Sample Reference Page: How to Cite Various Source Types: Books A book is a written work or composition that has been published — typically printed on pages bound together. Among the favorite sources of information nowadays is the internet. When quoting or summarizing a particular passage, include the specific page or paragraph number, as well. However, you must include an in-text citation anytime you reference these texts in your writing. When no author is listed, exclude the author information and start the citation with the title followed by the year in parentheses.
Place this information in italics. When possible, include the year, month, and date in references. Prairie farmers reap conservation's rewards. Possible addition identifiers may include Producer, Director, etc. The citation should look like the example below.
How to Structure the Title: For book titles: Only capitalize the first letter of the first word in the title and the same for the subtitle. Capitalize the first letter for any proper nouns as well. European Journal of Marketing, 41, 1245-1283. Instead, write the name of the title and then the date, then followed by the remaining appropriate bibliographic data. Place of Publication Location of the publisher. Example: At the time, papyrus was used to create paper, but it was only grown and available in mass quantities in Egypt.
Only capitalize the first letter. A case study of Twitter use. Bridging the gap between theory and applied social gerontology. Title of Journal, volume number. To begin creating this citation, place a left parenthesis here. This posed a problem for the Greeks and Romans, but they managed to have it exported to their civilizations.
For this specific source type, include the name of the database in the citation. Tech Trends , 57 2 , 39-45. How to Reference a Lecture This style of reference would be used if you were citing a set of notes from a lecture e. Citations for Magazines Citing a magazine article in print: Tumulty, K. Include additional information like translators, editors, first edition publication date, and so on as you would for print sources. Example: Active voice: The subjects reacted to the medication. Reevaluation of short-term recognition studies.
This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Robbins, personal communication, January 4, 2001. Other citation styles are available as well. Example: The medication caused drowsiness, upset stomach, and fatigue. We cite sources for many reasons. Your abstract summary is a way to introduce readers to your research topic, the questions that will be answered, the process you took, and any findings or conclusions you drew.
Place of Publication The city, state, or country of the publisher. Place a colon after the location. End this information with a period. Government author: Illinois Department of Industrial Relations. It is how you find a page on the internet; the address of the web page.
Title of Online Periodical, volume number issue number if available. Year, Month Day of Publication. Bold and center this subtitle. If this is the end of the sentence, put a period after the right parenthesis. What is a running head? Drought: An International Problem, 14 8.