Leisure Studies, 33 1 , 48-61. The book covers key topics such as: - conceptual Models- qualitative research methods- choosing an appropriate research design- undertaking a literature review- the key research methods such as questionnaires, interviews, content analysis and ethnographic studies. London 2012: Will it be Regeneration or Renaissance? The book offers the reader a step-by-step guide to the research process, from designing a research project, to collecting and analysing data, to reporting the research, all of which is richly illustrated with sport-related case-studies and examples. In such circumstances, performers may need to reduce symptom intensity, restructure cognitions, and then raise activation states once again to appropriate levels, particularly if individuals possess insufficient self-confidence to manage their symptoms and to protect against negative interpretations. The findings of the current study provide the basis to indicate that certain psychological skills i. He is author of Research Methods for Sport Studies which has been translated into several languages with a third edition published in 2015, and Qualitative Research in Sport and Physical Activity with Lorraine Brown and Immy Holloway.
In: Enacting Leisure, Recreating Leisure - Leisure Studies Conference 4-6 July 2017 Leeds Beckett University. In: Australian Society for Sports History 3 July-6 June 2017 Sydney, Australia. Therefore, they do not consider the interpretation of symptoms in relation to the upcoming sporting event Jones and Swain, ; Parfitt et al. In: Serious and Casual Leisure: Extensions and Applications 17 November 2005 Putteridge Bury Conference Centre, University of Luton, England. One individual difference variable that has consistently been shown to be a discriminating factor of the directional response is that of skill level e. The scale measuring concentration disruption was removed due to its reported failure to function in accordance with theoretical expectations Dunn et al. Specifically, when appraising the likelihood of goal attainment individuals retrieve and utilize expectancies in the form of behavioral scenarios that are played through mentally i.
A model of serious leisure identification: the case of football fandom. Journal of Consumer Culture, 17 2 , 303-320. Lastly, in the context of professional practice, knowledge of how elite and nonelite athletes respond in stressful circumstances and the techniques they adopt are of important value for practitioners concerning the implementation of psychological skills training and intervention with athletes of different standards. Sports Studies Programmes in Higher Education. Sport Research and the Internet 13. In: University of Luton 5th Teaching and Learning Conference 17 July 2004 Putteridge Bury Conference Centre, University of Luton, England. Seven factors are common to both competition and practice contexts, whereas negative thinking is only included in the competition context and attentional control only in the practice context.
The perceived social impacts of the 2006 World Cup on Munich residents. A number of predictions were made based upon the competitive anxiety literature. As expected, anxiety was negatively related to serve accuracy. Research Methods for Sport Studies Chinese Translation. Putting your Running body on the line. The nature by which athletes use self-confidence to manage responses in stressful situations was identified in Hanton et al.
Based upon the work of Carver and Scheier ; , Jones, proposed that performers who perceive themselves as being in control and able to cope with their anxiety and achieve their goals are predicted to interpret symptoms associated with competitive anxiety as facilitative. It will therefore be essential reading for all undergraduates on sport courses undertaking a research project or dissertation. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 29 3 , 900-923. London Journal of Tourism, Sport and Creative Studies, 1, 22-29. Taken together the studies that have considered the influence of psychological skills upon symptom interpretation in elite and nonelite populations suggest that lesser skilled performers experience their anxiety intensity levels as debilitative and appear to use primarily relaxation strategies, relying minimally on other psychological skills. Student Issues -- Journals publishing sports-related research.
In: International Conference on Tourism and Events: Opportunities, Impacts and Change 20-23 June 2012 Belfast. Conversely, as somatic state anxiety symptoms are classically conditioned to environmental cues, physical manifestations experienced tend to dissipate at the onset of competition as players become more involved in the activity i. First, in line with the extant skill level findings e. In: Journeys in Leisure: Leisure Studies Association Conference 17-19 July 2001 University of Luton, England. The scale comprised 9 items with respondents rating the intensity of each on a 4-point Likert scale ranging from 1 not at all to 4 very much so with total scores ranging from 9 to 36. Sports Research and the Internet -- 16.
In comparison, those who perceive themselves not to be in control, and possess negative expectancies regarding goal attainment, are predicted to interpret symptoms as debilitative Jones,. The Health and Fitness Club as the New Third Place. Analysing Data I: Quantitative Data Analysis -- 13. In: University of Luton 6th Teaching and Learning Conference 17 June 2005 Putteridge Bury Conference Centre, University of Luton, England. Finally, for psychological skill usage, it was predicted that elite athletes would use greater amounts of psychological skills, including goal setting, imagery, and self-talk Hanton and Jones, , while nonelite performers would report greater relaxation skill usage Fletcher and Hanton,. Leading the reader step-by-step through the entire research process, from identifying a research question and collecting and analyzing data to writing the research report, it is richly illustrated throughout with sport-related case-studies and examples from around the world.
The elite group reported more facilitative interpretations of competitive anxiety symptoms, higher levels of self-confidence, lower relaxation usage, and greater imagery and self-talk use than their nonelite counterparts. However, taken collectively with the existing empirical research that has considered the athletes use of psychological skills and strategies e. Visit the companion website at: www. The book broke down the different ways to go about qualitative and quantitative sport science research. Collectively, therefore, these findings suggest therefore that elite athletes may be utilizing more psychological skills in order to enhance self-confidence and protect against the potential debilitating effects of stressful situations.