However, there are instances when it is appropriate to compare or contrast your results with findings from previous and similar studies. It should bring out some suspense in them. While doing this, every point should be limited to its essence, so that too much information will not be in your hands after the sieving of points. In deciding what data to describe in your results section, you must clearly distinguish information that would normally be included in a research paper from any raw data or other content that could be included as an appendix. When you have edited and re-edited your paper, formatted your work according to the subject matter, and finalized all the main points, you are ready to create the final draft. Graphs are by far the most common figures in the Results section and are used to show relationships between data. If you choose, you can create a supplemental online archive where other researchers can access the raw data if they choose to do so.
Use their to yet again. Long enough to strongly answer your thesis. Even if not all of your research results are confirmed, you should not ignore them. Always enter the appropriate when reporting data or summary statistics. The short answer is that the research paper is a report summarizing the answers to the research questions you generated in your. Tube 4's A 600 was measured only at Time 0 and at the end of the experiment.
If so, how do you interpret your findings? Organize your notes by collecting all of your highlighted phrases and ideas into categories based on topic. As the author, it's your responsibility to comb through the data and select the important values and statistics that are necessary to answer your research question. Nurse Anesthesia 1993;4 3 :130-5. As stated previously, you may find crucial information in someone else's study that helps you interpret your own data, or perhaps you will be able to reinterpret others' findings in light of yours. Evaluating the medical literature Part I: Abstract, Introduction, Methods.
The Structure, Format, Content, and Style of a Journal-Style Scientific Paper. Here you will indicate what types of descriptive statistics were used and which analyses usually hypothesis tests were employed to answer each of the questions or hypotheses tested and determine statistical siginifcance. The thesis statement comes at the end of you introduction paragraph, but its location in the essay is not why you should develop the thesis first. However, the following steps can be used to compose the results of most scientific research studies and are essential for researchers who are new to preparing a manuscript for publication or who need a reminder of how to construct the Results section. Table One shows that almost a quarter of…. It is very simple and fast to order your work online and to get an excellent paper just in the term! Even if your study did not support your hypothesis, it does not mean that the conclusions you reach are not useful. How to Organize Your Research Paper The best way to speed your writing is to do a little planning.
The text should guide the reader through your results stressing the key results which provide the answers to the question s investigated. If you are in doubt about how much to include, you can always insert your raw data into the appendix section, allowing others to follow your calculations from the start. Style: Write the text of the Results section concisely and objectively. Do not show the same data in two forms data should be presented as either a table or a figure not both. What is the Results section and what does it do? These were randomly assigned into two groups with the aid of a computer-generated table of random numbers. Ask yourself what information the reader needs to learn first in order to understand the rest of the paper.
Write down a list of all the notes you are using from each individual resource, and then highlight each category of information in a different color. Doing Your Education Research Project. All the results should be explained in the text of the results section as well as being presented in either figures or tables. This should be related to the interpretation of your results and not restating what was said in the introduction when you reviewed the relevant literature. The best decision for you is to contact a reliable writing service. Style : Use the active voice whenever possible in this section. Simply put the author's last name, the year of publication, and page number if needed in parentheses after the information you copy.
You should also never include tables and figures without referring the them in the text. Writing the Research Paper Note Taking As you read the information in your bibliography, you'll want to take notes. Avoid use of the first person in this section. Is the topic new and unique enough that I can offer fresh opinions? This is useful in re-orientating the reader's focus back to the research after reading the literature review and your explanation of the methods of data gathering and analysis. Remember, the results section of your paper is all about simply providing the data from your study. Each appendix should contain different material. Does it say what you wanted it to say? Style : Use the active voice as much as possible.
Always give credit where credit is due! Step 4: Draft your Results section using the findings and figures you have organized. Was your hypothesis supported by the statistical result? Be sure to include the hypotheses you tested, controls, treatments, variables measured, how many replicates you had, what you actually measured, what form the data take, etc. If your Abstract was the only part of the paper you could access, would you be happy with the information presented there? If you find you do need to include the raw data, it's often best listed in an appendix instead of in the main body of the paper. New York: Teachers College Press, 2011; Introduction to Nursing Research: Reporting Research Findings. The negative results, and how you handle them, often gives you the makings of a great discussion section, so do not be afraid to highlight them. They can also offer you standard.
One reason for using this format is that it is a means of efficiently communicating scientific findings to the broad community of scientists in a uniform manner. Will you have the knowledge to understand what causes the behavior you observe? Bates College; Schafer, Mickey S. It is characterized by single actions per sentence and lots of unnecessary details. When writing the summary, you must work with a particular template. Why did you choose this kind of experiment or experimental design? If a simple equation describes aspects of your science fair project, include it. Shows that demographic and prognostic variables were evenly balanced in the process of random allocation of subjects to experimental and control groups. Use your dictionary to correct spelling and your spell checker to catch typos.