Copyright 2009 by Name of Copyright Holder. Provide 1 person being interviewed, 2 the interviewer, 3 title of the episode, if given, 4 the date of the interview, 5 name of the program, 6 the network. You are thus stealing the credit for someone else's hard work, and academics take theft of intellectual property seriously. To do that, you need to provide complete citations in a consistent citation style. Writing Footnotes Format quotes from a book with the name of the author s , the title of the work, the publisher, the place of publication, the date of the publication, and the page number.
James Strachey New York: Norton, 1957. If this link does not work for you, contact your library to see if your institution provides access to scholarly journals through some other means. You can also specify the location in the clip that you are citing using an hour:minute:second format, e. Inserting Footnotes Use a feature of software, such as Microsoft Office Word 2007 instead of inserting footnotes manually. These are not required, however, and should be used only when necessary to answer potential questions the reader might have that would lead them to question your work. Together, they cited information from. In resolutions, an item is referenced the first time that it is mentioned in the preamble and the first time that it is mentioned in the operative part; when it is necessary to repeat a reference, the footnote indicator is repeated without repeating the footnote itself.
Standard citation styles give her enough information to find it online or to order it through interlibrary loan, for instance. Each footnote will be marked as a superscript number beside each reference point in the document. Rolle, California: A History, 5th ed. Ted Poston, A First Draft of History, ed. List the names in the same order as they appear on the title page.
Use a double space between footnotes on the same page. Material not available on the Official Document System website. Titles in other non-Latin alphabets are transliterated where possible. Note that the citation specifies the census year and provides the geographic location where the person was counted the town or township, the county, and the state. Titles of works in another language are set out in the normal way e.
For example: 1 K Reid, Higher Education or Education for Hire? Martin's Press, 2003 , 183-208. Put the publication info in parentheses. The Secret of Roan Inish, dir. Congress, Senate, Committee on Foreign Relations, The War in Chechnya: Russia's Conduct, The Humanitarian Crisis, and United States Policy: Hearing on S. If a single fact in the text refers to several sources, include all of the sources in a single note. In masthead documents, publications and supplements, references to newspaper articles, public statements, interviews, personal communications and material on a website may be given in footnotes, text notes or directly in the text, as appropriate.
For more details on Chicago-style footnotes, see at or the Chicago Manual itself available at the Duggan Library. Volume in a Multivolume Work James McPherson, Ordeal by Fire, vol. If you are reading this page from the Hanover College campus, you can click to see an example of a published article using Chicago Manual style footnotes. The second and subsequent references to a particular source may be abbreviated in two ways: by abbreviating the information of the first citation or by using Latin abbreviations such as ibid and op. This paragraph may not be reproduced without permission. Examples are given throughout these instructions. If you quote Taft again later in your paper, she'll want to know more about that information too, and so she'll again look to the end of the paragraph for the superscript number that will direct her to the bottom of your page.
When you do need to cite the same source more than once, you can use a shortened version of the bibliographic entry. Petersburg, 1890-1914 Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993 , 33. In publications, the number of footnotes can be reduced by using the author-date system or keyed references. These writers have largely revived the digressive function of the footnote. Psychological Review, 86, 124-180, 1979, p.
Otherwise, choose the style most often used by writers in your field. With a single author Provide all the necessary information in the first footnote. If the notes are located at the bottom of each page, they're called footnotes; if they're collected at the end of the paper, they're called endnotes. Often it can be difficult to tell where your research ends and your own ideas begin or whether a fact or idea can be considered common enough to skip the citation. Book, from a multivolume work 10. Follow it with a comma between the last word and the quotation mark.
Titles of Arabic, Chinese and Russian works are transliterated when they appear in texts issued in other languages. Each option will be perfectly referenced according to the style guide you choose in the style drop-down menu. Use those models for reference works available online only if they appear exactly as they did in print i. Book Edition other than 1st Marcia L. These abbreviations should be in lowercase, even when they appear at the beginning of a note. Psychological Review, 86, 124-180, 1979, p. Alan Sheridan New York: Vintage, 1977 , 196.