It is normal to be overwhelmed by having too much choice for the topic. An analysis of the amount of aluminium in three different brands of underarm deodorant by visible spectroscopy and The kinetics of oxidation of iodide ions with hydrogen peroxide in acidic solutions are two such examples where a statement rather than a question is appropriate. A wrongly formulated research question will turn this learning experience into a stressful one. It should include the research question, a very short summary of the analysis and the answer to the research question. The total marks available are 34. Required Formatting The extended essay should be written in a clear, correct and formal academic style, appropriate to the subject from which the topic is drawn.
This is to promote the idea that the extended essay is an academic piece of work and as such should be formatted appropriately, including font choice. It means a student will not get his Bachelor degree without a successfully written 4,000-word research on the chosen narrow topic. The essay also enables students to acquire some of the skills that are essential for researching and writing university Bachelor and Master theses. Many of the best essays are written by students investigating relatively simple phenomena using apparatus and materials that can be found in most school laboratories, and this approach is to be encouraged. Some extended essay examples will help to visualize the structure.
Umberto Cannella, PhD, Manager of the Swiss Space Centre at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne. Criterion H: conclusion The conclusion must be consistent with the argument presented and should not merely repeat material in the introduction or introduce new or extraneous points to the argument. Some research questions require some background knowledge that is not related to chemistryfor example, Do the fossils found in different strata of rocks at a particular location contain different amounts of sulfur? If it is necessary to include more non-chemistry for example, geological information, then the appropriate place for it is the appendix. Apply a wall or a separate piece of a. They should distinguish between primary sources original scientific publications, personal communications, interviews and secondary sources textbooks, newspaper articles, reviews , and show awareness of how reliable these sources are. Criterion I: formal presentation This criterion relates to the extent to which the essay conforms to academic standards about the way in which research papers should be presented. Abstract An abstract not exceeding 300 words must be included with the essay submitted.
The school supervisor must be satisfied that the work described in the essay is genuine and essentially that of the student. Except for selecting a topic, researching, and pinning down the main question, it is critical to decide on the structure as an extended essay has to be long. This will be completed by students after each of their mandatory reflection sessions. Relevant chemical formulas including structural formulas , balanced equations including state symbols and mechanisms should be included. This must be with the agreement of the school, and the external mentor must be provided with a letter outlining the nature of the extended essay and clear instructions as to the level of guidance that is permitted. A good argument in chemistry will almost certainly include consideration and comparison of different approaches and methods directly relevant to the research question. In such cases, the element of personal analysis and evaluation is extremely important.
In such cases, only the essential non-chemistry information should be provided in the introduction, as the essay will be marked on its chemical content. Required Contents Page A contents page must be provided at the beginning of the extended essay and all pages should be numbered. Formatting of the extended essay is clarified. The outcome of the research should be a coherent and structured essay that effectively addresses a particular issue expressed as a research question, or, if this is unsuitable, a hypothesis. Some are focused on world studies topics where students incorporate two disciplines. While nature has a single meaning, nurture is a broader term, which refers to upbringing, nutrition, and teaching.
An English student might want to take a couple of poems and compare how the writers use a particular literary style. If a student does not know what evidence is needed, or cannot collect such evidence, it will not be possible to answer the research question. Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again. . It is not necessary to prove the research question right — disagreeing with the initial hypothesis is perfectly fine.
In any chemistry extended essay, students should be able to demonstrate that they understand the theory underlying any experimental work and state any assumptions made. The introduction and conclusion A rough draft of the introduction can be written at an early stage. Greater clarification will be given over the use of footnotes, endnotes and appendices to ensure parity across subjects. The remainder can be displayed in tabular or graphical form. Candidates are expected to present a reasoned case for the existence of something.
Those are notes of any restrictions and unanswered questions. For experimental work, sufficient information should be provided so that the work could be repeated if necessary by an independent worker. Taking two related things they are interested in historic events, technologies, inventions, books, poems, geographies, markets, planets, experiments and so on and comparing them against a related concept can also be a good model to start with. The abstract and final sections of the Extended Essay Abstracts were invented so that people who wanted to further research the topic could quickly learn if this essay would be valuable for their research. The outcome of the research should be a coherent and structured piece of writing that effectively addresses a particular issue or research question and arrives at a particular, and preferably personal, conclusion.
The studies show the origins lay in the late 19th century when the community was suffering from both political and social aspects. The International Baccalaureate graders evaluate this type of academic writing by using a scale from zero to 36. After all, it would be a shame to waste the amazing research and ideas by running out of writing time. All of these things must be included in the word limit. If the practical work is carried out in an industrial or university laboratory, the essay should be accompanied by a letter from the external supervisor outlining the nature of the supervision and the level of guidance provided. Once all the data has been collected, it can be analysed.
Where possible, the quality of sources accessed or data generated should be verified by secondary sources or by direct calculations. Example essay titles The following examples of titles for chemistry extended essays are intended as guidance only. That is how your Excel document may look: Why would a student benefit from such approach? One way to choose is to take something that they recently questioned. Supervision sessions may vary in length of time and nature of discussion to meet the needs of individual students. These two terms cannot exist without each other because success predetermines failure and vice versa. Students should make it clear which experiments they have designed themselves and which they have altered, adapted or improved from existing methods.