As such, the 1879 invasion of Zululand was controversial; at one public meeting, a garment-maker named Miss Brown was cheered when she demanded to know why Britain was shooting at Zulus rather than trying to sell shirts to them. He also drew paintings showing the British defeat at Isandlwana where almost 1,300 British soldiers were killed by a Zulu force of 20,000 determined to expel the invaders from their homeland on January 22, 1879. Added to this was the fact that the Zulus were of a time-honored warrior tradition, very fit and possessing incredible stamina. Most were caused by Zulu firearms. However, tired from the battle and retreat from Isandlwana and short of carbine ammunition, Henderson's men departed for Helpmekaar.
And now, more than 130 years after the crucial battle, which was immortalised in the Michael Caine film Zulu, a new eyewitness account of the battle's bloody aftermath has emerged. By the time the Undi Corps reached Rorke's Drift at 4:30 pm they had fast-marched some 20 miles 30 km from the morning encampment they had left around 8 am, they would spend almost the next eleven and a half hours continuously storming the British fortifications at Rorke's Drift. Eleven men received the Victoria Cross, the most ever given to the men of one regiment for a single action, and four received Distinguished Conduct Medals for conspicuous valor in the face of the enemy. Snipers from the terraces now joined the attack, and the Zulus succeeded in occupying the stone kraal on the east side of the perimeter. These regiments had not been involved in the battle and looked for a way to join in the success. Their work was made more frantic after the Zulus set the hospital's roof on fire. It is best known for its prominent role in the 1964 film Zulu, although the version of lyrics sung in it were written specially for the film.
Black soldiers of the queen: the Natal native contingent in the Anglo-Zulu War, University of Alabama Press, 2006, p. In the film , Hook is depicted as an insubordinate malingerer placed under arrest in the hospital, only to come good during the battle. By ordering the construction of an emergency redoubt made entirely of biscuit boxes , he ensured the men had a place to retreat to when Zulus seized the Western part of the compound. Burned, pierced four times by spears, and shot once, he was discharged from the army. One of the privates however, succeeded in knocking a hole in the partition and taking the last two patients through into the next ward, where he found Private Hook. The little outpost had heard, of course, about the annihilation of the column under General Lord Chelmsford at Isandlwana but knew that it would be hopeless to try to retreat in open country slowed by the many sick and injured they would have to carry along with them. They volunteered to picket the far side of the Shiyane , the large hill that overlooked the station and from behind which the Zulus were expected to approach.
The Zulus deployed hundreds of warriors in a frontal attack against Rorke's Drift north wall. On 9 January 1879, the British No. By the outbreak of war, the Zulus had tens of thousands of muskets and rifles, but of a poor standard, and the Zulus were ill-trained in their use. A patient from the hospital, a Swiss born adventurer , stabbed three Zulus in quick succession after he had clambered over the breastwork. Butler's 'Defence of Rorke's Drift' 1880 was shown at the Royal Academy of Arts in 1881, attracting a 'great crush' of onlookers.
They were led by Dabulamanzi kaMpande 1839-86. They were facing over 3,000 Zulu warriors These men were fierce warriors, well-versed in the art of war and under orders to show no mercy. Chard, Bromhead and Acting Assistant Commissary James Dalton held a meeting to decide what their course of action should be. Rorke's Drift: 140 years ago, Britain's greatest last-stand victory Last week saw the 140th anniversary of the Battle of Rorke's Drift. But it was the invisible wounds that hurt him the most. The British troops were doing their duty and they and the Zulus alike displayed matchless courage.
He recorded the early skirmishes of the battle, the Zulus' advance, the burning of Ulundi, the retreat of the Zulus and some of the prisoners after battle. The British opened fire at 500 yards 460 m. These men were bound together by their bravery and extreme courage. This battle, during the Anglo-Zulu War, immediately after a British defeat at the Battle of Isandlwana on January 22, 1879, as the British began an invasion of Zululand. Chard ordered a mealie bag redoubt to be built in front of the store to be used as a final stand.
He would live to 91, dying on May 8, 1945, the day Nazi Germany surrendered to the allies. Dividing his army, Chelmsford sent one column along the coast, another from the northwest, and personally traveled with his Centre Column which moved through Rourke's Drift to attack the Zulu capital at Ulundi. It was this action that won him his Victoria Cross. The Zulu had begun their march 16 hours earlier and covered 20 miles and had gone right into a major battle. Their work was vastly popular in their day among the citizens of the British empire. The 41-year-old was later found dead, the victim of a self-inflicted gunshot wound. At places, they clambered over each other's bodies to drive the British off the walls, but were driven back.
The building was built up with firing holes cut into the external walls with the doors barricaded. A group of British soldiers are pictured on reconnaissance duties in Zulu territory, in this picture which forms part of an amazing collection of drawings by William Whitelock Lloyd chronicling the Anglo-Zulu war On the same day in history, British forces also pulled off a rearguard stunning victory at the battle of Rorke's Drift, where 110 men defended a hospital post against 3,000-4,000 Zulus. The 1881 census shows Henry Hook V. They were driven back by the fire from the garrison and went to ground in the undergrowth. Zulu fire, both from those under the wall and around Oscarberg, caused a few casualties and five of the 17 who were killed or mortally wounded in the action were struck while at the north wall. Outcome After the disaster at Isandlwana, the stand at Rorke's Drift was a welcome boost to British morale. Chard did not have the best reputation in the army, Lt.