There is an expanse of alluvial plains along it in the Punjab and Sindh. This advantage was lost in the 18th century as other regions such as China and Western Europe edged forward. The lack of vegetative cover, the severe climate, and the impact of grazing on the deserts have left wild animals in a precarious position. Explaining Pakistan's Foreign Policy: Escaping India. The term is officially recognised by the. Since 1989 thousands of Muslim refugees have sought refuge in Pakistan, complaining that many of the refugee women had been raped by Indian soldiers and that they were forced out of their homes by the soldiers.
Ideas from and greatly shaped in Pakistan. The Indus, one of the great rivers of the world, rises in southwestern only about 160 kilometres west of the source of the , which first flows through and joins the in , and the , which runs eastward before turning southwest and flowing through and,. The is organised as a hierarchy, with the at the apex, below which are , one in each province and one in the federal capital , one in each district , Judicial Magistrate Courts in every town and city , Executive Magistrate Courts, and civil courts. An ethnic and in 1971 resulted in the secession of as the new country of. Towards west of Iran, china extends to North Africa. Pakistan does not have with ; nonetheless, some Israeli citizens have visited the country on tourist visas. Sports Main article: Most sports played in Pakistan originated and were substantially developed by athletes and sports fans from the United Kingdom who introduced them during the.
Pakistan became the first Muslim country to send an official expedition to Antarctica. Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre 650-mile along the and in the south and is bordered by to the east, to the west, to the southwest, and in the far northeast. Pakistan Natural Hazards: Pakistan experiences frequent earthquakes that are sometimes severe, particularly in the northern and western portions of the country. During this period, played a pivotal role in converting a majority of the regional Buddhist and Hindu population to Islam. A large portion of the country's manufactured exports are dependent on raw materials such as cotton and hides that are part of the agriculture sector, while supply shortages and market disruptions in farm products do push up inflationary pressures. The territory that now constitutes Pakistan was the site of several and intertwined with the history of the broader. A small number of are found along the Pakistan—India border and in some parts of Cholistan.
Geostrategic significance of the country increases manifolds while under the fact that China finds short way to Indian Ocean and Arabian sea through Karakoram highway, c Significance as a Transit economy: Pakistan has the potential to develop transit economy on account of its strategic location. The five sites included , , the , , and. In 2018, the chairman of won the with 116 general seats and became the 22nd in election of for by getting 176 votes against the chairman of who got 96 votes. Archived from on 24 December 2011. He then ordered an assault using non-state actors on Jalalabad, the first major urban centre across the Khyber Pass from Pakistan, with the aim capturing it and declaring it as the seat of the new administration. Despite the change of in Pakistan and fluctuations in the regional and global situation, China policy in Pakistan continues to be a dominant factor at all times. Luckily, the government is fairly generous about granting long visas after completing the necessary paperwork.
Bhutto agreed to some Islamist demands before being overthrown in a coup. United States Institute of Peace. Zia established separate Shariat judicial courts and court benches to judge legal cases using Islamic doctrine. . Roads and railways are insufficient and in poor condition. The grave impact of that legacy was compunded by the Iranian Revolution, and Zia-ul Haq's anti-Shia policies, which added the violence and regimentation of the organization.
There have been promising gas discoveries in recent years. Archived from on 22 August 2013. Apart from participating in Pakistan's atomic bomb project, he made major contributions in , physical , and its integrated applications in and. The in 1971 witnessed Pakistan's unconditional and a that subsequently led to the of Bangladesh. The population of Pakistan is 190,291,129 2012 and the nation has a density of 247 people per square kilometer. Sheffield Graduate Journal of Archaeology.
The diversified economies of and coexist with less-developed areas in other parts of the country, particularly in Balochistan. Archived from on 15 October 2013. The Philippines' strategic location encouraged the United States to colonize the country. The government recently opened the domestic aviation market to private sector competition. An Afghan refugee girl near Even after partition in 1947, Indian Muslims continued to migrate to Pakistan throughout the 1950s and 1960s, and these migrants settled mainly in Karachi and other towns of Sindh province.
There are only 339 kilometers 211 miles of expressway. Despite modern trends, regional and traditional forms of dress have developed their own significance as a symbol of native tradition. Pakistan is considering to develop wind turbines to fulfill the demand for electricity. The first important result of the combined efforts of the Jamāʿat-i Islāmī and the ʿulamāʿ was the passage of the Objectives Resolution in March 1949, whose formulation reflected compromise between traditionalists and modernists. Tensions between Iran and Pakistan intensified in 1998 when Iran accused Pakistan of war crimes after Pakistani warplanes had bombarded Afghanistan's last Shia stronghold in support of the Taliban. Military reports indicated that the was in engagement with the , supported by the during the course of the ; one of which belonged to. Pakistan's pan-Islamic aspirations, however, were neither shared nor supported by the Muslim governments of the time.
A in 1857 called the of was the region's major armed struggle against the and. Noted as the sixth country in the world, its growth rate in 2016 was reported to be 1. These generalizations should not, however, obscure the distinct differences existing among particular locations. Under 's leadership the was also involved in supporting Chinese Muslims in Province, rebel Muslim groups in the , and some religious groups in Central Asia. The Pakistan government's official chronology claims this as the time when the foundation of Pakistan was laid but the concept of Pakistan came in 19th century. By this time, with its economic power severely curtailed by the and itself effectively made an arm of British administration, the began more deliberately to enter non-economic arenas such as education, social reform, and culture. The wars in neighboring Afghanistan during the 1980s and 1990s also forced millions of into Pakistan.
On the east, India borders it while on the south, the Arabian Sea borders it. The has flourished in the changing environment of the fashion world. Services in , with under-construction skyscrapers in the background. The fish, meat, and fruit and vegetable sectors remain underdeveloped, partly for lack of adequate infrastructure, including storage and transportation facilities. Snow leopard The fauna of Pakistan also reflects the country's varied climate. That is problematic for not only India, which is the most influential economic and military counter to China in Asia, but to outlying nations sharing the Indian Ocean, such as Malaysia and Indonesia where Chinese hegemony is a real lurking concern.