Report exact p values to two or three decimal places e. Publisher City: Publisher Name, Year Published. Ask yourself questions about your paper. If you include multiple tables and figures, give each its own page. This should include the initial hypothesis, an outline of the data and its analysis, and a summary of conclusions. Copyright © 2014 The Trustees of Hamilton College.
The reference can then be located in the References at the end of the paper. Also, include a page header at the top of every page that gives a brief synopsis of your paper's title in under 50 characters. Devote a separate page to the abstract. General formatting rules are as follows: Do not put page breaks in between the introduction, method, results, and discussion sections. The other one would be to simply avoid mentioning certain sources that pose difficulty in formatting — especially if you do not plan to quote or refer to them directly. What further research should be conducted on the topic? How were the participants recruited? State how many participants took part and how they were selected. The word should stand alone and in normal font.
This is just a sampling, reviewing the style manuals for each will reveal many other differences. Following the presentation of all the statistics and numbers, be sure to state the nature of your finding s in words and whether or not they support your hypothesis e. New York: Worth Table There are various formats for tables, depending upon the information you wish to include. Work that includes two writers needs an in-text citation with both their names, separated by an ampersand. If you are writing your paper for a psychology course, your professor may have specific word requirements, so be sure to ask.
All citations end with a period. You should not place your keywords above the abstract text; this is where you should put the title. Title page see sample on p. In other words, what is it that you set out to investigate in your analysis or review. Basic reference list format for a print report Author Last Name, First Initial.
Remember, although the abstract should be placed at the beginning of your paper right after the title page , you will write the abstract last after you have completed a final draft of your paper. For instance, if you present a table of means and standard deviations, you do not need to also report these in the text. Title of Periodical, Volume Issue , page range. It should describe, in simple terms, the exact design of your research. However, if you use a figure to represent your results, you may wish to report means and standard deviations in the text, as these may not always be precisely ascertained by examining the figure. He has written numerous learning guides for students in Visual Basic and Web design and has developed several Web sites on the Cariboo Gold Rush and the Cottonwood Roadhouse in British Columbia.
For example, you might identify if you used a within-subjects, between-subjects, or mixed design. Bill Atkinson, a retired English and computer science teacher, has been a professional writer since 2011. If so, how can you rearrange things to avoid redundancy? Nature, 445 7124 , 168-176. Note that in some studies e. It does require mentioning the place of publication, though. Take a look at the specific examples: A book with an author Blacksmith, J. When you list a control variable e.
Different types of information about your study are addressed in each of the sections, as described below. Examples of references to journal articles start on p. Together, they cited information from. Look at the example of a long quotation below. The title page, abstract, references, table s , and figure s should be on their own pages. Did they support the hypothesis or not? The title and the serial number of a periodical, on the other hand, will be italicized.
Underneath the figure provide a label and brief caption e. In many cases, you might begin by stating the question you sought out to investigate and your. Know which type of abstract you need to write. This citation provides author an avenue to express accountability and credibility to related literature or references used in written material. A direct quote is referenced by including the page number, as in Murrell, 2005, p. Write a paragraph that summarizes topic, methods, results, and discussions. It should not exceed 50 characters, including punctuation and spacing.
Perhaps these could be incorporated into the future research section, below. A discussion section is like the reverse of the introduction, in that you begin with the specifics and work toward the more general funnel out. After your paper is done, go back and reread what you've written to identify your purpose, methods, scope, results, and conclusions. If the name of the author is not included in the sentence, state their name after it. Use Tab key 7 Reference Page : · This page begins on a new page. If you have surprising findings, you might discuss other theories that can help to explain the findings. For details on how to cite technical and research reports look under section 7.