Art moves in a world of images, and reproduces the external, according to the idea or image in his mind. It involves creative imagination and the intellectual faulty of the poet. While Plato equated poetry with painting, Aristotle equates it with music. According to Aristotle's theory, moral qualities, characteristics, the permanent temper of the mind, the temporary emotions and feelings, are all action and so objects of poetic imitation. Poetry is an imitation of human life. Mimesis, the notion that art imitates reality, has long been recognized as one of the central ideas of Western aesthetics and has been most frequently associated with Aristotle. It means that poetry does not aim at photographic realism.
The fourth, the final cause, is the good, or the purpose and end of a thing, known as. Idealization is achieved by divesting the real of all that is accidental, transient and particular. He exceeds the limits of life without violating the essential laws of human nature. In dramatic texts, the poet never speaks directly; in narrative texts, the poet speaks as himself or herself. This person may never have experienced the object of imitation, and therefore would not consider the piece to be art. Aristotle however believes that imitation promotes morality. The objects before us are the imitation of the reality.
The color, shape, and materials utilized in his buildings were chosen to mirror the natural landscape of their location. Plato was the first to use the word in relation with poetry, but Aristotle breathed into it a new definite meaning. Aristotle enlightens us on how life should and could be lived in order to achieve happiness. Aristotle's scientific observations were considered the last word in knowledge until about the 16th century, when Renaissance thought challenged and eventually replaced much of it. He has an urge to rise upward.
It thus differentiates the fine arts from the other category of arts. Episodic plots are bad because there is no necessity to the sequence of events. He also brings in the element of universality by asking the poet to rise constantly from the particular to the general. Regarding the objects of imitation. The medium of painter is colour and form and the medium of poet is rhythm and harmony. Aristotle has an idea as to what the functionalist accounts of persons are which I will introduce in Section two.
He can represent men better than in real life based on material supplied by history and legend rather than by any living figure. The poet imitates the objects and phenomena of the world, which are shadowy and unreal. Poet takes things:- As they were, As they are, As they thought to be and As they ought to be. Plato's , where he discusses the trial of execution and his teacher, is included in this period. He besides says that the shapers of the tabular array and the bed make them for our usage harmonizing to the thoughts. Beijing: China Social Sciences Publishing House. .
The poet imitates the objects and phenomena of the world, which are shadowy and unreal. Most of these works are written in the form of dialogues, using the asking questions to explore concepts and knowledge as the basis for teaching. Art moves in a world of images, and reproduces the external, according to the idea or image in his mind. He thus equates poetry with philosophy and shows that both are means to a higher truth. Through many observations, he made large amounts of discoveries that are still proven true in modern times. Things Hidden Since the Foundation of the World.
He argues that a carpenter can make no more than an imitation of the reality, and the bed he makes is once removed from the truth. Many people would look at one of Jackson Pollock's canvases and question whether the wild splashes of paint constitute a work of art. This caused the economy to thrive. It is no longer a servile depiction of the appearance of things, but it becomes a representation of the passions and emotions of men which are also imitated by music. The originality of an idea should be considered in evaluating its artistic merit. Poetry, according to Plato, is an imitator of the appearances, which are already the imitation of the reality. Aristotle thinks that imitation can reflect the truth in a better manner because it is a originative procedure.
The third period of Plato's writings mainly discusses the role of arts, along with morality and ethics. As it was mentioned supra. A work of art —which reflects nature-is twice far from the reality it represents. So, poetry linked with music not with painting. The touchable universe is imperfect because there are many sorts of visual aspect but there is merely one thing that is true—idea. His mind is not tied to reality: It is not the function of the poet to relate what has happened but what may happen — according to the laws of probability or necessity.
This imitation is of the deeper reality. Aristotle concludes that creative persons are shapers. If art were viewed solely as an imitation of life, a whole class of abstract works would not be considered art. Plato claims that poesy is worthless and bad because it is mere imitation and may hold bad influence on human existences. Even dramatic poetry is differentiated into tragedy and comedy accordingly as it imitates man as better or worse. Another difficulty with the idea of art as imitation is the fact that each person who is viewing, hearing, reading, etc. This goal of explaining and defining the highest good for man was a concern for the Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle and the Christian philosopher St.
To the Aristotelian method, the obvious solution is to walk out of the cave and experience what is casting light and shadows directly, rather than relying solely on indirect or internal experiences. This definition placed Aristotelian ethics on a practical plane, rather than the theoretical one espoused by Socrates and Plato. European Studies in English Literature Ser. His town, like many others in Greece, was one which held non-Greek people. He contributed new concepts in math, physics and geometry, though much of his work was basically extensions or explanations of emerging ideas rather than insights. His ideas spread rapidly making him a prominent figure in Western civilization.