When you do decide which evidence best supports your assertions in your paper, it is then important to properly give credit to both the work and the author who created the work. There are three main ways to uses sources in your research paper. Notes and Bibliography: Widely used in humanities, since it easily accommodates a wide variety of sources, including more esoteric sources. Even before you begin drafting a paper, copying and pasting sections from your sources seems an easy way to take notes, so that you can look the material over later without surfing back to the website. Quotations should grammatically fit into your sentences You are required to properly cite all information taken from another author. Also note: You may notice that listing Internet sources often takes more time and care than listing print sources.
To list material from Wikipedia, you should review the advice for. Writing Commons helps students improve their writing, critical thinking, and information literacy. See for more information about how to cite websites. This method - parenthetical citation - is currently most in favor. For example, say you want to add an interesting comment to a sentence you have written, but the comment is not directly related to the argument of your paragraph.
Also note: You may notice that listing Internet sources often takes more time and care than listing print sources. Finally, topic websites may also overlap with private websites, which often focus on a single issue that their author is passionate about. But Chicago style is actually very flexible, and offers writers a choice of several different formats. More caution is warranted when the site discusses politics or issues of university governance. The two methods below, while not preferable, are also acceptable. As a result, imagination itself will require a new definition. For example, In an essay presented at an Asian Studies conference held at Duke University, Sheldon Geron analyzes the relation of state, labor-unions, and small businesses in Japan between 1950s and 1980s.
Taking the exact words from an original source is called quoting. Notice there is no punctuation between the author and et al. There are many different ways to cite research sources. Create a footnote or endnote. Try to include the archive address. Also note: You may notice that listing Internet sources often takes more time and care than listing print sources.
See for more about unreliable sources. Some useful links about plagiarism:. . You should check with your instructors about the style they want you to use. Avoid using says unless the words were originally spoken aloud, for instance, during an interview.
Sometimes they simply refer to relevant sources -- they let your reader know where certain material came from or where they can look for other sources on the subject. If you are conscientious about identifying who sponsors the site, your reader will be better prepared to examine the material you present. Follow that with the most specific identifying information you can give about the particular post. Book with no known author: Title of Book. Cite works with two authors as follows: Jones and McKinney 1999 report that one in five students passed the test. Pause slightly again after the quote to indicate switching back to your own voice.
City of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. If you do not know anything about the author, and cannot find any information, it is best to say where you found the source and why you believe it is credible and worth citing. It is key that you not quote from the original work. To create this article, 24 people, some anonymous, worked to edit and improve it over time. In this case, you could add the symbol for a footnote.
For one thing, print publishing is more expensive, so many print publishers are careful not to make mistakes or to cut corners, in case what they publish turns out to be unreliable—and therefore useless. He tends to serve himself badly. The seeming anonymity of the Internet also encourages some people to write things quickly, without checking to be sure of their facts or their conclusions. Citations within your text link specific passages to the sources you consulted or quoted. Science 1990 , 249 , 1527-1533. See our section on citation styles for more information. In written academic work, citing sources is standard practice and shows that you are responding to this person, agreeing with that person, and adding something of your own.
Scientific styles typically use numbers for each reference in the document, numbered in the order in which they are cited. They are found in bibliographies and reference lists and are also collected in article and book databases. You must have a footnote for every superscript you use. You may or may not be able to tell the posting date. Some, however, allow you to make parenthetical references author, date in the body of your work. A paraphrase is not an exact copy of the original, so simply changing a few words here and there is not acceptable. See for more discussion of definitions and keyterms.
If you reference the same work several times in row, you can use a short form parenthetical citation. But Wikipedia merits additional attention because of its recent growth and popularity. The short story is the source, and the anthology is the container. Since most of these discussions do not supervise postings, do not put the sponsor name in italics. Although it stood with its head raised, even its yellowed wings had been eaten by insects. There are cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.