It was also temporary, with a division of the common property and profits scheduled to take place after seven years. Unfortunately, the opposite remained the case with the Muslims. There were disputes since then and riots also took place. Rather, it made its adherents and supporters anti-imperialist and encouraged the nationalist trend among urban Muslims. This resulted in resentment in Muslims in late 19th century and they then formed a pressure group under Sir Sayed Ahmed Kahn to bargain as a separate community.
In particular, modern political consciousness was late in developing among the Muslims. Media, movies and other cultural platforms can be influential in promoting peace and harmony. Secondly, communal riots occur in towns which have a history of communal riots. Apart from these general factors, some specific local causes also account for communal violence in India. Article shared by : Along with the rise of nationalism, communalism too made its appearance around the end of the nineteenth century and posed the biggest threat to the unity of the Indian people and the national movement. It is this lag which produces a psychology of fear among the Muslims. Divide and Rule Communalism was a channel for providing service to colonialism and the jagirdari class land officials.
In 1889, the Congress adopted the principle that it would not take up any proposal which was considered harmful to the Muslims by a majority of the Muslim delegates to the Congress. Rajagopalachari came to the helm. They declared that if the educated Muslims remained loyal to the British, the latter would reward them with government jobs and other special favours. And, in any case, India being a backward colony, there were very few opportunities of employment for its people. Economic boycott, their chief political weapon, was indeed very modern as also their political organisation.
It is an ideology on which communal politics is based. A medical mission, headed by Dr. It also catalyses the problem of refuges, as in case of Pakistani Hindus, etc. Unlike anarchists, Communalists are not opposed in principle to taking part in electoral politics — specifically municipal elections — as long as candidates are libertarian socialist and anti-statist in policy. Later, it turned in the problem of refugees and their rehabilitation became one of the biggest challenge for independent India. As per this mentality, when the followers of any religious community, sect or sub-sect indulge in their activities, they certainly come in conflict with others. A wave of sympathy for Turkey swept India.
Though, there are various reasons responsible for this. Suggestions for the Eradication of Communalism: The following measures may be taken for the eradication of communalism. All of these post-Reformation attempts were led by in which they referred to previously mentioned passages from the Book of Acts. Policies like appeasement, fun and frolic with the sentiments of people for individual and party interests, and selection of candidates on the basis of religious community or sect by keeping aside the qualifications, one, certainly, does the things against national interest or nationalism; are reflections of lower national thinking. Candidates are selected by different political parties taking into account the communal composition of the constituency. Stages in Indian Communalism and how it spread India is a land of diversity. The secular planters resented having to share their harvest with families whose religious beliefs so sharply conflicted with their own and as a result shirked work and resorted to thievery, whilst the Pilgrims resented the secular planters taking days off for holidays especially Christmas and their frequent carousing and revelry which often left them unfit for work.
In other words, the early nationalists tried to modernize the political outlook of the people by teaching that politics should not be based on religion and community. As a result, for the planting of 1623, each family was temporarily assigned their own plot of land to tend with the right to keep all that was harvested from that plot, whether it be sufficient or not and all other production responsibilities and the goods produced therefrom would continue to remain as was originally agreed upon. The failure to introduce a uniform civil code as stipulated in the Constitution is one of the most telling examples of such a failure. Further, succumbing to the compulsions of electoral politics the state has also followed policies to favour one community or the other at different times. External elements including non-state actors also have a role in worsening the problem of communalism, and making it serious.
Sometimes children will lose their parents and will become orphan for life time and nobody will be there tolook after them. Thus, the traditional beliefs of the society are perpetuated to the advantage of the elites. That is why it is expected that a lot of work have to be done at government level in this direction. They become the cause of confrontation, malice and struggle. Whatever may be the cause of communal violence, whenever it occurs, it immediately attracts attention of the nation. From the 1870s, a section of Hindu zamindars, moneylenders and middle-class professionals began to arouse anti-Muslim sentiments.
This was to some extent due to the relative backwardness of the Muslims in education and in trade and industry. Communalists hold that such a movement should be expected to begin slowly, perhaps sporadically, in communities here and there that initially may demand only the ability to alter the structuring of society before enough interlinked confederations exist to demand the outright institutional power to replace the centralized state. To most of them, the motherland, or Bharatmata, was a modern notion, being in no way linked with religion. But in the long run this approach too proved harmful, as it encouraged the habit of looking at political questions from a religious view point. The religious teachers should promote rational and practical things through religion promoting peace and security. But, such motives were guided purely for their personal greed of power and wealth. In fact, for several years—from 1912 to 1924—the loyalists among the Muslim League were completely overshadowed by nationalist young men.