In the following sections, we will present the way that we want you to cite your references in the term paper for this course. Then you write the city the book was published in, the name of the publisher and the year the book was published. Each time you use some information from a source, you will need to cite the source that it came from. Continually check your references to online documents. This way, when you are typing your bibliography you won't need to go back to the library and find any missing information. Alphabetize group authors or no authors by the first significant word in the name.
If some of the information is included in the body of the sentence, exclude it from the parenthetical citation. Plus, it is good practice! You may have additional information from the Web if appropriate. Vanishing wildlife of North America. Much of the information you will need to create a chapter in a print book citation can be found on the title page. Try not to add fluff and unnecessary details into your paper or writing.
Author First author's last name, followed by the initials. Start a preliminary, or draft, bibliography by listing on a separate sheet of paper all your sources. A research paper does not normally need a title page, but if the paper is a group project, create a title page and list all the authors on it instead of in the header on page 1 of your essay. Indeed, questions historians ask frame the research project, and influence the interpretive lenses through which historians view primary sources. This article was co-authored by. Term Paper: Format of Citations and References Term Paper: Format of Citations and References 1. Proper citation documents the evidence historians use as they interpret the past.
When this happens, you should simply move to the next step of your citation. You will find it easier to prepare your final bibliography if you keep track of each book, encyclopedia, or article you use as you are reading and taking notes. Month and year of publication: page numbers. Secondary sources analyze, review, and interpret primary sources. When claiming an online source as a primary document, list the source of the web page in addition to the electronic address. Putting It All Together Writing your annotated bibliography in small steps can make a large task seem far less intimidating. Watson, L, and Dallwitz, M.
Newspaper article: Author last name first. Double-space between the title and the first entry. Book with Two or Three Authors B James, Frances, Howard Sweat, and Waleed Tawhed. If the author's name is unknown, alphabetize by the title, ignoring any A, An, or The. Having obtained a Master of Science in psychology in East Asia, Damon Verial has been applying his knowledge to related topics since 2010. Then one day a dark cloud overshadowed the world. Most teachers suggest that you follow a standard style for listing different types of sources.
It also allows a writer to give proper credit for quotes or key phrases that have been written and presented in a source that they may have referenced in their paper so as to avoid plagiarism. Seperate each source with a hanging indent, which will make the first line of each source flush with your left margin and every other line indented. Or, a contemporary painting of slave life might be used as a primary source for interpreting 21 st century art form. Publication Information After the contributor information and title comes the publication information. Center the title, Works Cited, an inch from the top of the page.
Separate them as you usually do for a list e. However, place the year in parenthesis after the author. Answering these types of questions will help you formulate an effective critique and evaluation of each source. If a source has more than one author, alphabetize using the first one. Alphabetize the entries in your list by the author's last name, using the letter-by-letter system ignore spaces and other punctuation. The publisher location uses the city, for large cities such as New York, but otherwise includes the city and state.
Place a period after that. The exception is for pronouns as they should begin with a capital letter. A research paper requires searching for information pertinent to a given subject, organizing it, and presenting it effectively in written form. Write these organizations in their entirety, and place them where you would write the author. It's best to avoid these, because they may sell your information to businesses that will clog your inbox with spam. For each source, include all required bibliographic information, like the author's name and the date of publication. A reader's guide to science fiction.
There are cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Enter the title or url. These can serve as appropriate references for research reports and term papers. Also make sure that you only capitalize the first word in the title and the subtitle, if there is one. In all other instances, leave it out. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2000. The running head of a research paper.