She also provided documents such as birth and death certificates to prove the allegations that she made. These, with their wives and children, were sent to to be put in prison; the men to be tried for murders committed in their skirmishes in Kansas on their way to the north. For those who are not familiar with the author, it should be noted that this work remains one of the most insightful, coherent and perhaps precise treatment on the unfair and even cruel conduct given to American Indians by Americans during the age of expansion. We have encroached upon their means of subsistence without furnishing them any proper return; we have shut them up on reservations often notoriously unfit for them, or, if fit, we have not hesitated to drive them off for our profit, without regard to theirs; we have treated them sometimes as foreign nations, with whom we have had treaties; sometimes as wards, who are entitled to no voice in the management of their affairs; and sometimes as subjects, from whom we have required obedience, but to whom we have recognized no obligations. Jackson's legacy in both these works continues to inform us today about the history of the Native American people. Helen Hunt Jackson: A Literary Life, p.
For example, no details are given regarding the type of text used. Her second husband was a wealthy man and she could have lived a life of leisure after her marriage. Shafer, See also ; ; Indian Policy, U. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant. Under its original land grants, the Mexican government provided for resident Indians to continue to occupy such lands. Instead she made the best of her circumstances and selflessly fought to improve the situation for those less fortunate.
Jackson is very much an elderly lady of that time, so her focus is often on the piety of the converted Indians, and there are many references to poor creatures. I read this about 10 years ago and it has stayed with me ever since. He described the forceful removal of the Ponca from their reservation in Nebraska. We tend to forget that Native Americans had fully-developed cultures and economies, and that they negotiated treaties with the colonial and U. This book has changed the way I see U.
Her last letter was written to President and she said: From my death bed I send you message of heartfelt thanks for what you have already done for the Indians. Today Helen-Hunt's revolutionary and enlightened work is still reprinted, read and discussed by people across the country. So I have laid in my lodge most of the time with nothing to think about but that, and the affair up north at Fort Robinson, and my relatives and friends who were killed there. The names of the different tribes and bands, as entered in the statistical table so the Indian Office Reports, number nearly three hundred. If an Indian was to commit a crime against a person of European descent, it would be.
If I had something, so that I could do something, I might not think so much about these other things. They were unanimous in declaring that they would rather die than go back to the. Resting place , , U. The testimony of some of the highest military officers of the United States is on record to the effect that, in our Indian wars, almost without exception, the first aggressions have been made by the white man. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world , and other notations in the work.
The story of one tribe is the story of all, varied only differences of time and place; but neither time nor place makes any difference in the main facts. Jackson had become a prominent figure in the plight of the Native American nation and her involvement and deep concern had begun the process of taking account of American Indians. Without citizenship the Indians will not have this. Instead she became aware that an injustice was being done and she worked relentlessly to bring about a change. Every crime committed by a white man against an Indian is concealed and palliated. In 1884 she published Ramona, the story of a girl who was half Indian and half Scottish, orphaned and being raised in California. Originally titled In The Name of the Law, it was published as 1884 , the name of the main character.
The colophon or reverse side of the title page includes the following pertinent information. Commissioner of Indian Affairs, , recommended her appointment as an Interior Department agent. The characters were based on people known by Jackson and incidents which she had encountered. There is plenty of good, cool water there—pure water—while here the water is not good. Her attitude and values were ahead of her time. He stopped the issue of food; he also stopped the issue of fuel to them.
I had two brothers, who died soon after birth and a sister Anne. They were not always popular because of their convictions. I will do whatever I am needed to do to. Among her special targets was U. These items are presented as part of the historical record and should not be interpreted to mean that the WebMasters in any way endorse the stereotypes implied. This book indicated that the government was mistreating and cruel to the Native Americans. Therefore, even though many horrible things had happened to the Indians and their situation was dire, she was still writing with hope that something could be done, and that things could get better.
Whatever aspect of history you wish learn about, you will find it at Historycentral. Army Captain Edward Bissell Hunt. Unfortunately, it was killed in the House of Representatives. Additionally, one of her main arguments for better treatment of Natives lies in her belief in chivalry, and the necessity of the government protecting those she considers weak. Although some townspeople raise questions about the lottery, they all go along with it in the end. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Amazing how much Jackson cared about the well being of the Native Americans and their rights as human beings during a time most could care less.
The summer proved one of unusual heat. The result was the Dawes Act that broke up reservation land into individual plots. Indians from other reservations had hunted the ground over before them, and driven the buffalo off; and the Cheyennes made their way home again in straggling parties, destitute and hungry. Once again, the poor condition of this volume can be seen in the above photo. She showed how the government did not honor any of its agreements. She was inspired by her friend 's 1852.