Content Your abstract should be no more than 250 words and should summarize your entire paper, from literature review to discussion. These pages also require use of a running header following the same format as in the main text. Series If you are including a simple, relatively short list of three to five items within a paragraph —also known as a series—the proper formatting is to: a precede the list with a comma, b label each item with a lowercase letter enclosed in parentheses, and c separate each item with commas or semicolons. Take up no more than two lines of space with your paper's title. Also include a running header a short title of your paper on the title page. I did have to redo the steps on page 2 cause it didn't automatically do the running head but the page number was there but it was good after I redid the steps for the header.
Left-justified in the header i. It seemed like it was so difficult, yet so easy. That said, if you do need to include keywords, they should appear on the line immediately after the last line of your abstract. According to the , this is a short title that should be at the top of every page. Each item on the list is punctuated at the end by a comma, semicolon, or period, depending on the grammatical structure of the list.
If there are two authors, separate the authors' names with and. The recommended length for a title is up to 12 words. Beneath the author's name, type the institutional affiliation, which should indicate the location where the author s conducted the research. This may include the college or university that you attend. Do not bold, underline, or italicize the title.
To add a running head in Microsoft Word: 1. In running text, a series of items is designated by letters in parentheses: a first item, b second item, and c third item. This means that the first heading you use in your introduction will follow Level 1 formatting, because it is the first and so at the highest level. Beneath the title, type the author's name: first name, middle initial s , and last name. In almost all cases, you will use a reference list at the end of your essay. Your title may take up one or two lines. Spell out the name of the institution fully.
It should be kept in mind that always go with the first letter of the word capital. Common requirements include accurately listing author affiliations universities or medical centers , the corresponding author contact information is probably going to be necessary for every journal submission, financial disclosures and conflicts of interest, and sometimes a journal will require a word count on that first page as well. Content on this guide comes from the 6th edition of the. Style preferences for undergraduate writing can vary by discipline, university, and instructor. The running head examples above show the required formatting for the title page and subsequent pages.
Do not use titles Dr. The running head is shown at the top of every page in your paper. Beginning with the next line, write a concise summary of the key points of your research. So, keep in mind to include a header as well as the page number in the file. You should always use heading levels in this order, beginning with Level 1. Major Paper Sections Your essay should include four major sections: the Title Page, Abstract, Main Body, and References.
Each element of the list should start on a new line. The purpose of the running head is to make the paper identifiable without using the name of the author; this style is commonly used in journal articles, since journals need to be able to evaluate a paper without bias toward the author. Instructors should provide their preferred formatting guidelines if they require tables of contents; if guidelines are not included with the assignment or syllabus, students can request them. Use the automatic functions of your word-processing program to create a header that contains the running head and the page numbers for your paper. Your abstract should contain at least your research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions.
Abstract and Reference List If your professor requires an abstract between your title page and the main body of your paper, you must include a running header on it as well. In , you do not need to add the titles of the author like Dr. However, the same rules of capitalization and of using commas or semicolons to separate the elements apply. Those are all centered and as close to the top middle of the page as possible. This is especially important in papers that present experimental research because they follow the particularly rigid structure of the scientific method.