And if all people were born equal in sin, and if all were offered salvation freely, then how could one group of men have the audacity to enslave another? While a student at Oxford, Penn was attracted to the Quaker faith. Maryland Colony was an active participant in the events leading up to the , and echoed events in the by establishing committees of correspondence and hosting its own tea party similar to the one that took place in Boston. These differences, though very numerous, spurred from one major factor: the very reason the settlers came to the New World. The Massacre caught most of the Virginia Colony by surprise and virtually wiped out several entire communities, including and at. Standing up against the slaveholding establishment would prove to be too difficult. For example, the Paxmores were cautious about participating directly or tangentially in the American Revolution due to their pacifist theology; other families were less hesitant.
As the English increasingly used tobacco products, became significant economic force, especially in the tidewater region surrounding the Chesapeake Bay. The ill-fated Henricus was destroyed during the. Where older churches argued that emotions could be a dangerous and misleading index of one's religious character, new churches suggested they could be a useful guide to one's spiritual state, and a legitimate part of religious experience. Power in the colony was restored to the Baltimore family in 1715 when Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore, insisted in public that he was a Protestant. This approach to colonization met with little luck because volunteers for serfdom were hard to find.
Ship captains searched throughout Chesapeake Bay for the larger planters' wharves with storehouses, called factories, to buy tobacco for merchants. However, while there was no loss of life, the ship was wrecked beyond repair, stranding its survivors on the uninhabited , to which they laid claim for England. The Virginia Company of London, organized in 1606, sponsored the Virginia Colony. The New England colonies were Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Rhode Island. Known as , they successfully established a settlement in what became. The Chesapeake colonies had servants and slaves, servants could work their way of servant hood, for example they might work seven years and then become free. Indentured servants were people who signed a contract of indenture requiring them to work for their Chesapeake masters for an average of five to seven years, in return for the cost of the Atlantic crossing.
Michaels, also in Talbot County, where he stayed while writing the book. More than 150 major rivers flow into the estuary from New York, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, Washington D. Maryland declared independence from Britain in 1776, with , , , and for the colony. The sulph'rous undulating Flames Thro' the thick Gloom shed awful Gleams; Pale Gleams that but expose to Sight The Horrors of eternal Night! In 1619, the first Africans arrived, though the concept of racially based slavery did not evolve for several decades. These settlements eventually became Royal Colonies functioning under official governors appointed by the crown. They opposed warfare and resorted to passive resistance whenever confronted.
As a result, it was not unusual for New Englanders to live to the age of seventy. Generations began to move west into the Piedmont and Blue Ridge areas. In the later years of its history, as it became increasingly civilized, more governors made the journey. This is a clear cut aberration as to why the two colonies partitioned. Others included , Bermuda Nether Hundred, Bermuda Upper Hundred, , Digges Hundred, West Hundred and Shirley Hundred and, in Bermuda, Harrington Hundreds. The New England region was a more religiously strict yet diverse area compared to that of the Chesapeake Bay.
With their basis for belief coming from the Bible, colonists tended to agree with the theology of a definite Heaven and Hell to one of which a person would continue on for eternity upon the end of the earthly life. So, beyond its charitable work, the Church didn't contribute much to the character of the colony or to the daily lives of Virginians. In political and religious matters, Virginia differed considerably from the New England colonies. The economics of these colonies varied due to the area in which these colonies were located. While New England was a land of towns and villages surrounded by small farms, Virginia and Maryland were characterized by large plantations and little urban development. Just after the survivors of the Starving Time and those who had joined them from Bermuda had abandoned Jamestown, the ships of the new supply mission sailed up the James River with food, supplies, a doctor, and more colonists.
However, from the outset there was a mixture of Catholic and Protestant settlers in Maryland. Subsequently, each settlement became a royal colony. These events had major consequences for the colonies. The area became a refuge for a variety of dissenters and religious misfits. The Church of England was the established church in Virginia, which meant taxpayers paid for the support of the church whether or not they were Anglicans. What did Raleigh find when he returned to the Lost Colony of Roanoke in 1589? Keeping the shoreline to their right, they then ventured up the largest river, which they named the , for their king. The middle colonies tended to be urban and were linked by trade and commerce early on.
How could one group deny the egalitarian essence of the spiritual order by asserting dominion over another? But with the high death rates, even this practice didn't create huge families. Admiral Somers had the new Sea Venture, carrying most of the supplies of the mission, deliberately driven aground onto the reefs of to avoid sinking. The placement and design of the towns and villages show the stark differences between what each of the colonies prioritized. The Puritans were then joined by Quakers, Protestants, and Catholics in the religiously diverse New England area. As the tobacco colonies' populations increased, so did their production of tobacco, their principal source of revenue and currency. The crown granted individuals or a group of partners a charter to develop these proprietary colonies. Although not a Quaker or Christian himself, Mitchner said his childhood growing up as a Quaker instilled him with character.
Few Virginians were interested in pursuing so elaborate a career path, and even fewer English clergy were interested in trading a cozy English parish for the backwoods of the Chesapeake. In addition the term Wingandacoa may have influenced the name Virginia. But by 1750, a religious earthquake had taken place which shook Virginian society on several levels. Although the colonies were all united under British rule, they eventually separated into various regions including the Chesapeake region… 1343 Words 6 Pages Comparing Chesapeake and New England Bay Colonies Curiosity and bravery led the English to discover the nations of America. This major difference on both colonies political ideologies encouraged the development of two completely different societies. George Fox, founder of Quakerism, visited the area in 1673. While a military failure, its handling did result in Governor Berkeley being recalled to England.
The new colony of Maryland became the first of several proprietary colonies. Also, there were disagreements that occurred between the people within a colony. The two groups who showed these differences were the colonists of the New England and Chesapeake Bay areas. On most Sundays, farmers thought more about racing books and cockpits than about holy books and pulpits. The New Netherland colony was highly aristocratic, with large feudal estates along the Hudson River. Oglethorpe had a military background and was able to successfully repel Spanish attacks. Death in Childhood Children accounted for a large portion of the deaths in colonial Virginia and Maryland.