Each poem reflects its own form of identity for both women and African Americans during segregation. The first and the third stanza shows the delight of the free bird experiencing freedom, whereas the rest of the stanzas concentrate on the plight of the caged bird. Fifth stanza: But a caged bird stands on the grave of dreams his shadow shouts on a nightmare scream his wings are clipped and his feet are tied so he opens his throat to sing. It is a great insult to change a persons name without their consent and it is adding insult to injury in Mayas case when she is deemed a white name. Through most of the book, Maya believes her grandmother is all powerful.
Also, one of the most comical chapters in the book. He makes up for Mr. With this… in I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, tells her story of how and when she grew up. The freedom that the bird in the first stanza experienced is the opposite of the longing and despair that the bird in the second stanza feels. When Maya next encounters her, Grandmother Baxter, ramrod straight and adorned with pince-nez glasses, suffers chronic bronchitis and continues to smoke heavily while sharing her granddaughter's bed.
Maya and Bailey find that the big city and its people are nothing like those of Stamps. If she would not have received a beating because of her rude actions, Maya would have been yelling at these sloppy women which would be releasing all of her suppressed anger. She is jeered by her peers, taunted by the white race, sexually abused by a man who should have cared for her as his child, neglected by an egocentric father, and abandoned by her mother. When Maya retreats into silence after the rape, Vivian is incapable of dealing with it. When he witnesses the murder of a black man by a group of white men, he is confused and unable to understand their hatred. She says that the free bird has the freedom to move anywhere in the world, while the caged bird is in captivity, full of pain and rage.
Bertha Flowers, who introduces her to great literature. Louis when Maya and Bailey are sent there to be with their mother. With this, the speaker implies that although the caged bird may never have experienced freedom, he still sings of it because he was created for freedom. The bird can only do so much in the cage he is in. Back in San Francisco, Maya realizes how much she has changed.
Vivian, however, finally kicks him out when he takes up with a white prostitute. After she stops speaking, Angelou and her brother are sent back to Stamps. Breaking the dishes represents Mayas singing because it is a form of rebellion. When Maya was working for a white woman, Mrs. This autobiography shows the difficulty of a black woman growing up surrounded by discrimination and poverty, but also shows her determination, joy and hope.
The third stanza also supports the feelings of longing presented in the second. Maya takes the train down to Southern California to spend the summer with her father and her father's girlfriend,. Wings are associated with flight, which in turn is associated with freedom. In her childhood, her love of books and her devotion to her brother Bailey are the only sustaining things in her life. She gently nurses Maya out of her mutism by reading to her and by loaning her books that inspire Maya to speak again. Through this poem, she holds for us to see the sufferings of the African-Americans. When she returns to school in the fall, Maya has matured to the point that she no longer fits in with her peers.
In the first stanza, the author seems to want the readers to be accustomed to the idea of the being free in a picturesque guise of a flying bird soaring in the skies. He yells at her and storms out. But they soon find out he is leaving them with a mother that they don't even know. Vivian captivates both her children with her worldliness and euphoria, especially Bailey. They finally reach home, and Dolores and Daddy Bailey have an argument; she says she wants to marry him, but dislikes Maya and doesn't want her around.
Then the free bird again comes into view in the fourth stanza and enjoys life on trade winds, trees and in the width and breadth of the sky. Maya, however, is determined and doggedly pursues the position. People join in and sing, and the condescension of Mr. Social and political factors impacted their lives. The cage is narrow and its metaphorical bars are of rage. He wants to explore, and be like the free bird. One morning she wakes up after her mother has left, and feels a pressure in her back.