Such juristic person shall not be effective unless the company's memorandum of association is authenticated at the appropriate authority. Who are eligible as a committee member? And that is a fact. The corporate defendant, which was accused of illegally conspiring and colluding to raise prices on , argued that the U. This is the very essence of political power exercised in the context of political culture. State organizations that are legal persons are allocated state property which they possess, use, and dispose of with the right of operational management.
The state is not liable for the debts of state organizations that are legal persons, and such organizations are not liable for the debts of the state. This blog focuses on the South African market and is about sharing knowledge with you. This trait is particularly manifest in asset protection. This capacity begins upon ratification of its charter or by-laws. The concept of juridical personality is not absolute. Different types have a complex variety of advantages and disadvantages.
Federalism may seem to present a conflicting picture. The property of these legal persons is owned by the kolkhozes and cooperative and social organizations that have formed them. . Juristic persons or juridical persons or legal persons. Association s may make statutes by-laws and exercise limited power, while government power is of coercive nature force. The case of the respondents was that the Guru Granth Sahib was only a sacred book of the Sikhs and it would not fall within the scope of juristic person.
Each state has the right to freely to choose and develop its political, social, economic and cultural systems; f. The court held that the county could be sued under the law as a legal person. State organizations are formed by the administrative decrees of competent state agencies. Each state has the duty to comply fully and in good fully with its international obligation and to live in peace with other states. The territorial integrity and political independence of the state are inviolable; e. With regards to issues of the nature of state and power, some writers, by attributing government as qualifying characteristics of state, try to typify state in the following manner: There are, therefore, four conditions which must be fulfilled for the existence of a state.
Freedom of speech, for example. Amritsar versus Shri Som Nath and others, held Guru Granth Sahib a Juristic Person. The doctrine has been attributed to , who seems at least to have helped spread the idea of persona ficta as it is called in Latin. Like the man, the corporation is forgive this compound adjective a right-and-duty-bearing unit. Territory is, therefore, that defined portion of the globe which is subject to sovereignty of a state. The association of prisoners sought to proceed. Relations between cooperative or social organizations and enterprises which they have established that are legal persons are based on the same principles.
They are called juristic persons because it is the law that accords them the status, in certain respects at least, of persons: they are artificial persons created by the law. An ordinary person or a juristic person can perform as a Juristic Manager. Entities with legal personality may also be subjected to certain legal obligations, such as the payment of taxes. The definition of 'person' in the new Act, is aligned to the jurisdiction, in that 'person' is restricted in its meaning to a citizen; a permanent resident; a juristic person registered or incorporated in the Republic; or any foreign citizen who contravenes the provisions of the new Act in the Republic an example would be a foreign person who recruits, trains or finances mercenaries in South Africa. The first and perhaps the true exception in this respect is the so-called state-condominium, where more than one state exercises sovereignty conjointly.
A state organization is also not liable for the debts of an enterprise subordinate to it that is an independent legal person. State, in Political Science, is a quality attached to a community of people s inhabiting a definite territory, under a political authority; i. Trustees may only act once the Master has issued letters of authority allowing them to act. Cole The American Political Science Review, Vol. Social organizations voluntary societies and some cooperative organizations are formed on the initiative of their sponsers, including citizens or other legal persons, but they must be authorized by a competent state agency or an authorized higher agency of the cooperative system or social organization.
These powers, seen from two perspectives — i. Interkolkhoz, state-kolkhoz, and other state-cooperative organizations arise as the result of an agreement on joint economic activity concluded by the organizations involved. On the one hand, the federal state U. Essentially these agencies or department of government, which can be categorized into three departments, namely: the Legislature law making , the Executive and the Judiciary. There must, second, be a territory on which the people are settled; although there is no strict rule that the frontiers of a state must be fully demarcated and defined; they may still be disputed. A juristic person is a bearer of rights and duties that is not a natural person but which is given legal personality by the law.