Your goal is to describe the details of your study in such a way that another researcher could duplicate your methods exactly. What is the topic and why is it worth studying? Next, decide which ideas make sense to present first, second, third, and so forth, and think about how you want to transition between ideas. While there are certain standards of formality that should be followed in your paper, at the end of the day, always remember that you are primarily trying to communicate some set of ideas to an audience. So thank you so much! Instead, there is a different structure such as an Introduction section followed by sections for each of the different aspects of the body of research being reviewed, and then perhaps a Discussion section. Do include the city, state as a two-letter abbreviation without periods , and the publisher's name.
Towards the end of the paper there is a General Discussion section followed by References. On occasion, it is actually helpful to elaborate a bit on past studies. Copyright © 2014 The Trustees of Hamilton College. This style was designed so that journal editors are able to see a bunch of different papers manuscripts that are in the same standardized format. If the subjects were human, what type of reward or motivation was used to encourage them to participate? You may either write the instructions to the participants verbatim or paraphrase, whichever you deem more appropriate. Mean activity counts as a function of maternal diet and age of the rat at the time of testing. Some students think that when they are writing for a college professor, they have to up their language and start using all kinds of fancy words and such.
Place a colon between the city where the publisher is located and their name. Since this is not expected by the reader, it is a good idea to precede the subheadings with a paragraph informing the reader of the logical organization of this section. What further research should be conducted on the topic? Which ones captured your attention right away? Flush right, on same line: page number. Further, it should read how you speak. For animals, include the gender, age, strain, weight.
It is unnecessary to mention things such as the paper and pencil used to record the responses, the data recording sheet, the computer that ran the data analysis, the color of the computer, and so forth. With details like these, I say this: Who cares!? This means using the formal. Remember to write numbers out when they begin a sentence. It is placed in the upper right hand corner of all pages of the manuscript except for any figures. Center the phrase Figure Captions at the top. These margins are wide in order to leave room for reviewer's comments.
I make sure that these follow a linear progression - so I can see the big, basic idea at the start - and follow the headings all the way to the end. Type the word Apparatus flush with the left margin and italicize it. A big help in this regard is the table title or the figure caption. Series Foreword Acknowledgments Introduction I. This document has been translated into the following languages: V. Doing these supporting steps will make it much easier to write your paper when the time comes.
To simplify the in-text citation, place the last name of the author in the text to introduce the quote and then the publication date for the text in parentheses. It is a good idea to precede the headings with a paragraph informing the reader of the logical organization i. This said, there are some rookie mistakes that make me shake my head. Since correlation doesn't say much about causality, we could only conclude that there is a relationship between drug use and memory ability. What gaps are there in the current body of research? Note that issue numbers are typically not included. Be especially careful not to use a sentence of this type earlier in your introduction. Depression: Clinical, experimental and theoretical aspects.
Just be sure to start early by deciding on a substantial topic, doing your research, and creating a good outline. Psychopharmacology, 61 1 , 107-124. The numbers 10 and above are written as numbers. He's an associate professor of psychology at Brigham Young University and a licensed psychologist in Utah. If you cannot find an author or an organization that published the research paper, you can use the first 1-4 words of the title of the paper instead.
Appendix 3 - Example Reference Section below manuscript page header page number References Anisman, H. Degree Research Paper in this department is written about research that is currently being planned or is in progress. This primer explains how to write clear, compelling, well-organized research papers. These references will be listed in the and are using a particular style which you can see most clearly in the literature you are reading for your review. Quick math says that I have probably read nearly 2,000 student papers. If you presented participants with various word lists to remember or stimuli to judge, you should describe those in detail here.