The nomination of a candidate for election to the office of the president must be subscribed by at least 50 electors as proposers and 50 electors as seconders. The representatives of states and Union Territories in the Rajya Sabha are elected by the elected members of the Legislative Assemblies in accordance with the system of proportional representation. This was the first time when the Congress party could not prove majority seats. The mainstay of a democratic society. The President of India nominates 12 members of Rajya Sabha. Per , it is the duty of President to enforce the decrees of the supreme court. In this system a voter cannot vote more than once.
The strength in their Legislative Assemblies is not uniform. The at , and at , are the official Retreat Residences of the President of India. The security deposit is liable to be forfeited in case the candidate fails to secure one-sixth of the votes polled. The elections to the Upper House of the Parliament happen through the Legislative Assembly of each state by using the single transferable vote system. However, it still fluctuates every year.
Jawaharlal Nehru was made the first Prime Minister of the independent India. The party or alliance that wins majority in the 545 member Lower House or the Lok Sabha gets a chance to form a government. The model code also prescribes guidelines for the ruling party either at the centre or in the state so that a level field is maintained and ensures that ruling party does not use its official position for election campaign. The lowest voter turnout of all came in the first general election which was 44. The real executive powers are vested in the Council of Ministers.
When the term of the legislature is over, or the legislature has been dissolved and new elections have been called, the Election Commission puts into effect the machinery for holding an election. The Constitution prescribes the membership strength of the Lok Sabha and the State Legislative Assemblies. The Commission is assisted by Chief Electoral Officers who assist in the preparation and revision of electoral rolls. This practice was instituted in 1962. The union executive consists of the President and the Council of Ministers with the Prime Ministers at the head. The candidates can withdraw their nomination papers even after they have been found in order. Congress again emerged as the largest party winning 371 seats and the independent candidates won 41 seats all total, becoming second highest vote bearers.
As per Article 324 of the Indian Constitution, the power of superintendence, direction and control of the conduct of elections is vested with the Election Commission of India. The president represents India in international forums and affairs where such a function is chiefly ceremonial. However, no other party could secure the magic number either. Conduct of Elections: Whenever the new elections become due, the Election Commission issues a notification to that effect. In India, the list of people eligible to vote is prepared long before the elections and is called the Voter's List. The various governments in place are hereafter forbidden from doing any act that might further favor their electoral prospects. The further election results evinced the repercussions of declaration of Emergency.
The voters have to press the button against the name and symbol of the candidate they wish to vote for. Time of election Article 56 1 of the constitution provides that the president shall hold office for a term of five years from the date on which he enters upon his office. Booth-wise counting was preferred for one more reason. Per , President can ask the Attorney General to attend the parliamentary proceedings and report to him any unlawful functioning if any. But how is a candidate elected to Rajya Sabha? The Election Commission is responsible for the conduct of elections.
Any vacancy caused by death or resignation must be filled through an election within six months of any such occurrence. These include the Representation of the People Act, 1950, which mainly deals with the preparation and revision of electoral rolls, and the Representation of the People Act, 1957 which deals, in detail, with all aspects of the conduct of elections and post-election disputes. In 1991, the Congress party returned to power, led by 1921 — 2004. In the example given above if for 4th seat no one gets 44 in first preference, how are 2nd preference votes counted? No party is allowed to bribe the candidates before elections. The initiative does not come from the state authorities or the persons involved in updating the electoral rolls. There were 6 candidates in the contest. Bringing laws in the form of ordinances has become a routine matter by the government and President, but the provisions made in Article 123 are meant for mitigating unusual circumstances where immediate action is inevitable when the extant provisions of the law are inadequate.
As clarified by the supreme court, the object of Article 74 2 is only to make the question whether the president had followed the advice of the union cabinet or acted contrary thereto, non-justiciable. The lack of awareness too constituted for lesser electoral participation. Political parties take an interest in getting voters sympathetic to those enrolled. But overall the general election still reflects the people verdict. The members of the upper house are elected indirectly by the state legislative assemblies based on proportional representation. There are no conditions attached to this right. Results of elections are determined by first-past-the-post electoral system.