Plantation of trees have to be taken very seriously as they are the lungs of earth. Sariska National Park Rajasthan 1955 866 9. Article shared by : The term biodiversity was coined as a contraction of biological diversity by E. It is estimated that the Earth is losing approximately 27,000 species per year. Great Nicobar Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1989 885 5.
Worshipping certain plants like banyan, peepal, tulsi etc. Poaching of wild life: A number of wildlife species are becoming extinct due to poaching and hunting. Among other things, there is a serious need for the conservation of biodiversity. The life cycles of the organisms and their evolution progresses in a natural way. The first way to solve on the endangered species is government should create more safe zone and national park for animals. The area of national parks ranges between 0. Not every part of the world contains the same amount of creatures yet there are parts of the world that might contain similar amounts.
The mega extinction spasm is related to human population growth, industrialization and changes in the land use patterns in India. But statistical information is available for only 93 per cent of total area. Seeds preserved under controlled conditions minus temperature remain viable for long durations of time. It is seen that some exotic species may kill or eat the native species thereby causing its extinction. How to Maintain a Good Environment? It acts as a reservoir for maintenance of gaseous composition of atmosphere and climate, as a source of formation and protection of soil, conservation, purification and reservoir of water and also nutrition cycle.
Conclusion Conservation of biodiversity is of utmost importance. The tall grasses and brush in the field are demolished, leaving behind churned-up soil. Most species require a combination of several responses for adequately addressing particular ecological requirements and specific threats. A second approach that the country has adopted is the formation of strategic partnerships with stakeholders in both the private and the to aid the conservation efforts Environment Canada, 2015. Introduction Conservation of Biodiversity in Cambodia has been gathering momentum in the past few years in response to international conservation efforts and increased land degradation and loss Conservation International 2004.
The activities like harvesting of timbers, collection of forest products, cultivation of lands etc. Our beautiful planet has given us numerous things that occur here naturally. All living organisms are an internal part of the biosphere and provide invaluable services. The only disadvantage of in situ conservation is that it requires large space of earth which is often difficult because of growing demand for space. Therefore it is necessary to conserve our biodiversity before it is gone.
Through the conservation of biodiversity and the survival of many species and habitats which are threatened due to human activities can be ensured. Biodiversity loss is now one of the most pressing crises. There is also the need for greater involvement of communities, and for models which decentralize of management and conservation roles and responsibilities. Bio-diversity actually refers to the whole set of life forms that exist on this earth. It is usually measured in terms of the total number of species found within a particular area. The cause of biodiversity loss is largely due to the explosion in human population. Flooding or rivers can be prevented by protecting trees in the forest.
The manipulation by humans of genetic diversity within species to produce new varieties of crops and new breeds of domestic plants and animals. These variations are fundamental to the future evaluation of all species, creating biological diversity. There are 37,000 protected areas throughout the world. This practice is wide spread particularly in peninsular, central and eastern India and has resulted in the protection of a large number of plants and animals and. This, however, is possible only if reserves are large enough to maintain these processes and some of the other crucial links in the web of life.
Natural resources include land, forests, wildlife resources, fisheries, water resources, energy resources, marine resources, and mineral resources. Concept of Biodiversity : Biodiversity, or biological diversity, refers to the range of life forms of Earth. On the basis of legal status forests are classified into i reserved 53% ii protected 30% and iii unclasped 17% forests. . Biodiversity provides the necessity that makes life possible. Since climatic changes also affect the life forms that sustain, many species are under the threat of being lost with climatic changes taking a drastic shape. Rich biodiversity thus helps in the process of food chain.
The area under a sanctuary remains in between 0. But still, the numbers of species collected, described and named so far are much less than the actual number of species present. Describe how the criteria used to design protected areas have influenced the success of each case study. She is forced to beg for money for the brothel that she belongs to, and all of her earnings go straight to her master. Biodiversity: Life, the world, the variation of life for the entire globe. In a patch of forest, there is a wide variety of insects, animals, plants and trees.
Spreading the word about detrimental human effects on plants and animals can encourage people to change their ways and effect changes to preserve biodiversi. This paper focuses on how these changes will affect biodiversity at the ecosystem level. A Land Resources The total land area of India is of 32, 87,262 sq. Other indirect effects include the melting of snow and ice cover over the Polar Regions and as a result sea levels have risen by as much as 100-200mm in last 100 years. Threats to Biodiversity Our biodiversity is under threat, as in the last few years a large number of species have become extinct. However the biodiversity is in serious danger, it is shrinking at an alarming rate.