Thus it became increasingly important to regulate the garments of the various classes in order to maintain the established. Elizabethan Family Life Family life during the Elizabethan period was largely determined by what class the family was in. Also, the men usually received a better education than the women. His successor, Sir Francis Walsingham, was the mastermind of the English spy network which defended Queen Elizabeth against foreign powers and plots. These people were poor, had no land of their own and worked for others. What they wore made them who they were and could tell someone how rich or poor they were.
The others in this class, still wore clothes that were practical, but reflected that they had. These businesspeople thrived in the cities and often served in the urban government. Those guilty of lesser crimes were sent to prison or to the stocks. The rich enjoyed , , and. Instead, they stayed home and learned how to manage a household, performing duties like cooking, cleaning and attending to the children.
He was the father of Eleanor Dare and grandfather of Virginia Dare, the first English born child in the New World. It became fashionable to have your teeth blackened by applying cosmetics to get this effect if enough quantities of sugar were not available to you. From the frequent references to apprentices brawling and rioting and attending playhouses, one suspects that the strict rules preventing them from almost any normal enjoyment were often flouted. They were rich and powerful, and they had large households. Social class could determine the whole life of a person, from what they could wear, to where they could live or even what jobs their children would get.
Artisans, shoemakers, carpenters, brick masons and all those who worked with their hands belonged to this class of society. Yoemen: This class is composed of common citizens, with just enough money to support their families, but any misfortune would potentially cause them to plummet into poverty. Tudor law was harsh on the , i. It is historically true that the episode of the cloak thrown in the puddle for Queen Elizabeth I did indeed happen. On April 27, 1584, he and Captain Arthur Barlowe set sail and commanded one of the two barks that made the first English voyage to Roanoke Island. Fruit trees were grown, sugar was used, and foods from the New World expanded the variety of food available to people.
Her reign developed in literacy and expansion overseas. Queen Elizabeth's subjects were required to know how to play instruments, sing, and dance. Throughout her reign Elizabeth had cultivated her image as the loving, and yet supremely regal, mother to her people—the Virgin Queen whose life was dedicated solely to caring for and protecting the English population. Most marriages were not made for romantic love, but for social or financial purposes. They took their religion very seriously and could read and write. Petty Sessions Courts, Manor Courts, and town courts handled unimportant crimes. Continued outbreaks of the plague are estimated to have killed from one-third to one-half of Europe's population by 1400.
Gentry, this class is for knights, gentlemen, gentlewomen, squires of the kingdom. Although many women of nobility worked with private tutors in the privacy of their own homes, most women did not have a type of formal education. As in how rich the family was. The Elizabethan men led a life of power, completely opposite to the women and much more favorable. Gambling and card games Dice was a popular activity in all social classes. Members of the lower classes in England were mainly uneducated, so they did not usually keep journals or written records describing their own lives. As they gained reputation, they were capable of drastically increasing the prices of the products that they would sell, claiming that it was all for the benefit of the kingdom.
They learnt slightly more advanced English writing and speaking skills and basic Latin. In contrast to her father's emphasis on masculinity and physical prowess, Elizabeth emphasized the maternalism theme, saying often that she was married to her kingdom and subjects. Appointment to the post of foreign ambassador brought its own financial burdens. The prosperous merchant class emerged from the ashes of the Wars of the Roses. So it may have been odd for them to kiss each other, during the kissing scenes in certain parts.
Drawing of a band playing music at a dance. The higher classes that ruled over the lower classes were The Monarch, Nobility, and Gentry. It was necessary for boys to attend , but girls were rarely allowed in any place of education other than petty schools, and then only with a restricted curriculum. The holiday goose was a special treat. Married women were almost always homemakers, though poor women often had to work for pay as well. Under the feudal system of the the period in European history lasting from c. English achievements in exploration were noteworthy in the Elizabethan era.
England's capital and largest city, London, underwent remarkable changes, growing to about two hundred thousand people during Elizabeth's reign. Elizabethan theaters was extemporary, loud, and dirty, however, it attracted audiences as large as 3000 people from all social classes. Other employments For those who had not managed to climb on to the livery company ladder, finding a job was more complicated. English people of all classes feared the arrival of gangs of beggars and drifters in their towns and villages, bringing crime and immoral behavior into an otherwise hardworking and orderly society. To refuse to work for wages was an offense punishable by law.
The monarch could appoint you into nobility A Laborer could become part of the Gentry by gathering enough wealth and being accepted One could change social rank through marriage Banishment by the ruling Monarch or being Disowned by their family Exceptions to marriage: On rare occasions, people of different classes might get married for the following reasons: A noble might marry a famous and rich merchant because their status is almost equal A parent might force their child to marry someone of a different class for financial security Review and Reflect: There were 6 social classes in the Elizabethan Era Monarch, Nobility, Gentry, Merchants, Yoemanry, and Laborers. Historians agree, though, that daily life for the majority of Elizabethans had little to do with courtly life, and much to do with working hard to earn a meager living. Mary had tried her hand at an aggressive anti-Protestant Inquisition and was hated for it; it was not to be repeated. The rich and privileged class enjoyed meats such as crab, mussels, and cockles because meat was a sign of wealth. Similarly, families in the cloth industry often worked in their homes and divided up the labor of spinning and weaving the cloth.