The communist party of India has something of a Marxist ideology, which it wants to get transplanted in India. The alliance even after losing some of its members, was reelected in with as head of the government. They reflect the voice of different sections and classes of the society. If there would have been just one national party taking care of the entire nation, it becomes difficult for each and every state to progress and prosper. Theexistence of independent political parties who all have a chance tofield candidates for election implies a democracy. When people associate with a political party they receive more than just a person to vote for. The common people belive that a healthy Parliamentary opposition is essential for the sound working of democracy.
In India, they are chosen by the top leaders, in most countries by members of the party. In 1991 the former prime minister was during an election campaign. Political Party — Why is it Formed? It exercises immense control over administration, finance, legislation, military, etc. The alliance has no official leading party, and smaller parties often enter and leave the alliance according to political convenience. They are the most useless, inefficient, botlleneck, bloodsuckers which are just burden to the nations resources. Some of these parties, like the Shiv Sena in which one person pulls all the strings, have their stronghold in the public not because of their leader but because of party ideology. Factors Affecting Democracy in India Although India is the largest democracy in the world, there are certain factors which affect it.
The Indian National Congress stood victorious in the elections by bagging majority of seats. Unsourced material may be challenged and. Homogeneous society is one which has one religion, one language and one dominant race, whereas heterogeneous society is one which has plurality of religions, languages, races, castes, etc. National parties are political parties which, participate in different elections all over India. Here is a list of all those political parties.
There is no constitutional or statutory provision regarding formation and functioning of political parties in India. Some of these parties, like the Shiv Sena in which one person pulls all the strings, have their stronghold in the public not because of their leader but because of party ideology. An overview on elections and election results is included in. If a party is represented in more than 4 states, it would be labelled a national party. For the successful working of Parliamentary Democracy in India, we need-and need badly-opposition parties, two or three and not more, which should keep the government in proper check and subscribe healthy criticism to its policies. The latter supported the ruling Congress Party and criticised the Chinese aggression of 1962, while the former adopted a pro-China line.
Its rank and file explain and popularize the policies, pursued by the government. The first successful transfer of power from one party to another came in 1800, when Thomas Jefferson, a Democratic-Republican, was elected president. Especially if people with many similar ideas ran against each other the winner would be based on who was more exposed rather than who was more qualified. All the powers of the president mentioned above are exercised on recommendation of the Union , and the president does not have much discretion in any of these matters. It is on the President's recommendation that the Houses of Parliament meet, and only the president has the power to dissolve the Lok Sabha. It makes for a continuous policy and continuity in administration. For example in the 1960s, Lok Dal was established by people who split from the Indian National Congress.
Even before the birth of democracy there used to be parties, but those parries were entirely different from the present political ones which are essential constituents of the modern parliamentary governmental the world over. The won elections in 1989, but its government managed to hold on to power for only two years. Some of the state parties in south India were established by former movie actors. Some parties openly profess their focus on a particular group; for example, the 's and the 's focus on the population and identity; 's championing of ; the 's pro- agenda; 's demand for protection of tribal identity; and 's calling for identity. It monitors government activities and evaluates its performance on behalf of citizens. The result was that the party lost the confidence motion in parliament in April 1999. This is done to prevent a possibility of parties, with common national agenda or common state agenda, nominate their own different candidates causing the splitting of the votes of their wing and so losing the constituency to the rival wing.
Her party was also named, Congress Indira. Power and Choice: An Introduction to Political Science—Chapter 14 Example: Parliamentary Government in India. Meetings on town, state and national levels can be attended in which an individual can give input to their party leaders. The 1990s saw the end of and the rise of coalition governments. It ceased to exist after that. A democratic system also has to make sure that the social development along with democratic values should reflect the social security, welfare and status of the people. Indira Gandhi for some period was in complete control of her party.
However, there are three alliances on a national level in India, competing with each other for the position of Government. This Act was extended to Panchayats in the tribal areas of eight States, namely Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and Rajasthan from 24 December 1996. National parties are political parties which, participate in different elections all over India. Some regional parties, especially in South India, are deeply aligned to the ideologies of the region unlike the national parties and thus the relationship between the central government and the state government in various states has not always been free of rancor. New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1999. They are Indian NationalCongress headed by Sonia Gandhi and … Bhartiya Janata Party headed byAmit Shah. For about 35 years from 1885 to 1920 , it functioned as a pressure group, for about 27 years from 1920 to 1947 as national movement, and for about 40 years as the ruling party from 1947 to 1996, with an exception of two years three months March 1977 to June 1979 of Morarji Desai regime, six months July 1979 to January 1980 of Charan Singh regime, 11 months December 1989 to November 1990 of V.
Political parties just do what britishers did, Divide and rule, play on peoples fears of religious and castiest persecutions, play them against each other. Bharatiya Janata Party Amit Shah 2. It is something midway between socialism and 'reactionarism'. These candidates participate in election constituencies independently without the support of any party. Political parties secure harmony of action among the various organs of the government. In India few candidates who become the Member of Parliament they change their party for the simple reason. There are some parties which have been recognised as political parties by the Election Commission but do not hold power in any state e.