The growth of the Bengal provinces soon undermined Bombay's supremacy. Throughout the British administration, Governors-General retreated to the at each summer to escape the heat, and the government of India moved with them. Calcutta at that time was described as a pestilential town. He next turned to save Donabew from the hands of the British but in the attempt he lost his life. He also discontinued the allowance of the ruling houses of Tanjore and Carnatie. He organized Statistical survey of India. Ellenborough despatched General Nott to assist General Pollock at Jalalabad.
It increased to nearly 120,000 by 1752 and to 180,000 by 1821. Lord Cornwallis 1786-1793 Introduced Permanent Settlement of Bengal also called Zamindari system. In 1848 the king of Satara died without a natural heir but he had adopted a son without the permission of the Company. The Afghans deposed and killed the British stooge Shah Shuja and placed Dost Mohammad on the Afghan throne. This system, called Suttee, i. He at Lahore used to hear appeals from the judgements of the local officers who decided cases according to local customs. In the last quarter of the eighteenth century the Burmese king Bodowpaya and his son Pogydoa extended the Burmese territories making the borders of the Burmese kingdom touch those of the British empire in India.
Nagpur was not a state created by the Company, but as the king had adopted an heir without the permission of the Company, Nagpur was occupied by Lord Dalhousie. He introduced Police reforms according to which each district was divided into 400 square miles and placed under a police superintendent. Sleeman to suppress the Thugees and to eliminate the menace altogether Sleeman succeeded in obtaining secret information about the dens of the Thugees from one of the Thugees named Feringhia and suppressed them totally during 1829-30. Auckland began to espouse the cause of Shah Shuja and to attempt recovery of the Persian throne for the latter. Before his appointment as Governor-General he had joined the British Council of Ministers as the President of the Board of Trade.
Volume 6: The Indian Empire 1858-1918. So let us start from beginning. The villages were placed under village Panchayats. The began with the , which was signed on 6 March 1775, between of the Maratha Empire and the British. Towards the end of 1831 Ranjit Singh was personally met by Lord Bentinck at Ruper on the river Sutlej as a gesture of friendship. Lord Irwin 1926-1931 Simon commission visited India in 1928.
Treaty of Amritsar 1809 - with Ranjit Singh 3. From 1947 to 1950, the Governor-General of India used a dark blue flag bearing the royal crest a lion standing on the Crown , beneath which was the word 'India' in gold. Archived from on 6 October 2008. He also did not study the topography of the region which would itself make it rather impossible for the Persian army even with Russian help to cross over Afghanistan to the Indian frontier. Lord Curzon 1899-1905 Partition of Bengal 1905 into two provinces- Bengal and East Bengal was done during his time.
The President of the Council of State was appointed by the Viceroy; the Legislative Assembly elected its President, but the election required the Viceroy's approval. Alexander Burnes as he was proceeding by water route through the river Indus to Lahore noted the immense possibility of British trade in Sind and the strategic importance Sind possessed. Again in 1841 the Court of Directors sent instruction that the Company must not lose any opportunity to expand British territories in India by any means just and honourable. Now we will see the Governor General of India list and important events. This gave Lord Dalhousie an opportunity to annex Nagpur. Capital of British India Calcutta did not become the capital of British until 1772, when the first governor-general, , transferred all important offices to the city from Murshidabad, the provincial Mughal capital.
By turn of events, it so happened that during the administration of Lord Dalhousie several rulers of the Indian States died without any heir which gave him opportunity to apply his Doctrine of Lapse and bring their states within the British Empire. Lord Gough at first took the field against Sher Singh but could not defeat him in the engagement near Ramnagar. Lord Amherst 1823-1828 His tenure was known for First Anglo Burmese War 1824-26 and Mutiny of Barrackpur 1824 Lord William Bentick 1828-1835 Lord William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck Lord William Bentick was British Soldier and Statesman. As per the Act India became independent on August 15, 1947. Lord Mountbatten was the Governor General of independent India from 1947 to 1948 later on the first and the last Indian governor general of India was Chakravarti Rajagopalachari who was the governor general of India till 1950 after the Indian Republican act 1950 the post of governor general was abolished.
The Governor-General now also the Viceroy headed the central government of India, which administered the , including the , , , , the , and others. Cartier 1769-72 Governor Generals 1773-1858 Warren Hastings 1773-1785 Became Governor in 1772 and Governor-General in 1773 through Regulating Act of 1773 1. The Thugees who infested the highways and would strangulate the passers-by and looted their belongings. A substitute was appointed in his place and was sent by the British Resident at Lahore with an army escort under the leadership of two British officers Vans Agnew and Anderson. This led to a great disorder in Gwalior, the advantage of which was taken by the army which seized the political power of the country. The abolition of inland customs duties in 1835 created an open market, and the construction of railways beginning in 1854 further quickened the development of business and industry.