics that can be accessed. Official crime statistics follow a positivist approach, assuming that crime is a static fact to observe and measure. This is because, only the state can afford to conduct large scale surveys and have the power to make it mandatory for citizens to provide information like a birth. For example, statistics on the number of births, deaths, marriages and divorces usually give a very accurate picture.

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Advantages And Disadvantages Of Official Statistics In...

official statistics sociology

The majority of sociologists could probably not afford to carry out such vast research. The disadvantages and the advantages will be discussed, and furthermore the use of focus groups as a research method against using other research methods will be evaluated. The obvious disadvantage is that only a fairly narrow range of information lends itself to being collected through such procedures. It allows us to compare the levels of ethnic minorities causing classroom disruption, and which group is causing the most. Once one set of official statistics is out of date, the researchers will as soon as possible perform another collection of data to update it, this ensures all data is fresh and appropriate.

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Revising Official Statistics and Crime

official statistics sociology

However this may not even cause any problems as sociologists looking at past data will not be affected by how old a set of statistics. Market research helps you plan ahead. However this categorised data may not be categorised in the exact way a sociologist might prefer it, so this is a definite disadvantage. In conclusion, sociologists may use official statistics as part of their research because it saves the sociologist time and money. .

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Advantages And Disadvantages Of Official Statistics In...

official statistics sociology

Crime was a way of life for many of the people, accepted as an inevitable feature and a way of getting by. Official statistics are quantitative data produced by local and national government bodies, and can cover a wide range of behaviour including births, deaths, marriages and divorce, income, crime, and work and leisure. The criticisms examined above, suggest that official crime statistics need to be interpreted much more carefully. The most common types of statistics reported will be the fertility rates, which includes vital statistics birth, death, marriage, divorce rates , morbidity the incidence of disease in a population , and mortality the number of people who die in a certain disease compared with the total number of people. Marxists see capitalist society as made up of two social classes in conflict with each other, the capitalist ruling class and the working class. However, that does not mean that the results are accurate.

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Official statistics

official statistics sociology

A main plus is that official statistics are often compiled from data which has been gathered from a large sample size. Various studies using self-reporting indicate that anything between 50% and 90% of the population have admitted to behaviour which if observed and acted upon, could see the respondent brought before a court of law. For right realists the figures serve a purpose. Prison Population Statistics — Probably have Good Validity? Conclusion Official statistics have many pitfalls. The British Youth Lifestyles Survey 2000 , for example, was carried out specifically to obtain detailed information on crimes against younger people. Of course it may not come up.

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Revising Official Statistics and Crime

official statistics sociology

An example of this is how they are collected by the law every year. This essay is focused on determining just to what extent official statistics provide an accurate representation of the extent of crime through examining different arguments concerning their limitations and benefits. But they are supplemented with, and increasingly replaced by, specially designed data collections: compulsory censuses of population, housing, and employment, and voluntary interview surveys with national samples of the whole adult population or particular sections of it. An organisation such as the Office of National Statistics has strict guidelines on conducting surveys, censuses and data collection. In addition there is a great variety of other data collections using survey methods with personal, postal, or telephone questionnaires to collect information of a kind that can be coded and quantified to produce statistics on a great range of matters: earnings and incomes; trade; illness, health, and usage of the medical services; housing, job change, and migration; household expenditure patterns; the Retail Price Index; national economic accounts; government expenditures; patterns of food consumption and nutrition; any experience as the victim of crime; leisure activities; travel patterns to work, for business, and for leisure; international travel, immigration, and emigration. It can be argued that official statistics are not useful due to the definitions being mixed up and not clear in two ways.

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