The first maritime treaties date back to the 19th century. Observer status is granted to qualified. Article 62 The present Convention, of which the English, French and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who will transmit certified copies thereof to each of the States invited to the United Nations Maritime Conference and to such other States as may have become Members. It has 171 member states and 3 associate members. The secretariat is composed of a who is periodically elected by the assembly, and various divisions such as those for marine safety, environmental protection and a conference section. It shall elect its officers once a year and shall adopt its own rules of procedure.
The Council shall also make provision for the appointment of such other personnel as may be necessary, and determine the terms and conditions of service of the Secretary-General and other personnel, which terms and conditions shall conform as far as possible with those of the United Nations and its Specialized Agencies. Its functions are to develop and maintain a comprehensive regulatory framework for shipping and its remit. All have the same purpose: The establishment of a regulatory framework that governs just about every aspect of the industry in order to help prevent accidents, casualties and environmental damage from ships and to mitigate their negative effects when such incidents do occur. Article 40 The Council shall consider the financial statements and budget estimates prepared by the Secretary-General and submit them to the Assembly with its comments and recommendations. Areas of weakness will be identified and corrected. It also detailed how to deal with the environmental threat caused by routine ship duties such as the cleaning of oil cargo tanks or the disposal of engine room wastes. Article 9 Any territory or group of territories to which the Convention has been made applicable under Article 58, by the Member having responsibility for its international relations or by the United Nations, may become an Associate Member of the Organization by notification in writing given by such Member or by the United Nations, as the case may be, to the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
Each Council shall make these determinations at a reasonable time before each regular session of the Assembly. In between Assembly sessions a Council, consisting of 40 Member States elected by the Assembly, acts as the governing body. When Sekimizu took office there were nine Subcommittees. Acceptance shall be effected by the deposit of an instrument with the Secretary-General of the United Nations. The memorial, a seven-metre high, ten-tonne bronze representation of the bow of a cargo ship with a lone seafarer on the deck, is the work of internationally renowned sculptor Michael Sandle. They shall refrain from any action which might reflect on their position as international officials. Article 8 Any State not entitled to become a Member under Article 6 or 7 may apply through the Secretary-General of the Organization to become a Member and shall be admitted as a Member upon its becoming a party to the Convention in accordance with the provisions of Article 57 provided that, upon the recommendation of the Council, its application has been approved by two-thirds of the Members other than Associate Members.
However, the and , which are island nations in the , are non-members. The ownership and management chain surrounding any ship can embrace many countries and ships spend their economic life moving between different jurisdictions, often far from the country of registry. One broad topic it deals with is the effect of the human element on ; this work has been put to all of the sub-committees, but meanwhile, the Maritime Safety Committee has developed a code for the management of ships which will ensure that agreed operational procedures are in place and followed by the ship and shore-side staff. Section 2 a The Organization shall enjoy in the territory of each of its Members such privileges and immunities as are necessary for the fulfilment of its purposes and the exercise of its functions. Article 41 a Subject to any agreement between the Organization and the United Nations, the Assembly shall review and approve the budget estimates. Article 61 The Secretary-General of the United Nations will inform all States invited to the United Nations Maritime Conference and such other States as may have become Members, of the date when each State becomes party to the Convention, and also of the date on which the Convention enters into force. Article 38 The Secretary-General shall perform such other tasks as may be assigned to him by the Convention, the Assembly, the Council and the Maritime Safety Committee.
The concept of the code is to provide layered and redundant defences against smuggling, terrorism, piracy, stowaways, etc. These amendments gave rise to the , which went into effect on 1 July 2004. There is, therefore, a need for international standards to regulate shipping - which can be adopted and accepted by all. Article 29 a The Maritime Safety Committee shall have the duty of considering any matter within the scope of the Organization and concerned with aids to navigation, construction and equipment of vessels, manning from a safety standpoint, rules for the prevention of collisions, handling of dangerous cargoes, maritime safety procedures and requirements, hydrographic information, log-books and navigational records, marine casualty investigation, salvage and rescue, and any other matters directly affecting maritime safety. Article 36 The Secretary-General shall keep Members informed with respect to the activities of the Organization. Article 48 The Organization may, on matters within its scope, make suitable arrangements for consultation and cooperation with non-governmental international organizations.
Article 19 Members represented on the Council in accordance with Article 17 shall hold office until the end of the next regular session of the Assembly. Article 46 The Organization shall cooperate with any Specialized Agency of the United Nations in matters which may be the common concern of the Organization and of such Specialized Agency, and shall consider such matters and act with respect to them in accord with such Specialized Agency. A number of Sub-Committees support the work of the main technical committees. Interestingly enough in terms of tonnage the afore-mentioned was a bigger problem than accidental pollution. Several countries proposed that a permanent international body should be established to promote maritime safety more effectively, but it was not until the establishment of the United Nations itself that these hopes were realized. As of May 2013, 152 states, representing 99.
It covers not only accidental and operational oil pollution but also different types of pollution by chemicals, goods in packaged form, sewage, garbage and air pollution. In the early 21st cent. The opinions expressed herein are the author's and not necessarily those of The Maritime Executive. It has the power to enforce and administer matters relating to these aims. Article 37 In the performance of their duties the Secretary-General and the staff shall not seek or receive instructions from any government or from any authority external to the Organization. It was chosen to provide an opportunity to focus on many diverse actors involved in shipping and logistics industry.
This framework addresses various areas like safety, legal matters, environmental concerns, technical co-operation, maritime security and efficiency of shipping. In 2009 it adopted the Djibouti Code of Conduct regarding the repression of piracy and armed robbery in the western Indian Ocean and Gulf of Aden. The day was first observed in 1978. Article 35 The Secretary-General shall prepare and submit to the Council the financial statements for each year and the budget estimates on a biennial basis, with the estimates for each year shown separately. The Secretary-General of the United Nations will immediately inform all Members and the Secretary-General of the Organization of such notification. Section 1 The Organization shall enjoy in the territory of each of its Members such legal capacity as is necessary for the fulfilment of its purposes and the exercise of its functions.
Extraordinary sessions shall be convened after a notice of sixty days whenever one-third of the Members give notice to the Secretary-General that they desire a session to be arranged, or at any time if deemed necessary by the Council, after a notice of sixty days. Members shall be eligible for re-election. Article 42 Any Member which fails to discharge its financial obligation to the Organization within one year from the date on which it is due, shall have no vote in the Assembly, the Council, or the Maritime Safety Committee unless the Assembly, at its discretion, waives this provision. This framework addresses various areas like safety, legal matters, environmental concerns, technical co-operation, maritime security and efficiency of shipping. The memorial, a seven-metre high, ten-tonne bronze representation of the bow of a cargo ship with a lone seafarer on the deck, is the work of internationally renowned sculptor Michael Sandle. Article 27 Between sessions of the Assembly, the Council shall perform all the functions of the Organization, except the function of making recommendations under Article 16 i. It entered into force on 2 October 1983.
Similarly, the Organization may take over any administrative functions which are within its scope and which have been entrusted to a Government under the terms of any international instrument. Each Member on its part undertakes to respect the exclusively international character of the responsibilities of the Secretary-General and the staff and not to seek to influence them in the discharge of their responsibilities. Originally called the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization, it was renamed a decade after its formation. The front of the building is dominated by a seven-metre high, ten-tonne bronze sculpture of the bow of a ship, with a lone seafarer maintaining a look-out. The ownership and management chain surrounding any ship can embrace many countries and ships spend their economic life moving between different jurisdictions, often far from the country of registry. The Secretariat consists of some 300 international civil servants headed by a Secretary-General.