For example, you may have noticed an unusual correlation between two variables during the analysis of your results. To help focus your paper, use your outline to create your paragraphs. For many journals, you can submit duplicate figures: one in color for the online version of the journal and pdfs, and another in black and white for the hardcopy journal Figure 4. . The parents then had to sign and return an informed consent document.
Explain why you have come to this particular conclusion. The Relevance of the Research: The purpose of every research is to implement the results for the positive development of the relevant subject. Your conclusion merely summarizes what is contained in the body and wraps it up. In particular, it is not supposed to tell a story. Just a small amount of writing to go from this point. As you go, you'll bring up the main topic of your essay to give your readers an idea of where you're headed.
Then the article explains 12 specific steps to take to write an effective Discussion chapter. We will give you a free consultation and offer strategies to get you on track to receiving your PhD! Write your position at the top of a sheet of paper or at the top of a word processing document to start your outline. Thus, teachers need to spend class time educating students about positive, effective study skills. Reducing wordiness is important when you only have a few paragraphs to devote to the Discussion section! This is especially true if the information is vital to the argument or research presented in your paper. It is subject to revision, addition and canceling, without paying much attention to form. Length of the manuscript Again, look at the journal's Guide for Authors, but an ideal length for a manuscript is 25 to 40 pages, double spaced, including essential data only.
Syringes of identical appearence containing either agent were prepared by the satellite pharmacist, who alone was aware of group assignment. Avoid topics that have only a very narrow range of source materials. Economy of words is important throughout any paper, but especially in an abstract. This means that when you explain a phenomenon you must describe mechanisms that may account for the observation. Again, check the Guide for Authors and look at the number of keywords admitted, label, definitions, thesaurus, range, and other special requests. Make your thesis statement Most research papers normally require a thesis statement.
It places your work in a theoretical context, and enables the reader to understand and appreciate your objectives. Try to use different wording, as well; don't just copy and paste the same language you used before. You then guide us through a series of intricate images and graphs that capture all the relevant data you collected during your research. The predicted Angle and Range values are compared with actual values obtained from real-life environment In most of the cases the predicted values are in the region of the actual measured range and Angle values. This study provided evidence that primary school teachers in Nigeria need additional professional development to improve their beliefs about literacy development so they can be more effective literacy instructors.
There are variations of course. Consider which statistical result from the results section supports that recommendation. For an excellent source on English composition, check out this classic book by William Strunk, Jr. Evaluating the medical literature Part I: Abstract, Introduction, Methods. This can be framed as new research questions that emerged as a result of your analysis. The Practice of Nursing Research: Conduct, Critique, and Utilization. You must take this into account, or they may be illegible to readers Figure 6.
For academic writing help, consider these tips on how to write discussion section of your academic article This article is part of an ongoing series on academic writing help of scholarly articles. They must be selective, and this selection often comes from the title. Devise your own method to organize your notes. Your attitude towards the topic may well determine the amount of effort and enthusiasm you put into your research. Once you've taken your notes, add 3-4 bullet points underneath each main idea. However, even better results are achieved when using our algorithm. After a bus ride, we spent nights walking, my dad carrying me most of the way.
In the case of European projects, do not forget to include the grant number or reference. Parts of a Scientific Paper You can get a pretty good idea about writing a scientific paper from a template found online, but your writing will also benefit from a detailed guide into every part of the paper. This is especially useful if you have used many statistical manipulations, so that people can check your calculations and ensure that you have not made any mistakes. University of Florida; Yellin, Linda L. This blog series focuses on useful academic writing tips. For example, if your paper is about endangered species and why they are becoming endangered and you feel it's due to neglect by world citizens, then that's your hypothesis: the increasing numbers of endangered species is due to failure on the part of citizens of the world to care for the environment. Make this section a completely objective report of the results, and save all interpretation for the discussion.
Alexander Peterman is a Private Tutor in Florida. The discussion section should remain focused on the findings of your study. One day, we crossed a river. After taking a side, think about the initial reading you did. The results and discussion are relatively cut and dried.
Write the book title or article information at the top of the page, and add the page number by each section you take notes on or quote, if applicable. Otherwise, put it in your own words. Be cautious about using web sites as references - anyone can put just about anything on a web site, and you have no sure way of knowing if it is truth or fiction. You should only cover 3 to 4 main points in a relatively short essay, such as one that's 3 to 5 pages. Your data are the driving force of the paper, so your illustrations are critical! University of North Carolina; Schafer, Mickey S. Example: The object motion prediction is done by incorporating human experience in the form of fuzzy inference rules.