Css virginia and uss monitor. Ironclad Superweapons of the Civil War: USS Monitor and CSS Virginia 2019-01-19

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USS Monitor

css virginia and uss monitor

This was as a result of a direct hit on the pilot house during the battle where debris temporarily blinded the commanding officer - Lt Worden. During the summer of 1862, she took part in the Battle of Drewry's Bluff, but did not play much of a part due to the inability of her crew to elevate the guns because of her small gun ports. Unless we have means to meet them, France and England may be able to dictate terms as to the southern blockade. In 1973, a team from Duke University began searching for the location of the wreck. A new weapon of war was needed to break the status quot and free Southern harbors. We fired at the Congress on passing, but continued to head directly for the Cumberland, which vessel we had determined to run into, and in less than fifteen minutes from the firing of the first gun we rammed her just forward of the starboard fore-chains.

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Who won the battle of the USS Monitor vs CSS Virginia

css virginia and uss monitor

The Union warship had been hurriedly built following the outbreak of the war, and was specifically tasked with hunting Confederate commerce-raiders operating in European waters. Clancy studied the letters and diaries of the Monitor's long-ago sailors, and he moved among the salvage divers and archaeologists in the summer of 2002. I pointed and fired the guns myself. We will now be invulnerable at every point. In the following month, the crew of Virginia were unsuccessful in their attempts to break the Union blockade. We here lost the prow, and had the stem slightly twisted.

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USS Monitor History

css virginia and uss monitor

I appreciate your position and you must appreciate mine, and serve with the same zeal and fidelity. Looking back, the is usually classed as a draw or an inconclusive battle. Finally, in August, the U. At one point in the morning, the Monitor arrived to fight alongside the wooden ships. We aim to empower and inspire our readers with the tools needed to understand the world and appreciate its everyday awe.

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Ironclad Superweapons of the Civil War: USS Monitor and CSS Virginia

css virginia and uss monitor

Bushnell, at the Willard Hotel across from the White House. When a mile distant she fired two guns at the Minnesota. Since December is a treacherous time for any ship off North Carolina, the decision to move the Monitor could be considered questionable. Whereas the revenue cutter featured a pair of large paddle-wheels along her sides, these exposed side-wheels were a severe liability for a warship since they could be easily targeted and disabled by enemy shot, rendering the ship helpless. In Holzer, Harold; Mulligan, Tim. The oldest of the ships is the Harriet Lane, a paddle-wheel sailing ship built in 1857, just prior to the Civil War.

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USS Monitor

css virginia and uss monitor

Rope and stanchions were placed around the perimeter of her hull to make Monitor safer to walk upon in rough weather and prevent crew members from falling overboard. Since Virginia was now a steam-powered heavy battery and no longer an ocean-going cruiser, her pilots judged her not seaworthy enough to enter the Atlantic, even if she were able to pass the Union blockade. As a result, they had Virginia fitted with a large ram on the bow. It also was the first battle between two ironclad warships, marking a turning point in naval history. Finally, she was ready to go, and left New York on March 6, 1862, headed to Hampton Roads, Virginia.

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CSS Virginia

css virginia and uss monitor

The Confederacy, however, moved quickly, modifying the operations of the Tredegar ironworks in enough to enable it to produce the two-inch-thick iron plates necessary to meet the specifications outlined by designer Lieutenant John M. The engagement, known as the Battle of Hampton Roads, was part of a Confederate effort to break the Union blockade of Southern ports, including Norfolk and Richmond, Virginia, that had been imposed at the start of the war. Each roll opened more seams, and by nightfall on December 30, the Monitor was in dire straits. Sixteen of her 62-member crew were either lost overboard or went down with the ironclad, while many others were saved by lifeboats sent from Rhode Island. The two ironclads fought viciously for six hours with no victor in sight. When not engaged in battle some fittings would be mounted such as: the canvas canopy above the turret and its stanchions, funnels and vents on deck. The crew of the Monitor witnessed the Congress explode catastrophically once the fire had reached her magazine.

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Ironclad Warships Battle it Out

css virginia and uss monitor

The Confederates captured it and covered it in heavy armor plating above the waterline. This made itfaster than the Virginia, which was a slow, lumbering ungainlyship. Brooke's general design showed the bow and stern portions submerged, and his design was the one finally selected. My nerves and muscles twitched as though electric shocks were continually passing through them and my head ached as if it would burst. But the probability of Virginia getting into position to ram Monitor would have been low anyway, since Monitor was lighter and more nimble. During refit sloping side armor was added to better deflect shells and shot.


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Eye

css virginia and uss monitor

The flat iron deck had a 20-foot cylindrical turret rising from the middle of the ship; the turret housed two 11-inch Dahlgren guns. It must have been large, as the ship soon commenced to careen. Their places in history are assured. The Virginia was trapped 2 months later when the North captured Norfolk, and was burned by its crew. Though a formidable vessel, Virginia's size and balky engines made it difficult to maneuver and complete circle required a mile of space and forty-five minutes. At last all was ready — and then we found that the wind which had been blowing down-stream all day had swept the water off the bar.

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