Major soils of india. Soils of India: Six Different Types of Soils Found in India 2019-01-24

Major soils of india Rating: 9,3/10 1432 reviews

Soil Groups: 8 Major Soil Groups available in India

major soils of india

The alluvial soil is found mostly in the Northern Plains, starting from Punjab in the west to West Bengal and Assam in the east. It has been estimated that about 1. Apart from the Himalayan region, the forest soils occur on Western and Eastern Ghats as well as in some parts of the Peninsular plateau. According to the definition, it is a mixture of substances, composed of, minerals, water, air, decayed plants, and animal matter, it includes all the things which supports life on earth together. The salts in their solutions move up and are found lying over the surface like a white sheet.

Next

Major Soil Types of India

major soils of india

It is the most fertile soil and it supports any kind of crop in it. However, in large areas of desert soils, only the drought resistant and salt tolerant crops such as barley, rape, cotton, wheat, millets, maize and pulses are grown. As a general rule, black soils of uplands are of low fertility but they are darker, deeper and richer in the valleys. R and Cauvery in T. Crops with long and deep roots are grown in this type a soil e. The main parent rocks are acid granites and gneisses, quartzitic and felspathic.

Next

Indian Geography Notes for Civil Services Exam

major soils of india

Black cotton soils, occurring in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, parts of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. During the hot dry season, the surface of this soil develops cracks. In Gujarat, the area round the Gulf of Khambhat is affected by the sea tides carrying salt-laden deposits. The rivers deposit very fine particles of soil called alluvium in their plains during their long course of journey. Along the Shiwalik foothills, there are alluvial fans having coarse, often pebbly soils. Laterite soils are generally formed under high temperature as well as high rainfall. The porosity and texture provide good drainage and other conditions favourable for bumper crops.

Next

Different soil types in India: Understand the differences using an Easy

major soils of india

Though these soils are poor in nitrogen yet they are somewhat rich in plant food. This zone is called bhabar. In the Himalayan region, such soils are mainly found in valley basins, depressions, and less steeply inclined slopes. Under such conditions, it is almost impossible to work on such soil because the plough gets stuck in the mud. Many rivers originate from the Himalayan Mountains and bring a large amount of sediment with them. It is also found in some parts of Godavari and Krishna river valleys, covering parts of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. Saline and Alkaline Soils: These soils are found in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.


Next

Major Soil Deposits Of India

major soils of india

It requires densification to increase its bearing capacity and shearing strength. The nitrogen content is low, but the phosphate content is as high as in normal alluvial soil. Other regions with red soil include parts of Karnataka, south-east of Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Chota Nagpur plateau; parts of south Bihar, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh; Aravalis and the eastern half of Rajasthan Mewar or Marwar Plateau , parts of North-Eastern states. They are found in Himalayan region and vary in different regions according to altitude. Alluvial soils arc found in two different and distinct regions in India: i Northern Plains. Red Soils: These are derived from weathering of ancient metamorphic rocks of Deccan Plateau.


Next

8 Major Types of Soil In India and their characteristics

major soils of india

Desert soils , occurring in Rajasthan. Indira Gandhi canal has proven to be a boon for the region by way of converting dry desert lands into blooming landscape full of greenery and economic prosperity. The alterations of wet and dry season leads to the leaching away of siliceous matter and lime of the rocks and a soil rich in oxides of iron and aluminium compounds is left behind. They are in patches on the Eastern Ghats through Orissa, A. We have numerous varieties of laterite which have bauxite at one end and an indefinite mixture of ferric oxides at the other.

Next

6 Major Types of Soil Found in India

major soils of india

Arid and Desert Soils 7. The soils are loamy and have silt in the valley areas and are coarse grained, kankar etc. P, Maharshtra, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. Mountain soil is generally found on the hill slopes covered with forests. Generally, it is the north facing slopes which support soil cover; the southern slopes being too precipitous and exposed to denudation to be covered with soil. The formation of these soils is mainly governed by the characteristic deposition of organic matter derived from forest growth.

Next

Soils of India: Classification and Characteristics

major soils of india

Thus the parent material of these soils is of transported origin. The entire area, west of the Aravalis has arid soils. This soil is especially suitable for producing plantation crops, such as tea, coffee, spices and tropical fruits in Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. These soils are renewed every year. The soils are not uniform everywhere but there are variations in their distribution. In Punjab and other plains, the excess of irrigation has made the soils waterlogged and saline crusts have been formed.

Next

Soil Groups: 8 Major Soil Groups available in India

major soils of india

Soils become fertile with the addition of fertilisers and manures. The salt encrustations in Kutchch Gujarat shine with a glaze on sunny days. Due to higher temperatures the bacteria eat away humus and the rainfall leaches silica and lime. It is rich in potash, phosphorous and lime but lacks nitrogen and humus in it. The higher areas, where floods do not reach has old alluvium and is known as Bangar.

Next

Soils of India: Classification and Characteristics

major soils of india

The earlier studies of Indian soils were made by foreign scholars like Volckar 1893 , Leather 1898 , Schokalskaya 1932 , Champion 1936 , etc. The red soil is found in Tamil Nadu, parts of Karnataka, southeast Maharashtra, eastern parts of Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and Jharkhand. In the Himalayan region such soil is mainly found in the valley basins, the depressions and the lesser steep slopes. In areas of deep soils, besides cotton, a host of other crops like tobacco, groundnuts etc. Commonly recognised that grow in these soils are. Laterite soil generally is poor in lime and deficient in nitrogen. This post is a continuation of our previous article on.

Next