In fruitful thinking, when out of a storehouse of information one relevant idea after another occurs to us, the activity attitude is refreshed by little relaxations along the way and fatigue is postponed. American Journal of Psychology, 38, 449-452. The problem is focal in psychology at the present time, with the believers in 'creative mind,' vitalism, voluntarism, and so forth on one side and the mechanists on the other: I firmly believe that it can be solved by mechanism, but not that of the old associative type. What could be more comfortable and less awe-inspiring than being examined by one's own instructors? It does not matter whether one type is subconscious thinking or whether it is co-conscious thinking or what it may be. Women in the past struggled with discrimination and many hurdles to gain recognition for their work. The… 937 Words 4 Pages Introduction Writing in Psychology is solely up to psychologists themselves. The genetic function of movement and organic sensations for social consciousness.
. Litchfield, The results of certain standard mental tests as related to the academic records of college seniors, ibid. I hypnotized the same subject and told her that when she was awake she was to solve a mathematical problem, to calculate the number of seconds intervening between certain hours. Cattell's office, opening out of Dr. I then discuss how many of these advancements, although they are a start, are not as substantial as they should be in the twenty-first century. Placing women in the history of comparative psychology: Margaret Floy Washburn and Margaret Morse Nice.
Recent literature on the behavior of vertebrates. I was an only child, and the first eight years of my life were spent in the Harlem house; my father then entered the Episcopal ministry and for two years had a parish at Walden, an Orange County village. At the time of my birth both sides of 125th Street from Fifth Avenue to the Hudson River were occupied by white-painted frame mansions set in gardens. American Journal of Psychology, 37, 516- 520. I don't know what would happen to much of our psychology if it were true. In fact, when I arrived at our first committee meeting I found one of them on the point of resigning. Gates, to whom I addressed myself with pleasure.
True to its unofficial title, The Animal Mind as Deduced from Experimental Evidence was distinguished from earlier work by Washburn's scrupulous exclusion of speculative or anecdotal material. Shortly after this, I began to collect and organize literature on animal behavior. Secondly, traits like carefulness, punctuality, industry, and orderliness refer to an ideal standard, which will be higher in proportion as a person's performance judged by others is more excellent. If the situation is desperate and the amount of energy set free is great, the tensely quiet attitude and the tentative movements of thought, requiring so little energy, will be inadequate outlets. I have reason to thank the gods for his diligence, which enabled me to finish my professional training without having to earn my own living.
Washburn's primary contribution was to the study of consciousness and the examination of mental processes in both animals and humans. American Journal of Psychology, 29, 333-336. The gifts, in my opinion, were his comprehensive scholarship, shown conspicuously in his Instructor's Manuals of Experimental Psychology; and his genius as a lecturer. Would that man ever know analytically what that mass of sounds is composed of? French was admirably taught by two alternately kindly and ferocious sisters, Mlle. I had also a course in Lotze's metaphysics with F. Creighton asked me to name the Kantian categories, and what the relation of the third one in each group was to the other two; also about Berkeley's theory of causation. Subjective colours and the after-image: Their significance for the theory of attention.
Vassar Alumnae Magazine, 25, 5. By concentrating not only on women in corporate America, but also on a woman in the world of journalism, and one in the political world, I was able to gain a perspective on whether unfair media portrayals of women in corporations are parallel in their portrayals of influential women in general. For example, if the current year is 2008 and a journal has a 5 year moving wall, articles from the year 2002 are available. Carroll Pratt, rose to the carved beams of the roof. I was the only woman of professorial rank on the faculty, and President Ayers took especial pains to treat me, as we sat around a long table at faculty meetings, on a footing of perfect equality with the men.
Woods, Affective sensitiveness to colors, tone intervals, and articulate sounds, ibid. Bentley in some experiments on color vision in a brook fish which he captured from a neighboring stream. I was elected to the International Committee at this meeting, an honor I appreciated the more because of the other Americans chosen at the same time. I do want to ask Dr. These are the questions which in the short time at my disposal I am not, indeed, hoping to answer adequately, but on which I wish to offer a few reflections.
Miss Washburn felt the need of making this material more accessible to the ordinary student. It also presented a physiological theory of the image or centrally excited sensation. Thinking about myself was so new an experience that I have never forgotten the moment. Francis and Elizabeth Floy Washburn. Analyses of the union-related work of 35 teachers in 10 districts in Canada and the United States reveal how teachers' practical as well as ideological concerns encourage their assumption of organizational and political roles. The discussion also considers Washburn's professional life and personal characteristics and how she might be viewed as a role model.
In the first case, each idea suggests the one that follows it, but here its influence ends and our thoughts wander: A suggests B and then is forgotten, while B suggests C without aid from A. He had visited Vassar in my senior year and given several lectures on Herbert Spencer, which it was my privilege to report as a college editor. American Journal of Psychology, 25, 293-295. It seems to me that my intellectual life began with my fifth birthday. Many are tucked away in short articles or mere brief notes in scientific and philosophical journals. I improvised apparatus, used a metronome to keep the duration of the stimuli constant, and found observers among my Barnard associates.
The shape of this gradient is shown, by reference to Yoshioka's experiment in selection of maze pathways by the rat, to be positively accelerated, and to conform to the logarithmic law. These produce motor excitation, which prepares the animal for future action. So far as there was continuity in my own studies, it lay in chemistry and French. In the autumn of 1925 Titchener resigned the editorship of the American Journal of Psychology on account of a difference of opinion with Dallenbach, its sole owner, with regard to the ultimate disposal of the property. She was seen as antagonistic, even by the groups she fought for. Langfeld and I met with Messrs.